Critique Of Milgram Essay

897 words - 4 pages

In Stanley Milgram?s article ?The Perils of Obedience?, the Yale Psychologist, he conducted the new experiments, which test how the ordinary people will reaction to commands of the obedience. Stanley Milgram taught and conducted research at Yale and Harvard universities and at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. According to his article, Obedience is essential in the structure of social life; as in the past as today and in the future. With out obedience the world is disorder, which everyone lives for himself or herself and nobody care about rules. In the experiment, he decided to know and analyze how the people would react in a situation when they obey even that they know result will hurt innocent stranger. He divides the article in four sections ?An Unexpected Outcome,? ?Peculiar Reactions,? ?The Etiquette of Submission,? and ?Duty without Conflict.? After Milgram published this article, there was two psychologist wrote the reviews expressing their opinion and their views about Milgram?s experiment. They both have common about ?ethic? issues. Baumrind said Milgrim?s work and felt that it was very unethical; on the other hand, Parker views Milgrim?s experiment as not entirely lawful, but Parker see the value that Milgrim?s experiment.In the basic experimental of Milgram, two people come to a psychology laboratory with two different roles. They pick from large general public. One of them is designated as a ?teacher? and the other a ?learner.? The learner seated in electric chair; the part of the teacher was the real focus of the experiment. The teacher will be read lists of simple word pairs, and then test to remember the second word of a pair, if the teacher gives incorrect answers then the learner will receive steadily increasing electrical shocks. The shocks were ranged from 15 to 450 volts. The whole point of the experiment is to see how much ordinary person can obey with proceed in increasing pain on a protesting victims.An unexpected outcome in Milgram?s experiment, with various people all of them predicted that they are not going the protested and refuse with the experimenter. Some of people were mad and angry. But surprisingly about 60 percent of them were fully obedient continue the shock. For example, Fred Prozi, different case, at first he doesn?t want to continue with the experiment. He doesn?t want to take any responsibility for the Learner. When he gets shock up to 450 volts. But he continues answer the question with angry attitude.During the thirty experiment, the average shock used was less than 60 volts. According to Milgram, the people were in some sense against what they did to the learner, and others protested even...

Find Another Essay On Critique of Milgram

Critique of Psychological Experiments and Subjects

2118 words - 8 pages prison to the very experiences of our own and the "prison of the mind" that we daily create, populated, and perpetuate. However the mock prison is not like a real prison for Zimbardo to conclude by relating his results to real life situations. This makes some readers to argue and to disprove his claim.Diana Baumrind, a psychologist and an author of the article "The Review of the Stanley Milgram Experiment on Obedience" likely did just that. Baumrind

Reality and Illusion in Shakespeare's Hamlet - Reality, Appearance and Deception

896 words - 4 pages Reality and Illusion in Hamlet   Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, begins with the appearance of a ghost, an apparition, possibly a hallucination. Thus, from the beginning, Shakespeare presents the air of uncertainty, of the unnatural, which drives the action of the play and develops in the protagonist as a struggle to clarify what only seems to be absolute and what is actually reality. Hamlet's mind, therefore, becomes the central force of the

Sub-plots in Hamlet

1118 words - 4 pages Sub-plots in Hamlet   There are many things that critics say make Hamlet a "Great Work," one of which is the way that Shakespeare masterfully incorporates so many sub-plots into the story, and ties them all into the main plot of Hamlet’s revenge of his father’s murder. By the end of Act I, not only is the main plot identified, but many other sub-plots are introduced. Among the sub-plots are trust in the Ghost of King Hamlet, Fortinbras

Hamlet as Victim and Hero

1301 words - 5 pages Hamlet as Victim and Hero      Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, a Shakespearean tragedy, tells the story of Prince Hamlet, who gained the knowledge of a terrible incident that his kingdom had suffered. Claudius, the king of Denmark and Hamlet's uncle, had killed his own brother, the king, who was also the father of Hamlet, and married his brother's widow. Hamlet suffered these traumas to a severe degree, and his only relief was to defeat his

