This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Critical Theories Of Jack London's Call Of The Wild And White Fang

1044 words - 4 pages

Jack London did not adhere to any particular philosophical or critical theories. Instead, he fluctuated from one critical view to another as the moment seemed to warrant it. Perfect proof of this statement lies in the fact that The Call of the Wild (1903) shows the Darwinian theories of "survival of the fittest," as a dog is taken from its civilized Southland and is placed in the primitive North, where it must learn to cope with all sorts of primitive conditions if it is to survive. Then only three years later, London was to write the antithesis to this story in White Fang (1906), showing how a wild animal of the North who has been severely mistreated can, through a change in environment and proper attention, be changed into a civilized animal of the Southland.When Jack London was born in 1876, Charles Darwin's theories of evolution dominated the scientific and theological world, and London utilized many of Darwin's theories in his writings. Essentially, this theory of evolution investigated the sources from which modern man developed and tried to describe how modern man was a result of a long period of evolution from other organisms (the most popular theory concerns the concept that somewhere back in time, both man and ape-like animals were descended from a common ancestor). During this process of evolution, all living things were subjected to a process known as "natural selection," which means that only those species which are most adaptable to any given place or environment are able to survive. Accordingly, we have the concept of the "survival of the fittest." This is one of the dominant concepts in The Call of the Wild and also in White Fang. For example, of all the dogs that are taken to the Great North, only Buck is able to make the transition completely - because he is the strongest and the most determined to survive. The instinct to survive is the strongest instinct known to man or animal. Likewise, in White Fang, the only cub of the five in the litter to survive is White Fang - again because of the "survival of the fittest" theory and, by implication, the elimination of the weakest. Consequently, in these two novels and in other works by London, the idea of a struggle for survival among hostile or unknown forces is one of the dominant concepts found in the novels. The ability of the "animal" or "person" to adapt to new and different surroundings constitutes the essential plot of such novels.Another concept, which influenced London's writing, was a method of writing called Naturalism. This involves both a technique and a way of viewing life. Essentially, the literary concept of naturalism grew out of the concept of Realism during the latter part of the 19th century. The realist had wanted to "hold up a mirror to life" and to render a very accurate picture of life. The naturalist wanted to go a step further and examine life as a scientist would. Thus, the technique of the naturalist involves viewing life with scientific objectivity....

Find Another Essay On Critical Theories of Jack London's Call of the Wild and White Fang

In Jack London's novel, "The Call Of The Wild", adaptation is essential to survival

1043 words - 4 pages Crucial ChangesIn Jack London's novel, The Call Of The Wild, adaptation is essential to survival. First, Buck, a St. Bernard and Scotch shepherd mix, adapts to all of his surroundings to survive. Next, Spitz, a brutal dog who possesses a relentless personality, uses his force to thrive in the cutthroat world. Lastly, Hal, Charles, and Mercedes, later owners of Buck, do not acclimatize, which results in a disorderly, fatal existence. In

Jack London’s The Call of The Wild

777 words - 4 pages The Call of the Wild by Jack London is one of the most widely read American novels of its time. Buck, a dog in The Call of the Wild, goes through many struggles as he travels through the Yukon searching for gold. Jack London used his background experience to shape the characters and setting while writing The Call of the Wild. Jack London used his own background to write The Call of the Wild. “At the age of ten, Jack was put to work delivering

"Mother Nature's Wild Sons" My Interpretation of - Jon Krakauer's "Into the Wild" with abundant reference to - Jack London's - "Call of the Wild"

1634 words - 7 pages glorification of the primordial world…all of it mirrored McCandless's passions" (Krakauer 44). One of McCandless's favorite works by Jack London was The Call of the Wild, which had a large influence on his decision to discover the wilderness that lied dormant inside him. London describes this primal instinct as a still existing essence of our ancestors who talk to us through our memories and refers to it as 'the call'. Buck, the central character

Jack London: Call of the Wild

660 words - 3 pages Can one person fit into three very different categories? In Call of the Wild, by JackLondon, London proves he is an emphatic naturalist. However, his knowledge of theareas in which the book is set and of the harsh realities of life show that he also appearsto be a regionalist and naturalist.London's love for nature is obvious in this novel. The settings are miraculouslyvivid with descriptions that could not have just been made in his head. He

Analysis of the Call of the Wild by Jack London

843 words - 4 pages The book I selected to read during this semester is the literary classic The Call of the Wild, a 1903 novel by award-winning author Jack London. I chose to read this story because it is a classic novel and the heroic tone of the novel appealed to me. The novel tells of an initially pampered dog, Buck, and the progression of his tendency to revert to the inner instincts of fierce violence and extreme competition instilled in him. In the

