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Critically Discuss The Relevance Of The Holistic Model To Diversity Within Mental Health Services.

1696 words - 7 pages

Critically discuss the relevance of the holistic model to diversity within mental health services.The essence of holism within a mental health context takes into account the whole person, and every factor that could effect an individual, it aims to look at the whole picture rather than concentrating on separate parts, for example it would take into account Physical, Psychological, Social (such as culture), Emotional and Spiritual (personal meaning) factors (p23 The Open University) that can effect how a person thinks, behaves and feels. Holism focuses on how many factors and aspects of the person interlink and cannot be viewed as independent of each other. When looking at treatment methods the holistic view would also ideally, encapsulate many possible methods of treatment in conjunction with each other (ie medication, cognitive therapy plus relaxation techniques for example, and looking at an individuals social circumstances (ie housing)) rather than concentrating on one in particular. Some factors may have a substantial effect on more than one dimension, for example, past negative experiences may affect present behaviour (which focuses on psychological and emotional), however such factors may permeate every dimension at varying degrees. In this way, holistic methods aim to find the best ways of tackling issues which may be affecting an individual's mental health using a tailor made approach depending on the individual's circumstances.The holistic view realizes the diversity between people; this is one example of why diversity between mental health services is necessary, because individuals have different fundamental needs which may need tackling in unique ways, and may require different methods of treatment at different stages of individual's lives. Without the capacity to look at personal diversity, of individuals own personal experiences and circumstances, treatment methods would be less effective. For example, a person who has a disability may be more susceptible to some sort of mental distress because of the challenges they have to face in society because of other peoples judgements as well as because of the disability. By looking at how society perceives people who have a disability, as well as looking at the debilitating features of the disability we can aim to treat a number of factors rather than solely concentrating on the effects of the disability.Diversity is also necessary when looking at the diagnosis of individuals since mental health workers, and people in general, come with their own judgements and preconceptions about mental illness and different people may perceive an individual's problem in various ways (p69 module 2, The Open university 2004). The holistic approach makes it possible to understand why a person may be affected by mental distress because of factors outside of their control and may therefore help people to understand and change any stereotypical or negative views they may have towards people who are experiencing...

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