Critical Thinking And Decision Making Defined W/Examples Apa Format 1362 Words From University Of Phoenix Class Css 330

1327 words - 5 pages

Which is better, fats or carbohydrates? Will drug use and crime drop if we legalize marijuana use? Is this country in a recession, a recovery, or a depression? Should I refinance the house? There are many questions and issues that bombard us everyday. Everyone has an opinion, whether it is the news media, your doctor, your priest, a subject matter expert, or your mother. Who should we believe? This is where critical thinking and decision making come in. This paper will define critical thinking and decision-making.Critical ThinkingBrowne and Keeley (2001) define critical thinking as consisting "of an awareness of a set of interrelated critical questions, plus the ability and willingness to ask and answer them at appropriate times." Critical thinking can, and should, be used each day. Living in the information age, we are under a constant barrage of opinions, facts, and information. The first critical thinking question we should ask is "Who cares?" Our time is very valuable and is an irreplaceable commodity. We need to sift through the issues and decide what to devote our energy to (Browne and Keeley 2001).Kurland (1995) more thoroughly defines critical thinking as:Concerned with reason, intellectual honesty, and open-mindedness, as opposed to emotionalism, intellectual laziness, and closed-mindedness. Thus, critical thinking involves: following evidence where it leads; considering all possibilities; relying on reason rather than emotion; being precise; considering a variety of possible viewpoints and explanations; weighing the effects of motives and biases; being concerned more with finding the truth than with being right; not rejecting unpopular views out of hand; being aware of one's own prejudices and biases, and not allowing them to sway one's judgment.Kurland's definition covers all the main aspects of critical thinking quite clearly. If I were to sum up critical thinking in one word, it would be open-mindedness.An example of changing ones views using critical thinking can be demonstrated by an event in my company. An email was recently distributed ending direct deposit of expense checks. No explanation was given for the process change. The current climate at my company has been one of layoffs, reorganization, the resulting low morale and employee paranoia. The immediate assumption by employees was that the company was conspiring to hold onto our money longer. Expense checks would have to be mailed out to a geographically diverse workforce and surely, delays in payment would result.Using critical thinking skills on the above example allows an employee to set aside emotion and focus on potential corporate reasoning. After investigation and discussions with middle management, it turns out the head office's motive was to speed expense disbursement. The decision was made based on employee complaints of slow expense payment. The complaints were from employees based in the head office. The decision, unfortunately, neglected to take into account the...

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