Critical Summary of Roland Robertson’s “Mapping the Global Condition”
Presenting a historic world-view of globalization, Robertson equates social theory reflecting and reacting to the globalization process, not merely a result of assimilating the experience. While optimistic that sociological theory can, does, and will continue to represent globalization, Robertson recognizes that the empirical base of classical sociological thought is the underpinning of conventional (modern) sociology. Robertson cites frequent geo-political events in world powers having associative relationships to postmodern theoretical foundations.
These post-modern interpretations of “civilization” ...view middle of the document...
Using Giddens view of the issues of governmental relationships between tines of war and peace and the systems of state unification, Robertson differentiates between how states may operate independently or in unison, while some relationships between state entities have empirical connections to the restructuring of regulatory norms affecting a globalized worldview. Utilizing Robertson’s integrative “central hermeneutic” worldview has resulted in a “mapping” systematic paradigm of sociological and geo-political inclusion. These inclusions have identified the need to visualize the worldview in terms of an amalgamated assemblage of issues in lieu of a standardized dynamic.
Robertson proposes a minimalistic model of globalization through which major occurrences of significance have affected our contemporary worldview. In comparing the previously accepted foundation of a worldview and its accompanying constraints, Robertson does not consider it to be necessarily the point of origin for the contemporary worldview he proposes. While accepting of the inclusion of events precipitating modernity, Roberson proposes a five phase historic and geo-political timeline for the documentation and development of the contemporary worldview. Phase One is referred to as the Germinal Phase, which chronologically represents Europe during the period of the early fifteenth through the mid-eighteenth century (Robertson, 1992). While assimilating the societal contributions of the Catholic Church as well as the integration of humanism, the contributions of the Gregorian calendar overshadowed Heliocentric domination. Phase Two, referred to as the Incipient Phase continued the European transition from the mid-eighteenth century through the 1870’s, formulating a societal and communicative transition and conceptual formation of humanism (Robertson, 1992). Phase Two also assimilated non-European societies into an integrated globalization.
Phase Three referred to as the Take-Off Phase represents the period of the 1870’s through the mid-1920’s (Robertson, 1992). Utilizing improved communication systems, global competiveness for awards, accolades, and individual and personal societal identities as varied geographical and societal distinctions, realized a globalized worldview. Phase Four, referred to as the Struggle-for-Hegemony Phase, this mid-1920’s to late 1960’s phase depicted world events precipitating humanistic experiences and travesties (Robertson, 1992). These events included the Civil Rights Movement, and various wars that represented European as well as non-European societies, as well as a myriad of racial, and...