This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Critical Review Of The Old Man Told Us (Excerpts From Micmac History 1500 – 1950)

1821 words - 7 pages

At its time of first print in 1991, The Old Man Told Us: Excerpts from Micmac History 1500 - 1950, was just one of the few texts written specifically on the Mi’kmaq of Atlantic Canada, which incorporated both the colonial and Mi’kmaq “voice” side by side. The author, Ruth Holmes Whitehead is an ethnologist, historian, and research associate at the Nova Scotia Museum and has written many books on the Mi’kmaq. This text however, takes on a very different form than her other published works. Instead of penning the narrative, Whitehead arranges the historical documents and oral histories within the text, allowing them to weave their own narratives, which speak for themselves.
Whitehead’s main argument is that the Mi’kmaq have historically been homogenized as “Indians” or “Savages” and not as individual Nations with individual stories and histories. Whitehead further argues that what does exist is typically dominated by the colonial perspective. In her own words Whitehead’s stated goal of this text is to “counterbalance such works, by restoring to our collective memory – whether we are Micmac or not – a sense of the individual and specific.”
Dr. Peter Christmas, in the Forward to the text, accurately describes The Old Man Told Us as a “source book” and Whitehead in her introduction describes the book as a “historical jigsaw puzzle.” Indeed this text is very much like an anthology weaving together over five hundred years of oral histories, newspaper articles, census reports, court cases, personal letters and journal entries, to name a few of the types of sources found in The Old Man Told Us. The text also includes pictures of early images carved into rocks by the Mi’kmaq, illustrations mostly by missionaries depicting Mi’kmaq Peoples and culture, and beginning in the nineteenth century, photographs of Mi’kmaq Chiefs and other individuals.
As Whitehead was working out of Nova Scotia, an obvious bias is present in the book as much of the documentation, stories, and sources relate to Nova Scotia. However, it is clear she made an effort to include sources that highlight the Mi’kmaq in other Atlantic Provinces such as Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland. Given her geographic location, it would have probably been difficult to gain as much insight into the Mi’kmaq presence in the other provinces unless visiting them and speaking with the Mi’kmaq residing there. While Whitehead’s research is primarily based on primary sources and oral histories she has also included accounts recorded by the French or English as told to them by the Mi’kmaq or other individuals.
The text is divided chronologically into six parts; “In the beginning: Before 1500 A.D”.; “The sixteenth century: 1500 to 1599 A.D.”; “The seventeenth century: 1600 to 1699 A.D.”; “The eighteenth century: 1700 to 1799 A.D.”; “The nineteenth century: 1800 to 1899 A.D.”; and “The twentieth century: 1900 to 1960 A.D.” Within each section the documents are also...

Find Another Essay On Critical Review of The Old Man Told Us (Excerpts from Micmac History 1500 – 1950)

Excerpts from the Diary of Jonathan Edwards

2104 words - 8 pages pass away from this world. I am sad to leave my wife, but the separation will be only temporary. Our union is spiritual and we will be reunited in Heaven soon and our union will last eternally (Graves). Works Cited “Biography of Jonathan Edwards.” Ccel. n.p., n.d. Web. 9 Mar 2012. . "Colonial Culture." SparkNotes. SparkNotes LLC, 2011. Web. 20 Mar 2012.

The History of Tattoos Before 1500

1807 words - 7 pages 2,000BC. In Japan, clay figures with facial masks were found and they are believed to depict tattoos, these figures date to about 5,000BC. Definite, solid physical evidence proving the use of tattoos in ancient history was discovered in September 1991 with the finding of the Ice Man in Alto Adige; he is dated back to about 3300BC. The Ice Man had lines tattooed on his back and legs. Many mummies that were excavated in Egypt and date to about

This work is basically a critical review of Bergen's book: Holy War Inc. but it is also a good source to aid a student in his/her research of US international policies, oil, etc

2263 words - 9 pages leaders. Furthermore, the Afghan victory resulted in a renewed purpose, "leaving them with the confidence that they could defeat a superpower and replacing the notion of Arab nationalism with that of a larger Islamic movement." Moreover, Bergen renders other events such as the failed US mission 'Project Restore Hope' in Somalia, observing Bin Laden's growing confidence from the event. "He exulted the fact that the United States withdrew it troops

Evolution of Women’s Roles From the 1500’s to Today

1038 words - 5 pages received their dowry from their families, while the poorer women needed to work in order to save their wages to improve their chances of a successful marriage in their future. “Law stated that women had property rights over their dowries and inheritances” (History of Women 01). Before 1789, the majority of women lived confined to the home. Changes came in the 19th and 20th centuries; for example, the right to equal pay for women was made law. During

