This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Critically Discuss Of The Importance Of Material Culture To Either Tourists Or Migrants

1997 words - 8 pages

The number of international tourists has been steadily increasing globally to 1035 million in 2012 with arrivals growing by 4% in the same year (UNWTO, 2012). With this number set to increase and numerous countries' economy becoming ever more dependent on tourism, it is essential to examine a tourist's relationship with material culture whilst on their travels. With the purpose of critically discussing the importance of material culture to tourists, two key terms are needed; 'material culture', the relationship between people and objects (Thrift, 2000), and 'tourist', a traveller who visits places away from home for pleasure. This essay begins by considering the differences in the types of tourists and tourism and how a tourist's connection with material differs with each. It then discusses the significance of souvenirs to a tourist and how this type of material can have very personal meanings to their owner. In the pages that follow it will become clear that the importance of material culture varies between each individual, and the purpose of travel influences the need for specific materials by the tourist.
In order to discuss whether material culture is important it is imperative to define a 'tourist'. Atkinson et al describes a "hierarchy of explorer (charting the unknown), the traveller (encountering difference) and the tourist (following the well-worn trail and reproducing the familiar)" (2005, ). In this context the explorer and traveller aim to experience different cultures and gain knowledge through physical engagement with the destination. (Atkinson et al, 2005). This desire to obtain experience and knowledge, rather than objects, through travel suggests that material culture is not of the most importance during their journey. However, as status becomes more prominent in the definition of a traveller, as one being "a product of a middle-class value system" (Atkinson et al, 2005, ), items such as souvenirs or photographs can play the part of validating the knowledge gained or for one to illustrate they are 'well-travelled'. At the bottom of the 'hierarchy' is the tourist, the largest proportion of international travellers, who look to visit places familiar to them. An example of this is the flocks of British people visiting Spain, many consistently returning year after year. Resorts in these areas have, to some extent, adopted British cultures and offer typically British food, drink and way of life. These include the English breakfast or pub (Atkinson et al). All three types of traveller use visual possession to turn landscapes and people encountered on their travels into objects for their aesthetic pleasure (Atkinson et al, 2005). This idea questions whether, for tourism as a whole, tourists seek physical fulfillment from their travels from objects and interactions with these objects; or, if spiritual fulfillment is more significant and they value the experience and intangible over the material.
The type of tourism is another...

Find Another Essay On Critically Discuss of the Importance of Material Culture to Either Tourists or Migrants

Describe and discuss TWO contributions of either Freud or Rogers to the development of Psychology

1330 words - 5 pages Describe and discuss TWO contributions of eitherFreud or Rogers to the development of Psychology.Freud's work is described as psychoanalysis; it is the theory of personality, personality development including child development, moral development, defence mechanisms and theory of dreams. In this essay we will look at the psychosexual stages primarily the phallic stage. We will also look at Freud's theories on the structure of personality.Freud

The Importance of the Japanese Tourists in Chapter Five of The Handmaids Tale

1008 words - 4 pages The Importance of the Japanese Tourists in Chapter Five of The Handmaids Tale The Japanese tourists presented in chapter five may only cover a page and a half in the novel, however, this passage should not be underestimated as the tourists importantly act as a subtle representation of everything that the Handmaids have been stripped of, most importantly their freedom. The way in which the author introduces the reader to

Importance for Tourism Industry to Distinguish between different types of Tourists

1646 words - 7 pages Importance for Tourism Industry to Distinguish between different types of Tourists1. Discuss why it is important for the tourism industry to distinguish between different types of tourists?The reasons why people are motivated to travel or to go on a holiday and the particular type of travel experience that are seeking when they do so, are wide and varied. They are dependent on a number of disparate and varied factors based on particular

Discuss whether Hong Kong government should limite the daily quota of incoming mainland Chinese tourists

928 words - 4 pages Recently, Taiwan government announced that the daily quota of incoming mainland Chinese tourists will be 5000 people in the next year. The action of Taiwan government has aroused a great deal of controversy on whether Hong Kong government should imitate Taiwan to limit the incoming mainland Chinese tourists. Some people pointed out that it may have drawbacks on the Hong Kong economy. However, some local residents argue that it benefits Hong Kong

Highlights of the Ethics of Capital Punishment. Analyzed ethically as either beneficial or detrimental to society

1547 words - 6 pages centuries. Some people have said that by allowing the killing of a criminal, it will only teach others that revenge is what capital punishment is all about, instead of seeing it as a means to removing a danger permanently from society. Hopefully this essay will educate the reader on the importance of capital punishment.This essay will define, describe, analyze and evaluate the ethics of capital punishment. By defining capital punishment the reader will

Is the experience of suburbia uniquely different to either that of city or country life?

