Critically Analyse The Use Of Clinical Profiling Or Criminal Investigative Analysis Or Investigative Psychology In Police Investigation. Illustrat

2028 words - 9 pages

INTRODUCTION

Since the beginning of the human society the need for references in the behaviour of each individual have been established, passed down and evolved through time and along generations. This gave rise to a specificity of the human’s framework of behavioural patterns. For instance we will focus on what we call crime. According to Herbert Packer (1968, pg 364) crime is dependent on the perception and perspective of what the society labels or define as criminal occurrence. According to him, crime is a concept of social and political creation. Therefore, crime leads to a reaction that can be mainly described as the need of comprehension of its existence. This can be done by adopting ...view middle of the document...

It also accompanies the mechanisms of the judiciary for development of proper crime detection and hence appropriate legal proceedings.

‘Investigative psychology is concerned with the psychological input to the full range of issues that relate to the management, investigation and prosecution of crime.’(Donna E Youngs and David V Canter, Title; Beyond Offender Profiling, Chapter 11-Introducing investigative Psychology, p 322)

The process of investigativepsychology is all about using the clinical or professional experience and knowledge as base in the formulation of profiles. These profiles are based on information gathered from previous cases, as for example, the development of the FBI’s profiling approach which was based on data and information gathered from cases of 36 serial killers and rapists combined with the facts and theories from many investigated and solved crimes by the Federal Bureau of Investigation during the 1970s, and other theories of criminology, psychology, psychiatry or any other field of expertise that could reveal characteristics of the offender or the criminal act itself. Therefore, professionals can make assumptions on the possible personality traits and psychological mode of operation of the perpetrator.
Therefore, IP can contribute to investigations at mainly two levels. Firstly, being based on empirical studies and theories, it can provide in some circumstances direct answers or possibilities. Secondly, it can provide frameworks of reference for the comprehension of strategies and models of investigation that investigators should favor in the attempt of finding answers.

II. CASE STUDY

For the purpose of illustrating the actual influence of offender profiling using the investigative psychology method, let us have a look at a case where the use of the method made a consequent impact in the course of investigation, arrest and trial.

BENEFITS OF INVESTIGATIVE PSYCHOLOGY IN INVESTIGATION

As shown in the above case study, the different approach on a multi-disciplinary basis can provide better guidance and promote adoption and implementation of specific interpretation of certain evidence and context of the criminal offence to link crime to the perpetrator. For instanceinvestigative psychology can help in classifying and tackling operational questions. Investigative psychology can give better insight to ten classes of operational questions to the investigator in the course of criminal investigations. For instance, some of these processes can be located in the case study above.

1. Salience
It concerns the scrutiny and perceptiveness in the study of a crime scene and identifying the possible evidence, that could in some circumstances be of so much apparent significance that it could get pass the investigators’ vigilance when it could provide or reveal features that could be very useful or determinant in the comprehension of the crime and the context it happened in. This definitely could help in the course of...

Find Another Essay On Critically analyse the use of Clinical Profiling or Criminal Investigative Analysis or Investigative Psychology in police investigation. Illustrat

Critically analyse three web sites and explore how they use the internet's unique characteristics to market their products. Describe the critical elements of the web site design

3662 words - 15 pages The Critical Analysis of WebsitesIntroductionWith over 7.8 million Australians online, the Internet is becoming a mainstream medium. By 2005 the percentage of Australians online will increase to 60%. (Jupiter, Media Metrix, ABS). This increasing interest has attracted a whole new means of marketing.This assignment will critically analyse three web sites. It will explore how they use the Internets unique characteristics such as interactivity and

The Importance of Investigative Journalism Essay

1018 words - 5 pages be very thorough and involve many different sources while providing the public with important information that may have been slightly covered up or less attainable to the news reel of the average Joe. This type of research often looks at what is not working in society and predicts trends and changes, and the analysis of the collected research is completely of the journalist him or herself, and is crucial to the public’s knowledge of very important

Investigative Analysis of the effectiveness of Stalin's industrial and agricultural strategies

2115 words - 8 pages drawbacks, such as the construction of the White Sea-Baltic canal, which after construction was never used by ships as it was too shallow for ships to pass through. Tucker is a very reliable source as he is a professor of politics at Princeton University and his book makes use of slightly more current research, being published in 1990. The counter argument that Tucker's work provides against McNeal's writing allows both sides of the investigation into

Critically assess the arguments in favour of the decriminalization or legalization of marijuana use

1322 words - 5 pages Critically assess the arguments in favour of the decriminalization or legalization of marijuana use.It is estimated that 40 percent of young people in Britain have tried marijuana and that it is an 'underground' economy worth globally £100 billion and $1-3 billion a year in this country alone. There is no denying that marijuana is now a massive part of modern British culture along with alcohol and tobacco. One hundred years ago, it was

