Critically Analyse The Use Of Clinical Profiling Or Criminal Investigative Analysis Or Investigative Psychology In Police Investigation. Illustrat

2028 words - 9 pages


Since the beginning of the human society the need for references in the behaviour of each individual have been established, passed down and evolved through time and along generations. This gave rise to a specificity of the human’s framework of behavioural patterns. For instance we will focus on what we call crime. According to Herbert Packer (1968, pg 364) crime is dependent on the perception and perspective of what the society labels or define as criminal occurrence. According to him, crime is a concept of social and political creation. Therefore, crime leads to a reaction that can be mainly described as the need of comprehension of its existence. This can be done by adopting ...view middle of the document...

It also accompanies the mechanisms of the judiciary for development of proper crime detection and hence appropriate legal proceedings.

‘Investigative psychology is concerned with the psychological input to the full range of issues that relate to the management, investigation and prosecution of crime.’(Donna E Youngs and David V Canter, Title; Beyond Offender Profiling, Chapter 11-Introducing investigative Psychology, p 322)

The process of investigativepsychology is all about using the clinical or professional experience and knowledge as base in the formulation of profiles. These profiles are based on information gathered from previous cases, as for example, the development of the FBI’s profiling approach which was based on data and information gathered from cases of 36 serial killers and rapists combined with the facts and theories from many investigated and solved crimes by the Federal Bureau of Investigation during the 1970s, and other theories of criminology, psychology, psychiatry or any other field of expertise that could reveal characteristics of the offender or the criminal act itself. Therefore, professionals can make assumptions on the possible personality traits and psychological mode of operation of the perpetrator.
Therefore, IP can contribute to investigations at mainly two levels. Firstly, being based on empirical studies and theories, it can provide in some circumstances direct answers or possibilities. Secondly, it can provide frameworks of reference for the comprehension of strategies and models of investigation that investigators should favor in the attempt of finding answers.


For the purpose of illustrating the actual influence of offender profiling using the investigative psychology method, let us have a look at a case where the use of the method made a consequent impact in the course of investigation, arrest and trial.


As shown in the above case study, the different approach on a multi-disciplinary basis can provide better guidance and promote adoption and implementation of specific interpretation of certain evidence and context of the criminal offence to link crime to the perpetrator. For instanceinvestigative psychology can help in classifying and tackling operational questions. Investigative psychology can give better insight to ten classes of operational questions to the investigator in the course of criminal investigations. For instance, some of these processes can be located in the case study above.

1. Salience
It concerns the scrutiny and perceptiveness in the study of a crime scene and identifying the possible evidence, that could in some circumstances be of so much apparent significance that it could get pass the investigators’ vigilance when it could provide or reveal features that could be very useful or determinant in the comprehension of the crime and the context it happened in. This definitely could help in the course of...

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