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Crohns Disease Essay

1185 words - 5 pages

Crohn's Disease
Crohn's disease is the generic name for regional enteritis, which is a type of Irritable Bowel Disease. The initial onset of this disease is between the ages of 15 to 30 years old with about 4 out of 1000 people being affected (CDC, 2014). The CDC (2014) also states that the United States has a “1.7 billon dollar” annual financial burden resulting from ”700,000 physician visits, 100,000 hospitalizations, and disability in 119,000 patients” yearly. There is presently no cure for Crohn's, although certain medications and treatments have been proven to take the disease into remission. Crohn’s disease is a realitivly new disease, without a cure, than can be controlled and let ...view middle of the document...

Current research also studied environmental factors which are the everyday objects and locations that people routinely use. Studies show that the disease is more prevalent in richer socioeconomic areas, America and Europe, rather than Asia and Africa. It is also stated that the diet also has a factor in Crohn's disease, which also may be the reason certain parts of the world have more cases than others due to the availability and quality of food.
Signs and Symptoms
Because Crohn's disease involves the digestive tract, signs and symptoms to watch for are often common with many other digestive illnesses as well. This is one of the reasons why it can be hard to initially figure out what is wrong with the patient without going through many tests and imaging procedures. Diarrhea is considered one of the most common symptoms and is frequently made worse by common treatments for Crohn's. Abdominal pain is often associated with the injury to the intestinal wall after the disease breaks it down. After the bowels have been worn down, there is also a chance for bloody fecal matter. With all these signs and symptoms happening to a person, one might also see a reduction in weight or appetite due to feelings of nausea or that food may cause increased symptoms.
Treatments
As with any disease the doctor is going to treat the condition by making the person affected feel better first. Commonly a doctor would prescribe medication to stop the diarrhea and reduce the pain as it is needed. Once the patient and doctor are able to control the initial symptoms they will then be able to focus on the disease itself. There is currently no natural medications that work well with either Crohns or Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Thereputic Research Center, 2014).
Crohn’s being in the irritable or inflammatory bowel disease family, one common treatment is the administration of drugs called anti-inflammatories. Presently the standard inflammatory used is Prednesone. This is because the drug acts as a mild immunity suppressant as well.
If the Crohn's disease is in full swing often a physician may look at t-cell blocking (TNF) medications such as Humira and Remecade (Zonderman, 200, p.58). T-cells are white blood cells made in the thyroid that take care of the immune system. Attacking the t-cells, which are thought to be a cause of Crohn's, open the doors for other diseases to enter the body(Zonderman,...

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