This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Critically Evaluate Assessment, Planning And Teaching Processes With Particular Reference To Children’s Learning And Development.

981 words - 4 pages

Social constructivism was developed by Vygotsky. His theory of learning highlights the role which social and cultural interactions play in the learning process. Vygotsky states that learning is co-constructed and that individuals learn from each other. He rejected the assumption made by Piaget that it was possible to separate learning from its social context. He believed that constructivists such as Piaget had overlooked the essentially social nature of language and consequently failed to understand that learning is a collaborative process. Piaget’s theory specifies that development precedes learning, whilst Vygotsky felt social learning precedes development, stating “Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological).” Vygotsky (1978). Gergen simplifies this by saying that social constuctionism is about social relationships, being centrally concerned with “negotiation, co-operation, conflict, rhetoric, ritual, social scenarios and the like.”.

A fundamental aspect of Vygotsky’s theory is the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), this is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help. Vygotsky, (1962) describes this as a “range of tasks that are too difficult for an individual to master alone, but can be mastered with the assistance or guidance of adults or more-skilled peers.” This can be applied to a classroom environment where students can be grouped such that the students who understand the content of the work with the students who do not (mixed ability groupings). For example, in a science lesson I have taught, I organised the children into mixed ability groups of around 4-6, the task was to plan and conduct an experiment to test the question ‘Do people with a bigger hand span grab more?’ (see appendices 2). Within the groups, there were children who understood the concept and those who did not (SEN, EAL, some low ability), I found that without having to deliver an extra input to these children, other members of the group explained the concept. The more knowledgeable peer might use different language then I did as a teacher. The students phrasing might make more sense to the other student. The more knowledgeable student also learnt something, a deeper understanding of the concept, a new way to explain the concept which they had not previously considered and also possible extensions to the concept, for example, some of these more knowledgeable students did not only test the impact of hand size on number of cubes they could grab but also how the range of techniques used impacted the number of blocks grabbed, essentially using social constructivism to extend and challenge their own learning.

Vygotsky has also developed the theory behind the role of the teacher in the learning environment, unlike in behaviourism, where a teacher was...

Find Another Essay On Critically evaluate assessment, planning and teaching processes with particular reference to children’s learning and development.

Frederick Taylor's Scientific Management reflects an approach to managing that is no longer appropriate for today’s managers. Critically evaluate this statement, with particular reference to an...

4279 words - 17 pages Frederick Taylor's Scientific Management reflects an approach to managing that is no longer appropriate for today's managers. Critically evaluate this statement, with particular reference to an example from a workplace with which you are familiar INTRODUCTIONManagement is defined as "the process of achieving organizational objectives, within a changing environment, by balancing efficiency, effectiveness and equity, obtaining the most from

Impact of Banking Sector on Agricultural Development of India with particular reference to Maharashtra – Theoretical perspective

2190 words - 9 pages Impact of Banking Sector on Agricultural Development of India with particular reference to Maharashtra - Theoretical perspective.Vivek V. Patil*1) Introduction :-Agriculture probably is the oldest profession for livelihood for major portion of the population in our country. Nature and type of farming , however, underwent conspicuous changes during the course of socio-economic transformation which has now attended technologically advanced

Critically evaluate an assessment process

2000 words - 8 pages Assessment Item 1 - Critically Evaluate an Assessment ProcessThe assessment system being evaluated is Competency Based Training (CBT). This is used by myself and my colleagues in the Automotive Trade section. This report will include the processes implemented by my section, and what issues are present that impact on how the assessment is conducted. A critique along with personal recommendations that may enhance the process will also be

Service Learning Group Project: Senior Center Assessment and Teaching

885 words - 4 pages the opportunity to share that knowledge with the older adult community. The initial visit to the senior center involved assessments of blood pressure, blood glucose, oxygen saturation and heart rate. The participants were informed of their assessment values and encouraged to write them down. Many of the seniors asked questions related to what the numbers meant, if the values were within a healthy range and ultimately how they translated to

Critically evaluate the links between employees training and development and company's performance

3679 words - 15 pages The aim of this paper is to critically analyse the links between employees training and development and companies performance. It will examine critically needs analysis, organisational analysis, person analysis and competency based training including Strategic Human Resource Development (SHRD). It will also touch diversity in workplaces, performance appraisals in organisations. The paper would discuss learning organisation, cost and benefits of

'All forms of assessments can enhance your teaching and children's learning.' Critically discuss

