Crito By Plato Essay

881 words - 4 pages


Crito
By Plato

     
     Plato's Crito takes place after Socrates is condemned to death and sitting in his jail cell. Crito is Socrates' good friend and has come to visit Socrates in the hopes of convincing his old friend to escape. But Socrates logically refutes Crito's argument.
     Crito begins his argument by bringing bad news to Socrates, relating to him that the ship from Delos is approaching and, with it, the hour of his mandated death. Socrates seems resigned to his fated death, but Crito attempts to persuade him to allow his friends to help him escape prison and flee Athens. Crito fears that others will begin to criticize Socrates' disciples for not rescuing their great leader. But Socrates says that, like he has said so many times before, the popular opinion of others does not concern him, only with that of the Gods does he concern himself. He advises his friend to do the same. Crito then, in response to this, says that Socrates must escape in order to ensure that their father properly educate his sons. Socrates goes on to argue that the advice of one individual, namely God, should be heeded much more than the advice of countless ignorant people, namely Athens' as a whole. In this way, he proves to Crito that popular opinion is irrelevant.
     Socrates also makes the point that it is better to do right than wrong, no matter what the circumstances. He felt that, although the jurors wronged him by unjustly condemning him, it would still be wrong to violate the laws by escaping. He goes on to say that he does not believe in consciously doing wrong to others as a means of retaliation and that it would indeed undermine his whole life's work. Socrates does not blame the laws which sentenced him, but the people. He goes on to tell Crito that the law has already given him a long and successful life. He explains that he actually owes the city much for his life. He believes that he has a contract with Athens, which would be broken, if he dodged his death. It was under the city's laws that his parents were married and he was born. Then the laws allowed him to get educated. In acknowledgement to all that the city has done for him, he must sacrifice his life as an example of obedience to the law.
     Also, Socrates refuses to allow the trite motive of retaliation dictate his behavior, since he believes that revenge is immoral. He goes on to ask Crito what good would a society be with laws if anyone could simply ignore them when the outcome does...

Find Another Essay On Crito by Plato

ESSAY 1

778 words - 3 pages judge otherwise.To persuade the law in Crito means to convince the court that one is innocent. "You must either persuade it or obey its orders, and endure in silence what it instructs you to endure, whether blows or bonds, and if it leads you into war to be wounded or killed you must obey" (Plato, Crito, Grube). Socrates gives good reason as to why it is essential to obey the law whether innocent or guilty by injustice. Socrates choosing to obey

Exploration of Civil Disobedience in Sophocles' Antigone, King's Letter from Birmingham Jail, and Plato's From Crito

579 words - 2 pages Exploration of Civil Disobedience in Sophocles' Antigone, King's Letter from Birmingham Jail, and Plato's From Crito Civil disobedience spawns a major and widely debated issue by many who established by well-known intelligent scholars and many examples of civil disobedience become displayed. The acts of civil disobedience can be noted in major works such as Sophocles?s Antigone, King?s ?Letter from Birmingham Jail?, or even from Plato?s

Personal Socrates.

1474 words - 6 pages In “Crito” by Plato, Socrates and Crito are having an intimate conversation about reasons why Socrates should escape. Socrates is charged on corrupting the minds of the youth in Athens. Crito, who is Socrates student and close friend, tries to persuade him to escape because he did not believe Socrates committed any actual crime. Socrates believes that if the government is punishing him because he broke a commandment; then he did perhaps

Compare and Contrast

717 words - 3 pages of years apart from each other, both pieces pose a deeper more spiritual form of justice than any man-made law can attempt to justify; and both men would respectively rather die than escape and stay in jail than truly turn their back on justice. . Socrates is imprisoned and sentenced to death for breaking Athenian law by “corrupting the youth” and “preaching about false gods”(Plato). His faithful follower Crito has to his aid and wants to free

Socrates

1114 words - 4 pages In Crito, Plato recounts the last days of Socrates, immediately before his execution was to take place in Athens. In the dialogue, Socrates’ pupil, Crito, proposes that Socrates escape from prison. Socrates considers this proposal, trying to decide whether escaping would be “just” and “morally justified.” Eventually, Socrates concludes that the act is considered “unjust” and “morally unjustified.” Socrates then decides to accept his fate and

Human Wisdom and Virtue in Plato's Apopogy.

