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Critically Analysis Stear's Definition Of Tourism

1045 words - 5 pages

A leisure need is a state of felt deprivation that requires any one or a combination of enjoyable relaxation, entertainment, or self-development activity during otherwise uncommitted time for its gratification. In Stear’s definition of tourism it states that for tourism is undertaken with the major expectation of satisfying leisure needs. The definition from the World Tourism Organization outlines that motives for such travel maybe (1) leisure (recreational, holidays, health, studies, religion, sports); (2) business, family, mission and meeting, from this definition it is evident that there are various travel purposes of a tourist, these include; Leisure and recreation, business, visiting ...view middle of the document...

Other reasons to travel for health include visits to spas, but this type of travel is regarded more as leisure and recreation purposes. Students that travel to another region for study purposes is a category for travel but students are not greatly regarded as tourists but they have a significant impact on the host region as their long period of time spent in the host region results in large amounts of revenue spent and income received to the host region during their time spent studying in the region. The conclusion can be drawn that tourism is not restricted to satisfying leisure needs as Steer’s definition outlines, although much of tourism is a leisure activity the definition from the ABS also indicates tourism is ‘for leisure, business and other purposes’ whereas Stear’s definition specifies tourism as being a certain set of specific activities.

In Steer’s definition of Tourism it states that the time spent away is ‘at least one night away’, it is relevant to the planning and development of tourism today. This is shown through various definitions from different authors, for example, Burkart and Medlik states that tourism involves ‘temporary, short-term movement of people to destinations…’ and the WTO positions tourism as being ‘for a period of not less than 24 hours or one night’ and the ABS outlines tourism ‘not more than one consecutive year.’ These definitions outline that travel in tourism is for a short period of time, that is, greater than 24 hours but no longer than a consecutive year.

All the definitions discussed throughout the critical analysis of Stear’s definition outline that tourism is outside a tourist’s usual place of residence and routine. In definitions of a tourist by many authors the same argument is discussed in _ it says that travel from the usual environment of the tourist is ‘usually defined by some distance threshold’ and in _ definition it states that it involves ‘a round distance of at least 50km’ many definitions may not agree that the distance threshold is 50 km but there is a distance threshold. Tourism can be defined as ‘the sum of the processes, activities, and outcomes arising from the relationships and the interactions among tourists, tourism supplies, host governments, host communities, and surrounding...

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