Critically Access The View That, Without Evidence, Faith Is Worthless.

1489 words - 6 pages

The view that without evidence faith is worthless can be traced back to the rationalist philosophers. They believed that it was unreasonable to be religious if you cannot prove it. Rationalism is the practise of treating reason as the ultimate authority in religion. A big branch, and the main believers of strong rationalism are the positivists. They believed in logical positivism, a philosophical movement that originated in the 1920s with the Vienna Circle that preached that every rationally justifiable assertion is capable of logical or mathematical proof. They therefore reject all metaphysics and theism. Positivists accused many philosophers and theologians of speaking nonsense and sought to apply some of the theories of science to language. As positivism grew more and more, three different branches came into being: verificationalism; falsificationism and evidentialism. There are however theories such as critical rationalism and fideism which disagree with strong rationalism.

Verificationalists believe that we know the meaning of a statement if we know the conditions under which the statement is known to be true. If one cannot do this, the statement is meaningless. Verificationalists have specific requirements in order for a statement to be ‘meaningful’. These are that the statement has to be analytic and synthetic. Analytic means that it must be true by virtue of the meaning of the words or concepts used to express it, so that’s its denial would be self-contradiction. The synthetic part means that the statement has to have either truth or falsity that can be determined by recourse to experience. A.J.Ayer, a British philosopher who famously said “‘God’ is a metaphysical term”, argued that all religious language was meaningless, because it was impossible to know the conditions under which the statements could be proved true or false. There are however criticisms of this school of thought. For example it rules out vast swathes of discourse such as aesthetics, theology and feelings. Another criticism is that God is eschatologically verifiable because we can only find the proof as to whether or not God exist when we die.

Falsificationalism is a theory that was developed by Anthony Flew. The theory states that a sentence is only meaningful if the conditions to falsify it can be stated, especially in science. Flew attacks the meaning of religious propositions because they are not asserting anything true or false. They are therefore not falsifiable rendering them meaningless. He often said that religious people constantly shift their position in the face of evidence. He claims they do this so that their statements don’t become falsifiable. In order to back up his point he uses John Wisdom’s Gardener Metaphor. The metaphor is a story about two explorers wandering through a jungle came across a well looked after clearing with exotic flowers and many weeds. One explorer is convinced that there is a gardener who is looking after it. The other explorer...

Find Another Essay On Critically access the view that, without evidence, faith is worthless.

Access the view that the Red Army's victory led to the establishment of Bolshevik power by 1924

2375 words - 10 pages Assess the view that the Red Army's victory in the Civil War was responsible for the establishment of Bolshevik power by 1924.Why the reds won:Much credit must go to Trotsky who, despite the criticism aimed at him over the Czech Legion issue, was a brilliant War Commissar. Untrained in military matters, Trotsky seemed to be a natural leader of men. His beliefs were simple. If a Red commander was successful in combat, they were promoted. If a

Critically assess the view that this approach presents no difficulties for the Christian. - religious studies- ethics - essay

1282 words - 6 pages Critically assess the view that this approach presents no difficulties for the Christian. Some people may be under the opinion that being a virtuous person will be no challenge to a Christian. A ‘virtuous person’ is often referred to as a morally excellent person, someone who keeps intact with the virtues identified by Aristotle. Virtues themselves are known as qualities that help us become a better person, Bowie comments “virtue theory is

The View that the Main Cause of the Collapse of Tsarist Rule was the Tsar's Supporters Lost Faith in the Regime

1846 words - 7 pages The View that the Main Cause of the Collapse of Tsarist Rule was the Tsar's Supporters Lost Faith in the Regime The tercentenary of the Romanov dynasty was celebrated in 1913, the Royal family travelled throughout Russia in order to gain support. Figes believes this anniversary was manipulated in order to increase support for an ever increasingly unpopular dynasty. The discontent for the Tsarist system was widespread

Critically assess the view put forward by linguist Noam Chomsky that children are "predisposed", to learn language with ease because their brains contain "language acquisition devices"

1433 words - 6 pages without bring able to observe it directly. The LAD is a device that individuals are born with and because of it individuals are having the ability to formulate and understand all types of sentences even though they have never heard them before (Gross 1992, p.785). Since we cannot observe what is going on in people’s brain, what supporting evidence does Chomsky has for his theory?Most of these supporting evidences are of the biological aspect

Critically discuss the view that 'Universal Welfare provision can only ever be wasteful and lead to welfare dependency'. Give examples to illustrate your points

