Critique of Communism in Animal Farm by George Orwell

1284 words - 5 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed
VIEW DOCUMENT
Preview

Karl Marx’s perfect society described in his Communist Manifesto is in direct conflict with the implementation of Soviet Communism, which was scathingly criticized by George Orwell’s book Animal Farm. Karl Marx believed that in order to form a just and equal society, the working class, called the proletariat, would have to overthrow those who owned the means of production, who were known as the bourgeoisie. This was to be known as the Proletariat Revolution where the oppressed laborers in capitalist societies, such as England, would unite under a common cause to overthrow the oppressive bourgeoisie, and establish a communist society. This would be a society where all were equal, each performing to his ability, and each receiving according to his needs. A dictatorship would be necessary at first to get the ball rolling, but would eventually voluntarily give up power, as it would no longer be needed. However, this was never destined to be. The rise of the Soviet Union was a testament to this, brilliantly depicted and condemned by George Orwell.

Marx ended the Communist Manifesto with the fighting words “WORKING MEN OF ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE!” (Marxism, 44). This was to be the inspiration for the proletariat to band together and realize that they were being oppressed by the bourgeoisie. After they realize this, they would rebel, in which a revolution would take place where the proletariat would be victorious over the bourgeoisie. Old Major, the eldest pig in Animal Farm was the animal recreation of Karl Marx. He professed, “Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend” (Orwell, 31). In this case, man is the bourgeoisie and the animals are the proletariat. Both Karl Marx and Old Major incited an overthrow of their respective oppressors. By the time of the revolution, Old Major was dead, much like Karl Marx was dead during the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Fortunately for them, they never got to see their systems go amiss, as they did on Animal Farm and in the Soviet Union.

In Animal Farm, and in the Soviet Union, both regimes after the revolution stuck pretty closely with the ideals of Communism (Animalism as it was called to the inhabitants of Animal Farm). Unfortunately, things quickly collapsed. In the beginning, the animals worked together and they lived a life they had never before lived. None of the animals went to the slaughterhouse, and each got adequate amounts of food. Napoleon and Snowball represented the Soviet Union’s Lenin and Trotsky, respectively. Napoleon was “leader” of the revolution, but was still a comrade like all the other animals. Snowball was enthusiastic about Animalism and stuck to the ideals. After a while, Napoleon had a change of heart, and did not seem to like Snowball’s enthusiasm. He was convicted of being a traitor and driven off the farm by Napoleon’s guard dogs. This is the same thing that happened to Trotsky in the Soviet Union. After Stalin came to power,...

Find Another Essay On Critique of Communism in Animal Farm by George Orwell

Animal Farm By George Orwell Essay

1063 words - 4 pages Animal Farm is a satirical story written in the form of an animal fable. The novel is an allegory of the period in Russian history between 1917 and 1944. In writing Animal Farm as a fable, George Orwell is able to present his subject in simple symbolic terms by treating the development of communism as a story that is taking place on a single farm with talking animals. The characters of Animal Farm represent figures in Russian history during...

Use of Propaganda in Animal Farm, by George Orwell

799 words - 3 pages Politics At Day, Lying At Night Have you ever been convinced by someone to do a chore, but you end up doing more than you expected? What about being told that doing homework helps you become smarter? These forms of propaganda persuade you to do/join something that you are interested in, but the result is not what you expected. The British author, George Orwell, who wrote 1984 and Animal Farm, was interested in showing the human tendency to get...

Animal Farm, by George Orwell

764 words - 3 pages Animal Farm Essay Have you ever thought you could trust someone with a very touchy subject, but they end up breaking your trust? This shows that you have to be careful who you are loyal to and where your trust lies. This theme is shown in great detail throughout the book Animal Farm, by George Orwell. Animal Farm, a fable about communism, tells the tale of some mistreated farm animals that revolt against their master, Mr. Jones, and take...

Animal Farm by George Orwell

665 words - 3 pages The thought provoking ‘Animal Farm’ by George Orwell is an interesting book that allegories the Russian Revolution. It reincarnates the main politicians of the Russian during that time and shows them as pigs on a farm called ‘Manor Farm’ although the pigs soon change the name to ‘Animal Farm’ when taking it over from the opprobrious Mr Jones. The pigs quickly become corrupted by their power and begin to bend their own rules and great ideas of...

