Criticism Of Morality Essay

997 words - 4 pages

Any outcome of rationality is only as good as its assumptions. If 'x' is assumed and 'y' is done leading to outcome 'z', then rational arguments and science can reveal whether it happens to be so. We can say 'y' is right (rationally) if it is consistent with 'x' and does lead to 'z'. If not then it is wrong to do 'y'. So the idea of y being wrong or right depends on the assumptions 'x' and the desired outcome 'z'.

The problem with moral science is that it determines ‘x’ and ‘z’ arbitrarily and then decides whether y is right or wrong. ‘x’ and ‘z’ are not given in nature. Not everyone has same ‘x’ and ‘z’. For example, assume that 'conscious minds want well-being or well rewarding ...view middle of the document...

An experiments when repeated will show similar outcome(assuming same conditions) when performed by different people at different times. However value judgments are not so. Emotional responses of people vary from person to person and time to time. Suppose a person is shown to be killed for raping a girl. Different emotions are elicited from different people based on different assumptions they hold(from 'eye for eye' to 'killing is wrong') or different experiences they have gone through or genetics differences. Some might get pleasure in watching a person die while some may get sick of it. Some might be indifferent. Because people are a mixture of genetic material, culture and unique experiences in their lives. Value judgments are always generated by individual upon the nature. It is never the other way around.

However if you say that what majority may feel can be considered as desired or right emotion, then it is not really science. Because scientific truths are not determined by majority votes but by the outcomes of experiments. Even if one experiment shows that it is false, then the hypotheses is wrong and has to be changed. With morals, which are generated by individuals, generalized valid hypothesis can never be made. That is reason why science of morals is quite different from science of physics. The hypothesis 'Murder is wrong' is same as 'Hot water is right'. Even if more people people prefer hot water to bath or drink, or if science shows hot water is good for health, doesn't make it right if you are drinking hot water just for the pleasure of it, not for any health benefits. So the desired outcome is what makes the actions right or wrong. Rationality or science can reveal nothing more of it. Whether Murder is right or wrong action to do, depends on your desired outcome...

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