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Critique Of The Gifted And Talented Evaluation Scales

1019 words - 5 pages

Introduction
The Gifted and Talented Evaluation Scales (GATES) are considered as an efficient method for schools and school districts to screen large groups of students at one time for their gifted and talented educational programs. Labeled as psychometrically sound, GATES utilizes a standardized rating scale that measures the individualities of gifted and talented students within a school setting (GATES - complete kit: Gifted and talented evaluation scales). The GATES was introduced in 1995 on a national sample of more than 1,000 persons who were recognized as gifted and talented. Since then research has shown that the internal consistency and test-retest reliabilities produce high (.90+) ...view middle of the document...

The GATES is a norm-referenced test designed to evaluate the characteristics of students who are gifted and talented. This test is based on a five-tiered scale of 1) intellectual ability, 2) academic skills, 3) creativity, 4) leadership, and 5) artistic talent. The Gifted and Talented Evaluation Scales can be used with confidence to:
1. identify persons who are gifted and talented
2. document progress as a consequence of special intervention programs and
3. measure changes in behavior in research projects.
The Gifted and Talented Evaluation Scales (GATES) test measures one’s general intellectual ability, academic skills, creativity, leadership and artistic talent. It is comprised of a behavioral checklist to determine giftedness and talentedness. The test has been normed on over 1000 subject previously identified as gifted and talented. The sample covered 32 states and Canada. The five-tiered scale is a total of 50 items. These items are based on the federal guidelines of gifted and talented students.
Intellectual ability measures general intellect by assessing one’s ability to make quick and valid generalization and solving more difficult and unique problems (Jarosewich, Pfeiffer, & Morris, 2002). Academic skills are assessed by requiring one to learn information and skill with little preparation, which requires self-motivation to become skilled. The creativity test ranges from choosing original methods to producing original or unusual methods to critical thinking. Leadership skills are also evaluated, as well as artistic talent. Leadership is assessed by one’s ability to actively participate in group settings and influence others; artistic expression is assessed on the student’s performance in the visual and performing arts.
The GATES contains a manual and 50 response/summary forms. The manual also contains directions on how to administer, score, and interpret the tests. The gifted and talented evaluation scales (GATES) test assesses children ranging from the ages of five to eighteen. After measuring to see if they are gifted and talented; candidates normally receive a specialized academic education to further develop their individual skills. The identification process used includes a broad-based nomination of students for the gifted and talented education program, multi-dimensional screenings, and...

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