Critical Review Of The Influences Of Consumerism On Children 7 11 Or Young People 11 16

1704 words - 7 pages

UP608862BH (Honours) Childhood and Youth studies C1989FEducation Society and the curriculum"Critical review of the influences of consumerism on children 7-11 or young people 11-16Dr Sue ParfectEssay1320 Words28.11.13When is it fair to advertise to children? This debate has gone back and forth between government, theorist and many organisations. This debate has focused mainly on deciding on which age children and young people develop an acceptable level of persuasion and are able to use this understanding to evaluate the advertising product or service, as increasingly new findings from neuron-science (Plassmann, Ambler, Braeutigam & Kenning 2007) and psychology have shown that the way different organisation advertise to children and young people manipulate their behaviour through changing their outlook towards these products (Moss and Baldwin 2005).The intentions of this essay are to outline what consumerism is and to critically review the influences of consumerism on children aged 11-16.Many studies have been carried out to see what the results of advertising has on children are, these studies have focused on the following three areas: cognitive, affective and behavioural. These studies which have been done have implemented the original Piaget's (1960) known as the theory of cognitive development to direct their research. In Piaget's theory (1960) there are four main age stages, where children would progress through each stage so that they would be able to achieve the ability to understand the selling intentions of advertisement. Piaget named these four stages as sensorimotor stage which is aged between 0 to 2 years, pre operational stage aged between 2 to 7 years, concrete operational stage aged between 7 to 12 years and formal operational stage aged 12 years and plus (1960). A study that has been done has shown that children in the concrete operational stage are increasingly more able to differentiate commercials from television programs and are able to show an enhance understanding of the convincing intent of commercials. Studies have been carried out on the affective effects focuses on the likelihood of children likening and trusting in commercials. The results of these studies have shown that children's reaction to commercials progressively becomes less favourable as they enter the concrete operational stage. Lastly studies that have been done on behavioural affect focuses on the extent to which children are convinced by advertisements. The results of this study have shown that advertisements through the television is a major source of children's product requests, additionally children who tend to watch more television are more expected to ask for the products that are advertised (Barber 2008).Contrasting from Piaget (1960) theory Deborah (1999) suggested a three phases consumer socialisation process for children. These phases are named as perceptual stage aged between 3 to 7 years, analytical stage aged 7 to 11 years and reflective...

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