Essay on Light and Dark in Antigone

1188 words - 5 pages Use of Light and Dark in Antigone   The "Golden Age" of Greece is noted for its many contributions to the creative world, especially in its development of the play. These performances strived to emphasize Greek morals, and were produced principally for this purpose. Antigone, by Sophocles, is typical. The moral focused on in Antigone is the conflict between physis (nature) and nomos (law), with physis ultimately presiding over nomos

charant Creon as the Main Character of Antigone

1231 words - 5 pages Creon as the Main Character of Antigone   Throughout the Greek play Antigone by Sophocles, there exists a dispute as to who should receive the designation of main character. Antigone, the daughter of the cursed King Oedipus, as well as Creon, stately king of Thebes, both appear as the key figures in this historic play. I believe that Creon, king of Thebes, should be considered the main character in this work of Greek theater. Three

Free Macbeth Essays: Sleep and Sleeplessness

525 words - 2 pages The Sleep and Sleeplessness Motif in Macbeth We have consciences that function to tell us the difference between right and wrong. If we have clear consciences, we usually possess the ability to sleep. But when our consciences are full of guilt, we experience a state of sleeplessness. In Macbeth, Shakespeare uses the sleep and sleeplessness motif to represent Macbeth's and Lady Macbeth's consciences and the effect Macbeth's conscience has

Life Outside of Life in Hawthorne’s Wakefield

898 words - 4 pages conflict. Furthermore, both points of view attack Wakefield for his insensitivity toward the good Mrs. Wakefield. In a critique and analysis of the work (which has only recently been granted the attention it so deserves), Agnes Donohue addresses Hawthorne’s "castigation of Wakefield" for not knowing his own unimportance by asking questions of an existentialist nature. She proposes expansions on E.A.Robinson’s central theme of "how little we have

Essay on Identity in Song of Solomon

2172 words - 9 pages Searching for Identity in Song of Solomon         Abstract: Whether Africans really fly or just escape a monumental burden, perhaps only through death, is a decision Toni Morrison has apparently left to her readers. Never the less, no matter what you believe, within Song of Solomon, the suggestion is, that in order to "fly" you must go back to the beginning, back to your roots. You must learn the "art" from the old messages.   O

The Character of Oedipus in Oedipus and The Infernal Machine

904 words - 4 pages The Character of Oedipus in Oedipus and The Infernal Machine    The stories of Oedipus, as told through Seneca's Oedipus and Cocteau's The Infernal Machine, contain both similarites and differences. Both authors portray the character of Oedipus as being obstinate, ignorant, and inquisitive. Yet Seneca and Cocteau differ on their interpretation of the motives that propelled these characteristics of Oedipus. Seneca portrays Oedipus as a

Okonkwo's Tragic Flaws in Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart

3121 words - 12 pages        An increasing amount of contemporary literature traces its origins back to the early works of Greece. For ages, humans have fascinated themselves with the impossible notion of perfection. Unrealistic expectations placed on those who were thought to be the noblest or most honorable individuals have repeatedly led to disappointment and frustration, either on the part of those particular individuals or those they influence. Classic

Similar Essays

The Evolution Of Ethics In Psychology

2152 words - 9 pages conditions of obedience and disobedience to authority” in the Journal Human Relations (Milgram, 1965). ​While the mainstream critique is that Milgram deceived his test-subjects in an all too obvious way, the deception cannot really account for the fact that Milgram’s subjects seem to disregard the multiple cues. Milgram’s critics disregard or misinterpret this desire not to know because they fail to understand that this exactly pertains to the

A Critique Of The Stanford Experiment

561 words - 2 pages A Critique Of the Stanford Experiment'The Education of a Torturer' is an account of experiments that has similar resultsto that of Milgram's obedience experimentsthat were performed in 1963. Though bothexperiments vary drastically, both have one grim outcome, that is that, 'it is ordinarypeople, not psychopaths, who become the Eichmanns of history.'The Stanford experiment was performed by psychologists Craig Haney, W. CurtisBanks, and Philip

Nietzsche’s Take On Religion Essay

865 words - 4 pages priestly classes of the ancient world invented an evaluative system for the downtrodden, according to which what their masters considered virtues, such as pride and strength are evil(Milgram 93). A result of this is this pervasive feeling of self guilt when our natural instincts provoke such feelings from within us, which has a negative impact on our mental health (Janaway). Nietzsche’s critique of religion has a lot of merit. To use an example

Are Criminals Born Or Made? Essay

1903 words - 8 pages twisting the results of his investigation to make them conform to his bias.” (Mannheim, 1965, p.228) whereby casting doubt on the credence of Goring's work, which was undeniably, based on easily-manipulated quantitative research methods, and subsequently lacked both internal and external validity. In addition to a critique based on potentially flawed research methods of either side of the biological debate, it is apparent that the definition