Animal Farm, By George Orwell

1125 words - 5 pages in his own writing, if you were able to read it,” when Boxer throws a rebuttal to his statement (Orwell 80). One cannot help but to be fooled in this situation if illiterate. Deception, power, and manipulation are the aspects of language substantiated in Animal Farm. By fabricating with a precise and sensible illustration, language can be deceptive. Words can carry power or influence with the use of terse and persuasive dictions and repetition...

Animal Farm By George Orwell

1026 words - 4 pages Animal Farm begins as a vision of Utopia, perfect society but ends as a nightmare who is to blame for the betrayal of revolution? Animalism was, in its truest sense, a dream conjured by Old Major. He could never achieve his vision of Utopia. Throughout the satire, the pigs visibly taint Old Major's concept of equality. It is obvious to the readers from the very beginning, that the pigs would become corrupt. At the start of the satire...

"Animal Farm" By George Orwell.

2160 words - 9 pages Animal FarmAnimal Farm, by George Orwell, is based on the Russian Revolution. The utopia ideas are based on the ideas of Karl Marx's Communist Manifest. The characters are in fact based...

Animal Farm By George Orwell

758 words - 3 pages Animal Farm Napoleon was able to take command of animal farm using several different methods. He used the stupid animals like the sheep and the dogs, he uses snowball as a non-present "threat" by saying that he is to blame for vicious rumours sent round the farm, probably started by one of the pigs. He also uses the pigs to mingle with other animals and talk about how wonderful Napoleon is and how he is always right. Also he uses...

Animal Farm By: George Orwell

668 words - 3 pages Animal FarmSocial commentary is sometimes found at the heart of good art, whether that art form is literature or popular music. The novel, Animal Farm by...

"Animal Farm" By George Orwell

2796 words - 11 pages It was good, it was bad ; it was a dream, it was a nightmare; It was justice , it was injustice. When white becomes dark , pens try to enlighten the way for those who are strays. Orwell's pen was one of those pens. His masterpiece Animal Farm revealed the truth for the simple people who sacrificed every thing for nothing.In Animal Farm, George Orwell uses farm...

Animal Farm By George Orwell - 1971 words

1971 words - 8 pages Animal Farm by George Orwell Is Animal Farm by George Orwell merely a political argument or does it manage to entertain the reader as a story in itself In this Personal Study I shall be writing about how Animal Farm by George Orwell entertained me as a novel while putting over a political argument in the process. The opening chapter introduces the theme of revolution that dominates the whole novel, and aswell as...

Other Critique of Communism in Animal Farm by George Orwell Essays

Theme Of Power Corruption In Animal Farm, By George Orwell

1775 words - 7 pages Power can have the persuasive action in undoing the moral ethics of one’s character. This can be seen throughout history, such as World War II and proven by the actions of Napoleon in the allegory, Animal Farm, by George Orwell. As Lord Acton said “Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” In history what was viewed as a villain or wrong doer is never the same as the perception. A leader does not begin wanting to do wrong...

Foreshadowed Abuse Of Power In Animal Farm By George Orwell

756 words - 3 pages The abuse of power is foreshadowed several times in Animal Farm.First of all, you've got Napoleon. The...

Allegory In Animal Farm, By George Orwell

941 words - 4 pages through a window of the house: “it was impossible to say which was which”. This shows us that the pigs do not only copy Jones by the way they act but have also adopted his appearance as well. Their power has transformed them from liberators to dictators. George Orwell successfully shows us in “Animal Farm” that power is a very difficult thing to control. For ten years, Britain was forced to endure the Conservatives but then Tony Blair...

"Animal Farm" By George Orwell Essay

1021 words - 4 pages story in which figures and actions are symbols of general truths. George Orwell is an example of an author who uses allegory to show a social criticism effectively. As in his novel Animal Farm, Orwell makes a parody of Soviet Communism as demonstrated by Animal Farm's brutal totalitarian rule, manipulated and exploited working class, and the pigs' evolution into the capitalists they initially opposed...