Critically Examine Recent Patterns In Mass Migration And Explain Why These Matter For Ensuring International Human Rights.

2181 words - 9 pages

Critically examine recent patterns in mass migration and explain why these matter for ensuring international human rights.Mass migration is the movement of people from one area to another which can occur within borders for example from the countryside to the city or across international borders. It can sometimes occur over long distance or in large groups. Mass migration can be voluntary which include seeking employment or involuntary like in cases of ethnic cleansing and war. The recent pattern of mass migration according to Tilly highlights three main points. They are the change in geographical distribution of employment, the demographic imbalance of a certain area and the actions and policies of a country. The mass movement of people causes great strain on the emigrants as well as the area they emigrate to. Displaced persons were more likely to suffer severe humanitarian implications as well as experience human rights abuses and exploitation. Human rights refer to the basic rights and freedom of an individual. This includes the right to be treated justly, the right to have a fair wage, the right to food, the right to an education and the right to work.Mass migration occurs all over the world. This essay will focus mainly on the mass migration in the Middle East from other Middle Eastern countries and from the Asian regions after World War 2. It will also focus on the human rights issues Germans, Jews, Arabs and Asians faced in the process of leaving their homeland in search of better opportunities. The Middle East was chosen as a key focus because although the process of mass migration started just after World War 2 ended, there is still a mass exodus of people occurring resulting from World War 2 making mass migration in this region "recent". As people move to seek economic security, the Middle East is still a popular destination for many. However, this also means that there will be many emigrants who will be denied their fundamental human rights as they lack political influence and legal representation.The recent patterns of mass migration post World War 2 was in the months before the war ended. 12 million Germans in total were expelled from German areas in the East as well as from other countries where they were a minority. Those who could escape the revenge attacks moved to West Germany. In Yugoslavia, ethnic Germans had their citizenship cancelled, their properties confiscated and they were forced into labour camps. Many died of exhaustion as a result of slave labour, disease and malnutrition. German civilian and military causalities were higher in "peace" than in "war".Jews who were fortunate enough to escape the ethnic cleansing in World War 2 moved to the newly created state of Israel after the war of 1947- 48 in the Middle East, when they were prevented from entering into nearly all of the countries of the world allegedly to protect domestic workers from foreign competition. The creation of the state of Israel caused a forced exodus...

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