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Critique Of Quantitative Research Article Essay

790 words - 4 pages

Dr. Karrie Hendrickson published an article in 2009 analyzing patterns of hospital resource utilization of children with leukemia and CNS tumors. Dr. Hendrickson used quantitative research as her means of analysis. In her article, Dr. Hendrickson specifies the population as children ages 0 to 19 years diagnosed with cancer at a large north-eastern hospital between fiscal years 2000 and 2004. Specifically, she focused on children diagnosed with leukemia and CNS tumors, as these account for about 50% of deaths of children with cancer each year. The article clearly identifies the variables as well as the relationship between the variables such as relationship between PICU admissions and ...view middle of the document...

Dr. Hendrickson notes that this is likely due to the fact that children with CNS tumors were most commonly in the PICU following surgery on operable tumors, while children with leukemia were more commonly in the PICU as a result of oncologic emergencies.
Dr. Hendrickson’s hypothesis is that, “Determining the best use of limited financial resources and preparing children and their parents for what to expect requires a better understanding of the patterns and cost of hospital resource utilization by children with cancer.” This is consistent with the problem statement that follows, “The purpose of this study was to describe the patterns and financial cost of hospital resource utilization by children with leukemia and CNS tumors during the first 3 years after diagnosis.”
The sample size was 223 children, ages 0 to 19 years, who had a first contact for treatment for leukemia or CNS tumor at the clinical site between 2000 and 2004. The findings of the study, including race, ethnicity, survival rates, were on target with national averages, which proves the sample size was sufficient, the sample is representative of the target population, and the selection biases are controlled.
Quantitative analysis was clearly the appropriate choice for accurately demonstrating the problem set forth by the hypothesis. Dr. Hendrickson notes that she used bivariate analyses, including ANOVA, T-test, and chi-square, to determine differences in hospital resource utilization. Additionally, threats to internal validity are minimized as there is no room for bias as...

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