Investigative Reporting is the Driving Force in Journalism

2728 words - 11 pages a criminal landlord, Peter Rachman, to terrorise tenants. These examples set a trend and by the late 1960s there were many new vehicles for investigative reporting in the national media. One of the most notable reporters of the time was Ron Hall, who has been considered to have virtually invented the art of investigative journalism in Britain, as one of a trio of young reporters in the 1960s, he created the insight team of the Sunday Times

The Healthcare Industry of America; An investigative look at HMO's

1960 words - 8 pages The Healthcare Industry of America: An investigative look at HMO's It's no secret that Health Maintenance Organizations, known as HMO's, have made healthcare affordable for many Americans, but at what risks? Most employers offer some type of health care plan that is an HMO. Let's face it, given the choice among insurance coverage through your employer, in which he pays half the costs, or acquiring private insurance coverage outside your

Critically evaluate the use of lifestyle analysis in consumer marketing

2166 words - 9 pages segmentation: divide buyers into groups according to differences in their lifestyles.Behavioural segmentation: dividing buyers into groups on the basis of differences in knowledge, attitude, use or response to a product.6. Different approaches to lifestyle measurement6.1. The AIO approachThe AIO approach concerns activities, interests and opinions, which are defined as follows: (1) activities refers to how people spend their time; (2) interests are what

The Players in the Cocaine Game: An investigative look at the dealers, suppliers, and enforcers

3366 words - 13 pages production came from the United States” (Borucke). The United States in the last fifty years or so has become the governing body for the entire world. We take action as though it is our duty and responsibility to discipline and regulate the happenings of other countries, all of this in the name of liberty and democracy. So if we are such a powerful and influential country than why can we not eradicate the influx and use of cocaine in our own

'Critically discuss one 'individual' OR one 'social' explanation of crime. In critically discussing your selected approach, reference a criminal justice initiative that illustrates your argument.'

1604 words - 6 pages crime can be solely explained by biology or psychology of individuals, Durkheim presented the notion that crime is essentially a social phenomenon, 'somehow being related to and shaped by wider social processes and structures.' Therefore the construct of a `criminal' or `deviant' becomes a product of a specific kind of social order. The offender is seen to have few conscious choices regarding their available social options as their activities and

Critically analyse the role of ‘consent’ in Locke’s political theory

1723 words - 7 pages has consented to the government, its laws, and sanctions and, without openly expressing it. Thus, Locke should have provided us with some examples of actions and behaviours that express tacit consent, or even a set of criterion that a citizen/person has to fulfil in order to truly be counted as a contributor to the consent. Instead, we are left to make interpretations and assumptions. Furthermore, when writing about consent, Locke seems

The Use of Forensic Evidence in Investigation

3195 words - 13 pages most people do not realize the actual availability of forensic evidence from crime scenes, the actual impact this evidence has on how a case plays out, or how backlogged the forensic labs have become as more evidence gets submitted for analysis. There are many cases in which forensic evidence of all kinds could be collected—homicide, sexual assault, burglary, etc.—but this paper will focus on child abduction murders, robbery and assault, and

Similar Essays

Investigative Psychology Essay

1466 words - 6 pages Investigative Psychology As stated by Bartol and Bartol (2008), investigative psychology is the application of psychological research and principles to the investigation of criminal behavior (Bartol & Bartol, 2008). Investigative psychology is closely associated with criminal profiling, but there are other areas in which a forensic psychologist can participate in this particular subspecialty. An investigative psychologist maybe asked to

The Use Of Polygraph Testing In Law Enforcement For Investigative And Hiring Tools

1643 words - 7 pages known to being used in criminal investigations to detect the deception and deceit in suspects, the polygraph is also being use in departments for its use in the hiring process for background information. The FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) as well as some local police departments is examples of the criminal justice departments that use the polygraph testing for their hiring process. The employee is subject to a polygraph test when the employer

Forensic Psychology And Criminal Profiling Essay

812 words - 3 pages this, it can be concluded that, it is more of a science than an art, especially in the United Kingdom. Works Cited Canter, D. (1989). Offender Profiles. Psychologist, 2, 12-16. Holmes, R. M.,& Holmes, S. T. (1996). Profiling violent Crimes: An Investigative Tool (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Pinizzotto, A. J.,& Finkel, N. J. (1990). Criminal personality profiling :An outcome and process study. Law and Human Behaviour, 14, 215-233. Ressler, R. K., & Shachtman, T. (1992). Whoever fights monsters. New York: Pocket Books. Wilson, P., & Soothill, K. (1996). Psychological profiling: Red, green or amber? Police Journal, 69, 12-20.

"With Reference To Primary And Secondary Sources, Critically Analyse The Reasons For The Use Of The Atomic Bomb On Japan In 1945"

2765 words - 11 pages simply because; Truman was never faced with having to make a real choice of an invasion or the bomb .The use of the atomic bomb has caused a massive uproar in historiographies, due to the still controversial nature of the debate in the United States, a debate that was shockingly realised when the Smithsonian Exhibit opened in 1998, and attempted to portray an accurate historical representation of the dropping of the atomic bomb, included all modern