1361 words - 5 pages deflating ones pride and self-confidence. To attempt to seek knowledge by questioning is virtuous and in doing so brings a person closer to human wisdom. Wisdom and virtue are closely related in that you cannot have virtue if you do not have the wisdom to know what virtue is. Socrates admits that he does not know what virtue is yet in the Crito he claims to have a voice that speaks to him and tells him what is right and wrong. Socrates is describing a

Crito

1573 words - 6 pages Socrates has been accused of corrupting the youth by Meletus and has been sentenced to death. He has thoroughly justified his own decision to obey the opinions of the majority and serve out the sentence that his own city has deemed appropriate for his crimes. At the beginning of this piece, Socrates has presented a period of questions and answers through dialogue with Crito. Throughout the dialogue Socrates is explaining his reasoning for not

Plato

1049 words - 4 pages Megara where he stayed with Euclid for three years (Havelock 10). The years directly after Plato had been separated from Socrates he spent most of his time doing works heavily influenced by Socrates. In fact three of Plato’s earliest dialogues, (The Apology, Crito, and Euthyphron), were devoted entirely to the trial, prison days, and the ultimate death of Socrates (Friedlander 13). Plato traveled to many different philosophers that lived

Plato's Republic

1860 words - 7 pages Critics of The Republic, Plato's contribution to the history of political theory, have formed two distinct opinions on the reasoning behind the work. The first group believes that The Republic is truly a model for a political society, while the other strongly objects to that, stating it as being far too fantastic for any society to operate successfully by these suggested methods. In an exchange between Crito and Dionysius, this argument is first

Apology and the Crito Comparison

857 words - 3 pages he would pay for it. Since he could not be prosecuted solely based on his method, charges of corrupting the youth and of blasphemy were fabricated against him. The humiliation he inflicted was never intentional, but it angered everyone nonetheless. Plato, Socrates’ greatest student, witnessed the trial and narrated it the Apology; the aftermath is noted in the Crito. Socrates seemingly takes on a different stance in each of these stories in

What is Philosophy? according to Plato, Pieper, and Thoreau.

1293 words - 5 pages illustrates Socrates thinking regarding his willingness to drink poison as ordered by the court, the Crito may best illustrate his philosophy regarding his view of life. When Crito (Socrates' friend) brings word that Socrates must die within a few days, he urges him to escape. But Socrates refuses saying that he cannot go against the decisions of the law anytime such decision does not suit him or else there would be an end to law. Justice is and must

Similar Essays

Crito By Plato, Why Socrates Should Escape, Why Socrates Shouldnt Escape.

1583 words - 6 pages Plato creates a dialogue in the Critobetween Socrates, who faces a death sentence, and Crito, Socrates? distressed friend. Crito has come to persuade Socratesto escape death and flee Athens, but Socratesconvinces his friend that complying with the death sentence is more important than any of Crito?s concerns. Plato uses this dialogue to introduce his views on justice and the relationship between citizens and the laws of their state. Because

Plato "Crito" Essay

1204 words - 5 pages The Injustice of the AtheniansThe story Crito written by Plato discusses the conversation between two friends the night before Socrates is to be executed. Moreover, the theme of this debate that Socrates will engage in with his confidant Crito is whether it is acceptable for a just man to break out of jail to avoid his demise. This is an example of a civil disobedience. The question I will answer is what is gratitude? Does Socrates think part of

"The Greek Authors Were The Pioneers Of Modern Day Literature" Discuss This In Relevence Of Texts You Have Studied. Text We Studied ~Homer The Iilad Book 22 ~Sopohcles King Oedipus ~Plato Crito

738 words - 3 pages celebratory feasting, drinking, dancing, worship and entertainment would occur. The Greeks valued entertainment. The works of Sophocles also show this - the works of Sophocles are in themselves a form of entertainment, as are the works of Homer - poems, sung by a bards and such.The Greeks also placed a large amount of value upon the Gods. The Gods were a beautiful fiction, seeming at first childish, but then we realise that they were in fact one

Plato’s Crito: The Last Days Of Socrates

1480 words - 6 pages As Socrates awaits his upcoming execution; he is visited before dawn by a close old friend Crito. Crito has made arrangements to help Socrates escape from prison. Socrates is grateful to his old friend for his willing to help aide him in the escape. However, Socrates is quite willing to await his execution. Crito tries to change Socrates mind about escaping by presenting him with several arguments. The first is that if Socrates choices to stay