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Critical Thinking And Decision Making. Essay

1259 words - 5 pages

Running head: CRITICAL THINKING/DECISION MAKINGCritical Thinking: Decision MakingHylton KellyUniversity of PhoenixMGT/350Critical Thinking: Strategies in Decision MakingMGISC29Felicia RoquemoreFebruary 5, 2003Summary and CritiqueCritical thinking when defined has many components, and can never be universal; and without exception cannot be conclusively narrowed down to any single particulars. One of the many emphasis placed on critical thinking is the mind-set of intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning or communication as a guide to belief and action (http://lonestar.texas.net/~mseifert/crit2.html). With such complex definition, it should be noted that one can be a critical thinker from any perspective, and this rests on the particular listener or observer.As a leader many of us are stuck with decision making, that are crucial to any business or organization. These decisions are required to be in the best interest of the corporation or organization, where in they are been enacted. Leaders, who are entrusted or empowered with this responsibility, must possess critical thinking skills to make decisions that will generate positive results as the compensation. The decision making process is of vital importance and can eventually prove invaluable to a business success or failure. In conjunction with theses processes there are various styles of decision making, each maybe unique to the situation, which immediately confronts us. These styles of uniqueness are as follows: -vDemocratic.This is usually when the leader gives up governorship and control of the decision, and allows a vote. There are advantages and disadvantages in this style. The disadvantage associated here include no responsibility, and could impact on the group or the leader him or her-self. Although, this style tends to be decided by majority, and it sets an advantage for all parties involved.vAutocratic.This type of decision-making, allows the leader to maintain control and ownership of all decisions. He or she is also completely responsible for the outcome, whether it's good or bad. In cases of emergency, equipped with critical thinking skills this autocratic style is the best tool for any leader. The advantages include very fast decisions, and personal responsibility, by the leader for the outcome. The disadvantages in this style are varied and sometimes includes less than desired effort from people whom are required to carry out the decision. Therefore, leaders should weigh their decisions in this process, critically, as they may loose credibility.vCollective-Participative.This decision making style involves members of the existing organization. The leader will encourage others to actively participate, with ideas perceptions, or knowledge. The leader does maintain total control because, although outside...

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