2091 words - 8 pages /)(www.2.rgu.ac.uk/)'The case against the welfare state is not that it spends too much money on the welfare of people, but that their welfare would be so much greater without it' (Ashford,N).For the purpose of this essay we need to look more closely at the issue of how Universal Welfare provisions can lead to welfare Dependency, and this is most evident in the years of the Thatcher Government. Before Thatcher came into power in 1979, welfare was

Knowledge without application is worthless

569 words - 2 pages experts but the qs is what lacks in most knowledgeable humans that becomes an obstacle for them to become an expert. Ladies & gentlemen the answer is as simple as that, they simply lack the ability to use that knowledge just wen it is requird..I've often been hearing an old saying…knowledge is power. However, I never agreed with it. I knew it had to be corrected to application of knowledge is power because this is what's important. Cramming

Is That The Smell of Evidence Being Destroyed?

982 words - 4 pages , is reason enough for them to gain forced entry into a home without a search warrant while claiming probable cause and exigent circumstances. Overturning a ruling by the Kentucky Supreme Court in Kentucky v. King, No. 09–1272 (2011), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the police had the right to break in to an apartment. Upon following an alleged drug dealer into an apartment building, the police in pursuit could not determine which apartment

Evidence that Global Warming is Occuring

827 words - 4 pages Throughout the last 650,000 years, the Earth has faced a change in its climate. There is evidence from the change in the Earth’s orbit and the extent of solar energy that it collects. It is because of Global Warming! Specifically, according to the chart below, carbon dioxide has never reached above 300 ppm for the last 650,000 years and currently as of the year 2013, we have exceeded that limit to almost 400 ppm (Evidence for Global Warming

Assessing the View that Religious Language is Meaningless

2910 words - 12 pages true by definition. Another problem is that this principle jars with another put forward by John Hick who claimed that God's existence will be proven at the end of life (eschatological verification), so there is certainly evidence for his existence. In reply a logical positivist could argue that it is still meaningless because God is still not provable in empirical terms, but in reply the Hick view could be backed up by

Critically evaluate the assertion that "auditing e-business is no different from auditing any other business"

1777 words - 7 pages Critically evaluate the assertion that "auditing e-business is no different from auditing any other businessFor me to be able to answer the question I must first understand what e-business is and how different it is to traditional business. An e-business is the delivery of information, products/services or payments via telephone line, computer networks or any other means. It is the application of technology towards the automation of e-business

Assessment of the View that it is Rational to Believe that there is a God

1058 words - 4 pages Assessment of the View that it is Rational to Believe that there is a God Rational: To be rational is to think logically and within reason. To base your thoughts on evidence, and then use that evidence to come to a "rational" conclusion. Motivation: To be motivated to do or think something, normally the motivation will be because it will benefit you in the long run. Many philosophers use theses types of words when

Similar Essays

Critically Review The Evidence That Attentional Bias Causes Anxiety

950 words - 4 pages more alert to all of the emotional stimuli, including happy faces, compared to controls. This could be due to numerous reasons relating to individual differences. This illustrates that it is important to take into account individual differences which may in fact be the cause of the results and not necessarily attentional bias. Although evidence suggests that attentional bias may cause anxiety, this may not be the case. Attentional bias seems to

Critically Review The Evidence That Attentional Bias Causes Anxiety

1111 words - 5 pages illustrates that it is important to take into account individual differences which may in fact be the cause of the results and not necessarily attentional bias. Although evidence suggests that attentional bias may cause anxiety, this may not be the case. Attentional bias seems to act as a trigger within anxiety and could therefore enforce anxiousness and the pattern of behaviour that follows. A direct cause and effect relationship cannot be established

What Evidence Is There To Support The View That The Public's Fear Of Crime Is Shaped By News Media Reporting?

3400 words - 14 pages develop a "mean world view" or a scary image of reality. This view is characterized by "mistrust, cynicism, alienation, and perceptions of higher than average levels of threat of crime in society" (Surette, 1990, p8). Without arguing towards a conspiracy theory, it can nevertheless be suggested that such a "mean world" perspective among the population also serves ideological and political ends. In the context of moral panics such as the Anthrax

Tok “That Which Can Be Asserted Without Evidence Can Be Dismissed Without Evidence.”

1462 words - 6 pages discovered without the scientific and the "valid" evidences. Nevertheless, scientific "truths" have been disproven in the past numerous times, therefore the "truths" we have today may soon be negated. The theory of evolution, the big bang theory, all are in fact theories, and not the truth. From the opposing side of view, one may argue that intuition or faith is unreliable and even if we did have a way of measuring and clearly seeing it, people