Critical Review Of The Article: Repeated Viewing And Co Viewing Of An Animated Video: An Examination Of Factors That Impact On Young Children's Comprehension Of Video Content.

1293 words - 5 pages

The purpose of the reported experiment was to test the effects of repeat and co-viewing of videos in childhood learning. It is important to note that children spend a lot of their childhoods watching movies, and television shows, most of which are aimed at their age group and targeted to helping them learn and grow. Children's television viewing habits have been a hot topic in scientific research for several years now, and this is one of such studies. It should also be understood, first, that children of this age (4-6) are highly influenced by the things they see and hear around them, and therefore, are at a critical age in their learning. The questions being asked in this particular experiment were, why do children repeatedly watch the same videos?, does this repeat viewing enhance their learning and understanding?, and does having a co-viewer enhance the experience in terms of understanding?This experiment focused on repeated viewing of an animated video in 4-6 year old children, and it was hypothesized that repeated viewing would increase comprehension of the video content in the children. First, 77 pre school aged children (4-6) were chosen, all from middle class suburban homes in Melbourne, Australia, and were then randomly split into four groups. First, split into two groups, one group of children watched the video one time, while the other group watched the video five times in total. The two groups were further divided into two more, totaling four groups, in which one half of each group viewed the video alone, while the other viewed with the company of their mother. It is important to note that parents of children in the view-alone condition were asked not to discuss the contents of the video with their child. If their children spoke to them about the movie, they were asked to say they were too busy to talk to them at that time. Parents of children in the co-view condition were instructed to interact with their children about the movie, to discuss the characters, the storyline and the themes, and to respond fully to any comments or questions from their children.The video chosen was animated, as this is the movie type that most children of this age watch, and was a video that was not yet released on video, so to be sure that none of the children had seen the video before. The first, or only, viewing of the movie took place in a controlled environment, set up to resemble a home living room. Parents of the repeat viewing children were given a copy of the video and asked to repeat the viewing four more times at home. A set of questions was created to test the children's comprehension of the video content, and each child was asked a set of 33 questions about the plot, characters and content of the video. Children were also asked to identify the good and bad characters in the movie and what it was that lead them to conclude that.It was revealed that the children who watched five times had higher comprehension scores than children who watched...

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