WORLD HISTORY ESSEY
WORLD HISTORY ESSEY
Describe the cause, course, and consequences of the Crusades.� Explain why the Crusades happened.� Describe what happened during the Crusades.� Assess the consequences of the Crusades.� Were the consequences negative, positive, or both?� Consider short-term and long-term consequences.
Wars between religions have been always rude, long and painful. Every religion that came wanted to convince people that, that religion was the best in order to put people in the right track. Because God sent religions to direct people in the way that they should follow in order to be honest. But people deviated religions. People, changed the real meaning of religion based on their interests, and this was the cause of numerous wars. Two most powerful religions Muslim and Christian were in war because of that, those wars were called Crusades. The medieval "Crusade" was a holy war. For a conflict to be officially considered a Crusade, it had to be sanctioned by the pope and conducted against groups seen as enemies of Christendom. Initially, only those expeditions to the Holy Land (Jerusalem and associated territory) were considered Crusades. More recently, historians have also recognized campaigns against heretics, pagans and Muslims in Europe as Crusades.In the year 1095, people were shocked in Western Europe by the words of Pope Urban II, "The Muslims have conquered Jerusalem".� Pope Urban wanted the Christians to retake Jerusalem from the Muslims. People shouted "God wills it". All over France these were the warring words of the Christians. After Crusades that were harmful, long and caused because of greed, a lot of consequences were left behind some good some bad, but those wars are known as some of most painful wars of all history.
The First Crusade played a very important part in Medieval England. It was an attempt to re-capture Jerusalem. After the capture of Jerusalem by the Muslims in 1076, any Christian who wanted to pay a pilgrimage to the city faced a very hard time. Muslim soldiers made life very difficult for the Christians and trying to get to Jerusalem was filled with danger for a Christian. This greatly angered all Christians.One Christian - called Alexius I of Constantinople - feared that his country might also fall to the Muslims as it was very close to the territory captured by the Muslims. Constantinople is in modern day Turkey. Alexius called on the pope - Urban II - to give him help.In 1095, Urban spoke to a great crown at Clermont in France. He called for a war against the Muslims so that Jerusalem was regained for the Christian faith. In his speech he said: Those who volunteered to go to fight the Muslims cut out red crosses and sewed them on their tunics. The French word...