"With great power comes great responsibility", this line from the critically acclaimed film, 'Spider-Man' is a universally known phrase that is correlated with the downfall that comes along with the mishandling of power. In George Orwell's 1945 allegorical fable, Animal Farm this is a defining factor as it highlights the dangers that come with the abuse of power and how it can be used to take advantage of the mentally weak, particularly within the Russian Revolution of which it was based on. The way in which this is presented by Orwell, who uses an easily understandable style, acts as a universal and timeless warning of what can happen, which is without a doubt still relevant today with the current global political circumstances. In doing this, it is made clear that a texts literary value is decided on its capability to deliver a strong message that is both universal and relevant all while using a specific style to ensure that it carries the same impact over time. Orwell's decision to write Animal Farm as an allegorical novella was crucial to its initial success as it was short and easy to read, which allowed the audience who were suffering from the depression to pick it up easily. His use of animals to represent important figures in the Russian Revolution was also crucial to its success as it makes the text that much more flexible in that it can be interpreted in many ways giving it longevity and universality that still serves as an important message today.
Orwell expresses his message of the abuse of power within the government and political agenda throughout his novella with the use of strong literary techniques and structure to convey his message to a wide audience. For the entirety of Animal Farm, the animals experience first hand how the leaders, once influenced by ultimate power, sway from their initial intentions of benefitting the farm as a whole and giving freedom to the animals to them using their power for evil.
Propaganda is one of the most prominent examples of how power is abused in Animal Farm and is used by the pigs to deflect the reality of what they are doing from the animals. One instance of the propaganda used by Napoleon, who is used as a representation of Joseph Stalin, to divert the animals from thinking about their hard work is when "Napoleon had commanded that once a week there should be held something called a Spontaneous Demonstration...At the appointed time the animals would leave their work and march round the precincts of the farm in military formation, with the pigs leading, then the horses, then the cows, then the sheep, and then the poultry." Orwell exercises the use of dramatic irony in this quote through the character of Napoleon claiming the events to be "Spontaneous" when it is quite clearly choreographed and planned as the animals have a specified order in which they walk.
Propaganda is also demonstrated with the gradual changing of the Seven Commandments, a list of rules that the animals must...