2513 words - 10 pages children were given time to reflect on and discuss what they had learnt and inform the teacher where they had experienced problems. The pupils were able to begin the process of self assessment by comparing what they had learnt with the objectives of the lesson and were able to evaluate their performance by checking their work against the success criteria. Sadler (1989) describes this as 'central to learning' as 'pupils can only achieve a learning goal

With Reference to at least three companies of your choice, critically evaluate Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm as a framework explaining the reasons why companies engage in Foreign Direct Investment

3043 words - 12 pages "Technological changes; particularly in the space-shrinking technologies of transport and communication, in unison with the overall decline in trade barriers, help to make possible the internationalisation of economic activity and also the development and geographic spread of companies (Dicken pp 120, Adapted)." These revolutions have induced the explosion in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the last 20 years.FDI is the principle way that

Define Enterprise resources planning system (ERPs). Critically evaluate the statement " ERPS are useful for management accouting and enhance decision making"

2683 words - 11 pages . With an ERP system, it can be seen that once it is customized and fit to the needs of an organization, it will more than likely give the organization a competitive advantage.Reference List:Brady, J., Monk, E. & Wagner, B. (2001), Concepts in Enterprise Resource Planning, Course Technology Thomson Learning: Canada.Caglio, A. (2003), 'Enterprise Resource Planning systems and accountants: towards hybridisation?' European Accounting Review 12

Theoretical examination of the role of play in young children’s learning and development, and the practitioner’s role in this.

1706 words - 7 pages of what stage the child is performing at and how they can help the child to go up one level. The practitioner would observe and monitor the child playing and come up with new techniques to develop their play. In essence there are essentially collecting evidence of what the child sees, does and how they act. The role of the practitioner is crucial in: planning and resourcing a challenging environment; supporting children’s learning

Outline the development of the World Trade Organisation and critically evaluate its role in the twenty first century

1261 words - 5 pages The World Trade Organisation (WTO) came into being on the 1st January 1995. It is based in Geneva, Switzerland and was created by the Uruguay Round negotiations. It is the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) established in the wake of the Second World War. While the WTO is still young, the trading system that was originally set up under GATT is already 55 years old. With 144 member countries, the WTO has six main

IMPACTS OF TOURISM: PLANNING AND POLICY DEVELOPMENT CRITICALLY ASSESS THE KEY ARGUMENTS REGARDING THE OUTCOMES OF TOURISM IN LESS DEVELOPED SOCIETIES

2106 words - 8 pages with the public sector governments are choosing to develop and promote their resources in order to attract tourists. For many tourism is seen as a quick and easy solution to combating economic deficiencies (S.Medlik, 1991). This idea that tourism is good for the economy has increased the interest in developing, planning, government regulations and policies on tourism (WTO, 1997). Developers of tourism can fall into three categories, namely the

Similar Essays

Critically Evaluate Assessment, Planning And Teaching Processes With Particular Reference To Children’s Learning And Development

1576 words - 7 pages teaching until the 1960’s and was evident in didactic teaching, where all learning is knowledge based and is very much led by the teacher. Knowledge and skills to be learnt are chosen by the teacher and direct transmission of knowledge results in children learning. These concepts have led to the coined phrase ‘children are empty vessels to be filled with knowledge’. The common image of a classroom was until the 1960’s that of a teacher at the front

Learning And Teaching Processes Essay

3447 words - 14 pages PAGE PAGE 6 LECTURE 3. LEARNING AND TEACHING PROCESSES3.1 The teaching process3.2 Presentations and explanations3.3. Practice activities3.1 The teaching processThe process of teaching a foreign language is a complex one: as with many other subjects, it is broken down into components. There are three components: (1) presenting and explaining new material; (2) providing practice; and (3) testing.In principle, the teaching processes of presenting

Critically Evaluate The Medical Model And The Social Model Of Disability, As Applied To People With Learning Difficulties/Disabilities

3906 words - 16 pages BA Learning Difficulties/DisabilitiesSession: 2009/2010Semester: OneSubject: Psychological and Social Development (LG0901G)Student ID: 0905405/0901361Critically evaluate the Medical Model and the Social Model of Disability, as applied to people with learning difficulties/disabilities. Your answer should address how these models have developed over time.Within the essay consideration should be given to the place of intelligence and labelling

Critically Evaluate The Extent To Which The Literacy Hour Enhances The Teaching And Learning Of English As Required By The National Curriculum For English

3352 words - 13 pages Throughout this assignment I will be critically evaluating each part for the literacy hour highlighting the purpose and effectiveness of each section and how it interlinks with the National Curriculum concluding in whether the hour does actually enhance the learning and teaching of English.The introduction of a National Literacy Hour as part of the National Literacy Strategy (NLS) has been seen as a major reform to improve standards of literacy