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Cuba In The Cold War Term Paper

2454 words - 10 pages

On April 17, 1961 one of the greatest foreign policy mistakes of the Cold War was made, the attempted invasion of the Bay of Pigs, Cuba. The failed invasion happened under the administration of John F. Kennedy and caused the deaths and imprisonment of over 1500 Cuban exiles fighting to over throw the rule of Fidel Castro. The aftermath caused much larger impacts towards United States foreign policy. The invasion made the United States look imperialistic to the rest of the world and allowed the Soviet Union to portray America as an aggressive and hostile country to its neighbors, which in turn allowed the Soviet Union to aid Cuba even more for future affairs. The Bay of Pigs also caused President Kennedy to distrust many of his advisers from the CIA for misinforming him. The CIA led him to believe the invasion would be over quickly and successfully after Kennedy had only been in office for three months. This distrust of his advisers certainly affected how Kennedy acted in future crises involving both Cuba and the USSR. This of course leads the question did the Kennedy Administration act appropriately for the Bay of Pigs invasion and how did the outcome affect United States foreign policy with Cuba and USSR?
Fidel Castro was a growing issue towards the US. Castro was the communist prime minister of Cuba. He rose to power through the Cuban Revolution in 1953 and ruled Cuba under communist philosophies. Fidel Castro was also threat to the United States national security because of his affiliation with the Soviet Union and his alliance with Nikita Khrushchev. There was rising tensions between the US and Castro's government because American owned oil companies which were operating in Cuban territory refused to produce crude oil for the Soviet Union. Castro seized all United States refineries within Cuba’s border and put them under the control of the Cuban government. In response the United States cut off imports of certain Cuban goods. This back and forth between the US and Castro resulted in a complete embargo on all imports and exports from Cuba, the loss of all American owned land in Cuba and increased the tension between the two countries. The United States attempted to assassinate Castro eight times between 1960 and 1965. These attempts involved putting chemicals in his cigars to get him sick, poison pills, even using thallium salts to make his beard fall out. These attempts made relations with Castro even worse, he became even more anti-capitalist and resulted in his alliance with the USSR to strengthen.
Only two months after Kennedy took office in 1961 the CIA, specifically Allen Dulles the CIA’s director, came to him with the plan to train hundreds of Cuban exiles to invade Cuba and occupy the capitol Havana. This plan was already approved by Kennedy’s predecessor Eisenhower. The exiles had already been training in Florida in guerilla warfare for months and over thirteen million dollars had already been allocated for the mission. The plan...

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