1349 words - 6 pages well as commercial businesses. Within suburban residential areas there is often a distinct lack of diversity in areas including demographic and income bracket. There is also a specific road pattern used to separate the different parts of the suburb, as the houses are usually grouped in terms of property value. Properties in suburban areas often stand one or two storeys tall and have a high percentage of white inhabitants as opposed to minorities. As

Discuss Whether or not Globalisation is the Death of Culture

2174 words - 9 pages often for wealth and trading purposes, and can at times come at the expense of culture. Culture is an expression, rather than a simple definition. It links us to places and peoples through mediums such as religion, clothing, food, or the media. The media in particular is continuously advertising different cultures across the globe.Globalisation also presents us with the dissolution of national state boundaries, representing the magnitude and

the effectiveness of communication depends on a multitude of inextricably linked factors which are either dependent or independent of the sender. discuss

993 words - 4 pages Untitled THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNICATION DEPENDS ON A MULTITUDE OF INEXTRICABLY LINKED FACTORS WHICH ARE EITHER DEPENDENT OR INDEPENDENT OF THE SENDER OF THE MESSAGE. Discuss. Communication is a process that involves the exchange of information, ideas and emotions. This process involves the sender encoding a message and sends it via a channel of communication to the receiver who then decodes the message, processes it and then

Critically Discuss The Relevance Of The Holistic Model To Diversity Within Mental Health Services

1696 words - 7 pages Critically discuss the relevance of the holistic model to diversity within mental health services.The essence of holism within a mental health context takes into account the whole person, and every factor that could effect an individual, it aims to look at the whole picture rather than concentrating on separate parts, for example it would take into account Physical, Psychological, Social (such as culture), Emotional and Spiritual (personal

Cosmopolitan--Continuing the Burden of Women The essay assignment was to take a piece of Today's culture and show what its effect is on American society either negetively or positively

1870 words - 7 pages what to do once we have caught our prey. It is considered by many to be the know-all to pleasing and keeping our men, maintaining our beauty, and knowing what to wear from season to season. Face it, Cosmo is this generation's version of Good Housekeeping. While most readers of Cosmopolitan feel that the magazine is geared toward women who take pride in making themselves a better mate or making themselves better women in general, Cosmo fuels women's

Henrik Ibsen "A Doll's House"; The character of Nora: she is either a heartless egoist unable to cope with her responsibilities, or an independent, fully realised modern human. Discuss

944 words - 4 pages dishonesty, Nora also tells many smaller and nearly unnecessary lies like denying having bought macaroons or "it was in her local paper". Entwined within this first act there are several details to strengthen the characteristics of Nora. By using expressions like "the big thing" she appears childish. Stage directions are frequently used as well: "claps her hands" and "throws her head back and looks defiantly at him" are both child-like movements

Similar Essays

Childhood In Literature Discuss With Reference To Either One Object Type, Or A Group Of Objects That Constitute The Material Culture Of Children

2183 words - 9 pages There seems to be a fundamental epistemological difference between how we regard modern children and how we understand children in the past(Derevenski, JS, 2000)Discuss with reference to either one object type, or a group of objects that constitute the material culture of children.Conspicuous by their presence (or relative absence), and originating from hand as well as industrialised production, furniture and artefacts for children communicate

The Importance Of Material Heritage To The Study Of History And Culture

3326 words - 13 pages The importance of material heritage to the study of history and culture, and how far present efforts of conservation supports this.1. Definition of heritage 1.1 Material heritage1.2 Cultural heritage2. The importance of heritage2.1 How material heritage is important to the study of history and culture.2.2 Importance of heritage to the inculcation of national identity.3. Conservation and results3.1

Critically Discuss The Role And Importance Of Intenational Commercial Arbitration As An Alternative Dispute Settlement Mechanism In International Trade Today

3024 words - 12 pages International trade contracts can give rise to disputes, which need resolution. This can be done through a process of litigation, or arbitration, to mention just two methods. Certain issues however, need to be taken into consideration when using either of the two methods for dispute settlement.Many businesses in recent times have preferred to use the latter method of arbitration. This has in many cases become the norm. It has also been suggested

The Importance The Majority Culture Place On The Values Of The Minority Culture Determines How That Culture Lives Within Society. Discuss Concerning Aboriginal Australia

3049 words - 12 pages another.The "majority culture" in Australia is perceived to be the rest of the citizens living in Australia because we cannot clearly distinguish a "majority culture" as we are a multicultural society. This term is used to express the customs or values the majority of the population have within that nation, in less formality it means the customs and rituals that can be considered "normal" or the "proper way" by the majority of citizens.However, in our