Critically Analyse The Evidence About The Effectiveness And Limits Of Corporal Punishment

768 words - 4 pages

Corporal punishment to modify a child's undesired behaviour is an emotive issue within the general population and for Psychologists it is an extremely complex and challenging research topic. Within my body of work I will endevour to critically analyse and summarise the effective use of corporal punishment; it's effects and limitations; whilst presenting a summary of the phychological evidence both short and long term on childrens behaviour; including two conditioning theroies whilst incorporating and shortly discussing two parenting styles within this essay. My conclusion will compare the main strengths and weaknessess of the evidence presented for both.
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Within Gershoff meta-analysis it was stated that corporal punishment did have an instentaneous and spontanious impact on changing; stopping or modifying a child's negative or unacceptable behaviour and this view is positively shared among psychologists. Baumrind (1996) There is reliable data indicating that an operant conditioning style was the most effective within child disipline. Thorndike origionally laid the foundations for research on operant conditioning it was B.F.Skinner that became synomonous with the theory. When relating this term to corporal punishment; it is wherby the learning of the child has been controlled by the consequences of undesirable or defiant behaviour and the negative behaviour is lessened. (Inquiry to understanding,;2009) Within a meta-analysis of 26 studies by Larzilere included the term of 'conditional spanking' within the 2-6 year old age group; 'conditional spanking' refers to other alternated disipline ***techniques were trialed with milder forms of punishment; e.g; care-givers reasoned; took away favorite items or denied privaledges ; and implemented time out. If the child was still defiant an open handed swat to the childs buttocks occurded and milder forms of punishement trialed; e.g:, care-givers trying to reason with 2-6 year olds; taking away favorite items or privelages; another disiplinary technique of time out; the data found that conditional spanking led to the greatest curtailment for child defiance in 10 of the...

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