This story Animal Farm by George Orwell is a novel about an animal revolution over an oppressive farmer. The irony in the story comes when the pigs turn into the very thing revolted against. They exhibit the same cruelty by treating the other animals the same or even worse than previous owners. This cycle of cruelty is shown in the Russian revolution by Joseph Stalin who is represented by Napoleon in the story. Cruelty in animal farm is shown by the human’s treatment of the animals, and the animal’s eventual treatment of each other and the ironic characteristics of the two.
After the Animal Revolution the pigs take the initiative and place themselves in charge because of their claim of having higher intelligence. Over time this power begins to distort the basis of their revolt by recreating the same social situation they were previously in. “When the pigs takeover they claim that their goal is to preside a farm of equal animals, all working together to support one another, yet power quickly proves too much for a pig.” Though the animals originally took over the farm to increase the animal’s independence as a whole, because of the pig’s superiority they soon take the place of the humans further limiting their independence.
The idea of totalitarianism that is shown in Animal Farm is represented by the pigs treatment of the other animals. The pigs start off treating the other animals as equals but as their hunger for power increased they began to differentiate themselves from them. According to the facts on file companion to the British novel: 20th Century, vol.2 “They allocate the food that all the animals help to growing an unequal manner, reserving the milk for their own exclusive use.” (British novel: 20th Century, vol.2) Because the pigs felt that they were more powerful than the other animals they gave themselves benefits that only the pigs could use.
Because of this, the pigs become more like the humans, they begin treating the other animals the same or even worse as before. “The pigs become more psychologically and even physically indistinguishable from the humans” (excerpted article Magill’s Survey of literature revised edition). The pigs begin to take on the characteristics of Mr. Jones which they were started off being against ironically becoming exactly that. As shown in the novel, “Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike. No question, now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to man, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.” (Orwell 139). This also proves that as the pigs gain as much power as the humans, they became ultimately indistinguishable from them.
Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky, who are represented by Napoleon and Snowball, become the leaders. “The struggle for preeminence between Leon Trotsky and Stalin emerges in the rivalry between the pigs Snowball and Napoleon. In both the historical and...