The Tragic Flaw Of Shakespeare's "King Lear" Includes excerpts from the dialogue

3789 words - 15 pages daughters. The fear is how Lear in a short period of time went from king to just a regular peasant and from strong and prideful to weak and unconfident. This shows that men do not hold their owndestiny and that even though things may be great now you can be struck down just as fast as was to Lear.The fall of Lear is not just the suffering of one man but the suffering of everyone down the chain. Gloucester loses his status and eyes, Cordelia and

Critical review - on the history of the education in britain - education in britain - review

1155 words - 5 pages practise of educational psychology influenced by individuals such as Jean Piaget was beginning to influence education. In 1967, the minister of Education, Sir Edward Boyle asked the Central Advisory Council for Education “to consider primary education in all aspects and the transition to secondary education.” Prior to this report the last review on education had been the Hadow Report (1930). Chaired by Lady Plowden the 1967 Plowden Report is widely

Canadian History: 1900-Present, Military Participation in world affiars; Lists 4 of Canada's most defining moments, 2 from 1900-1949, 2 from 1950- the present

1411 words - 6 pages stretch of honeycomb-patterned trenches and the site of 200 000 French and British casualties (Quinlan 16). Before Canadians arrived on scene, Vimy Ridge had gained the reputation of an impregnable stronghold (Quinlan 16). When the order was given to Canadian Corps to take the Ridge, General Arthur Currie decided the troops should take a different approach from those who had proceeded and fallen before them. Currie deduced that the vast number of

1950's Music Motown: The History of Motown's Greatest Stars

1951 words - 8 pages gunshot wound to the chest which perforated his heart, from his father). They started to provide Motown hit after hit. Many of these hits were written and produced by Smoke Robinson. During this time the Temptations and Diana Ross and the Supremes were still working on their acts. Among these other talented artist, there was a very special 11 year old multi-instrumentalist and singer by the name of Stevie Wonder who was legally blind. In 2011

The Old Man

1205 words - 5 pages options; turn the other way and sprint as fast as I could, try talking with him or just keep walking and pretend like I didn’t see him. Seeing as he hadn’t moved an inch since I got there, I began to debate if he had even seen me. To the left of the old man was a wooden ladder, which lead up to a cracked window. There were drops of water falling softly and steadily from the pane, all running over the yellow and black gang logo which was sprayed in

The Old Ragged Man

2176 words - 9 pages The Old Ragged Man On Barton Avenue, walking south one can see how slowly it gets busy at dawn in Barnacle. Vendors open street coffee stands, slide up their rolling doors, sweep their store front and hose down the malodorous fumes from the night before. The same pattern of waking happens on the busiest streets in Barnacle. In convenience stores, owners greet the early birds who buy some snacks before heading to their jobs. People perambulate in

The Old Man

724 words - 3 pages swallowed to stop himself from bringing up the contents of his stomach. The pain was too intense. He slumped against the fence, and, for the third time that night, everything went black.It was sometime before the body of the old man was found; a young jogger, new to the area, and out for an early morning run with her canine discovered him. It was a horrific site, only now were the extent of his injuries known. His skull had been fractured in two

Similar Essays

Review Of The Old Man And The Sea

1086 words - 4 pages Review-The Old Man and the SeaThe Old Warrior and the LifeI was quite impressed that this short story should have carried so many metaphors for life.It tells a story about a "strange old man" who suffered a lot through his whole life yet maintaining his strong optimism, intelligence, courage, determination and his respect and care to all kinds of lives.It's about how the old man deals with the tough challenge from the sea or more specifically

A Review Of The Old Man And The Sea: Hemingway’s Tragic Vision Of Man

728 words - 3 pages too, but also because he has been learning how to fish well form the old man. Another point in the critical essay was Christian Symbolism. It seems like the old man is the representation of Jesus Christ in the story. For instance, Santiago carried a mast up to the hill, and Jesus carried the cross on his back. Also, when Santiago returns from his trip, he sleeps face down and has wounded hands. The same circumstances were when Christ was

A Review Of The Old Man And The Sea: Hemingway’s Tragic Vision Of Man

673 words - 3 pages critical essay was Christian. The old man is the representation of Jesus Christ in the story. For example, Santiago carries a mast up to the hill, and Jesus carried the cross on his back. Also, when Santiago returned from his trip, he slept face down and had wounded hands. The same was with Christ in the cross. He was looking down and his hands were wounded by the nails. In this way, Hemingway made a relationship between the novel and religion.

"A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings" A 1000 Word Critical Analasys

1080 words - 4 pages accept things.The first people to witness the arrival of the angel are the owners of the yard he land in, Pelayo and Elisenda. Pelayo is in the courtyard removing unwanted crabs from the house when he notices "a very old man lying face down in the mud, who, in spite of his tremendous efforts, couldn't get up, impeded by his enormous wings"(192). Pelayo immediately runs in the house and brings his wife outside to see the incredible site. They look at