Cuba’s Break For Change Essay

1091 words - 4 pages

The Cuban Revolution was not an ordinary war for the Cuban people. The revolution brought the end of a brutal dictatorship ran by Fulgenico Batista. The Cuban Revolution brought change to the economic, cultural, political and social dimensions of Cuba. The revolution enlightened the Cuban people on how their country was being run. After the revolution, Cuba was faced with many changes and reforms, trying to decide how they wanted their country to be like. Reform after reform, some say they never did get it right. The future of Cuba relied on the hands of its people and now dictator, Fidel Castro, as they fought against Batista’s brutal regime.
After the revolution, the political aspect of Cuba was changed. Fidel Castro, the new leader of Cuba, changed things fast but did not think about the later consequences. “…the most difficult obstacle facing the transition is the absence of political organizations…” (Centeno, Font 24). The leaders of Cuba did not want to realize that their crisis revolved around politics instead of the economy. Leaders did not recognize this big problem in trying to become a sovereign nation. As a socialist nation, Cuba did recognize the rights of its citizens after the revolution. Although the armed forces, government and foreign policies changed , Castro lead his own leadership, Thomas, Fautoil and Weiss explain in their book, “…with its emphasis on highly centralized authority and ambitious foreign policy objectives, remains the dominant feature in Cuban politics.”(19). Cuba has been organized to be a big military state but as time goes, Cuba changed the structure of the political system but did not change the foundation of Castro’s leadership. The Cuban government, right now, is holding its own but leaders do not want to start putting reforms out. As Centeno and Font state, “Although Cuban leaders will not initiate political reforms, circumstances might convince them to the contrary” (37).
Economic status took a turn for the worse under Castro’s leadership. Castro failed to change the flaws in the economy. Before the revolution, Cuba’s main source of economic stability was sugar production and trading with the United States. “Finally, growing inflation, trade deficits, and external debts are features of Castro’s Cuba” (Thomas, Fauriol, Weiss 21). Cuba did continue to produce and trade sugar and accounted for 83 percent of trade but sugar prices often were up and down. Cuba had to rely on aid from the Soviet Union to balance out the economy. When Cuba sided with the Soviet Union, the United States pulled out of their trade, which was one of Cuba’s main markets for sugar export. Castro’s plan to diversify agriculture and industrial for sugar did not go as planned because of his bad planning strategies. Not all of Cuba’s economic problems were because of the lack of sugar trade, another was unemployment. Employment fell because of the revolution which took a toll on the standard of living. Mesa-Lago states in his...

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