Police corruption is a universal concept when it comes to law enforcement. Every country deals with its own form of corruption; from the drug trade in South America and Mexico to the prostitution rings in Europe, it is guaranteed that police departments are on someone’s payroll. Corruption, generally defined as abuse of authority for private gain, is among the world’s oldest practices and a fundamental cause of intrastate conflict, providing a focal point for many social groups’ grievances against governments (Bayley & Perito).Corruption has become an epidemic in policing, and is impeding community policing. Sir Robert Peel was credited with the concept that the police depend on citizen cooperation in providing services in a democratic society (Martin). However, many citizens especially in urban lower income areas do not trust police and majority refuse to cooperate or associate with officer whether crooked or not. In some cases, policing has become ineffective because of the crooked and corrupt ones who use tactics that wastes resources, weaken security, and make a mockery of the justice system.
Police forces are usually the first line of law and government civilian have interactions and contact. Public trust in law enforcement is necessary in order for a government to succeed. However, Transparency International reported that police in eighty-six countries were judged the fourth most corrupt public institution after political parties, public officials such as parliaments and legislature (Bayley & Perito). This has a direct correlation to civil liberties and quality of life in those countries, because the ones who are suppose to represent and protect the citizens care more about themselves and usually extort civilians of what little money and freedoms they do have.
In many countries, especially in the Middle East, police forces are seen as more of a threat than the terrorist groups. In Afghanistan, illegal sales of opium have sparked massive corruption. Bribes for protecting drug traffickers as well as selling senior level police positions to people involved in the drug trade has become common. The police are identified with demands for bribes, illegal taxes, and various kinds of human rights violations. They also use house searches to shake down occupants and steal their possessions (Bayley & Perito). This makes diplomatic relations very difficult; by having drug lords as top officials in a police force that America is trying to establish makes trust and information sharing impossible. This could also have detrimental effects with the people of Afghanistan and the American trying to establish a law enforcement presence. Citizen could feel that America is behind the corruption and lean toward radical groups such as the Taliban for their protection. This would produce a higher death toll in a region where citizens work with the Taliban to kill American soldiers or official put in a position established by America...