Jack Londons Call of the Wild positive critism

1376 words - 6 pages A Beautiful Novel "No literary historian but sooner or later must reckon with Jack London." Fred Lewis was exact in his The Development of the American Short Story in describing London's various works (Labor, 87). In Earle Labor's Jack London, he described Call of the Wild as an instant classic. The literary community shows enormous admiration towards London's ability to combine realism, romanticism, and symbolism all in one novel. Jack

The Call of the Wild by Jack London

690 words - 3 pages The novella The Call of the Wild is a story of Buck overcoming challenges while being thrown into the real world and learning new traits like persistence and resilience. Protagonist Buck is a colossal St Bernards cross Scotch shepherd dog, transforms from a humble house dog and then eventually returns to a primordial state as a best of the wild. Along the way he is faced with an endless array of challenges. London achieves this by portraying

Gold in the Yukon and Naturalism: Jack London’s Novella "The Call of the Wild"

1354 words - 5 pages of the boat, a chilling wind runs past him and, he realizes that he isn’t in California anymore. As the dog continues to live life with the other sled dogs, he realizes that in the North only the toughest can survive. The very same happens to Buck, a half St. Bernard and half sheepdog, in Jack London’s novella The Call of the Wild. Buck lives a very comfortable life on Judge Miller’s estate in the Santa Clara Valley of California. However, when

Primitivity and Instinctual Acceptance in Jack London’s The Call of the Wild

1089 words - 5 pages more on teamwork and recognition that pride and independence. They prefer to trust logic and scientific reasoning in place of trusting what we believe to be right. They also seem to want us to help everyone around us before we do anything to help ourselves. In London’s The Call of the Wild, primitive nature is not something to be feared and overcome, but rather something to be utilized and fulfilled. In The Call of the Wild London uses

"White fang" by Jack London

1076 words - 4 pages TwoOutlineI.A. ThesisB. IntroductionII. The Call of the WildA. Characters1. Buck2. John Throton3. A scotch half-breedB. PlotIII.White FangA. Characters1. White Fang2. Mit-sah and Grey Beaver3. Weedon ScottB. PlotIV. SimilaritiesA. Opposite PlotsB. Man vs. HumanV. Conclusionof Jack London's most famous stories were The Call ofthe Wild and White Fang. Though they are completely unrelatedstories they have many similarities that I found unique

Critical Analysis Of Jack London's To Build A Fire

765 words - 3 pages . In the story "To Build a Fire" by Jack London, this is what happened. Because of the man's inability to see danger and his futile effort to cling on to life, London shows what happens when human nature deteriorates.The man's inability to see danger exemplified how unimaginative and shallow the man's thoughts actually are. Knowing that it is fifty degrees below zero or lower, the man still doesn't realize the danger and trouble he is in. He lacks

Similar Essays

Jack London's The Call Of The Wild

1045 words - 4 pages As Buck watched the other dogs chow down on their food, his breath warmed his chest as he let out a low growl to Spitz. The sly Spitz had taken Buck’s food and outsmarted him. Buck soon learned that living in this condition would require new knowledge and a quick thinking mind. Even though other dogs are almost as wild as he is, Buck possesses the quality of intelligence. In Jack London’s The Call of the Wild, his intelligence allows him to

Comparision Of White Fang And Call Of The Wild

1394 words - 6 pages The novels White Fang and the Call of the Wild, are stories based on two dog-like animals. In the Call of the Wild Buck, a St. Bernard and a Scotch Shepherd dog, is the main character, and in White Fang, it is White Fang who is ¾ wolf and ¼ dog. During both these novels many enormous changes are forced upon each animal, such as learning to survive in new surroundings (survival of the fittest), adapting to new areas, as well as

Thematic Analysis Of Jack London's White Fang

932 words - 4 pages Thematic Analysis of Jack London's White Fang White Fang, written by Jack London, is a wonderful adventure novel that vividly depicts the life of a wolf by the name of White Fang. Throughout the course of the novel, White Fang goes through numerous learning experiences as he interacts with humans and other wolves from Alaska around the turn of the century. Jack London uses the events that transpire during White Fang's life to illustrate

Living In The Wild In Jon Krakauer's Novel "Into The Wild" And Jack London's Novel "The Call Of The Wild."

1163 words - 5 pages Chris McCandless gave up a civilized life and hitchhiked to the wilderness of Alaska. His decision is partly influenced by Jack London's novel "The Call of the Wild". The book is about how a civilized dog, Buck, goes back to the wild. Both Buck and Chris McCandless have gone from civilization into the wild and have struggled with their journeys. In return, Buck turns to be very violent while Chris stays in his good nature.Even though Buck and