Cuban And Chinese Revolution C Essay

1731 words - 7 pages

In A Dictionary of Sociology, Gordon Marshall defines rebellion/revolution as "Relatively rare but historically important events in which an entire social and political order is overturned, usually by violent means." He continues to say that while a rebellion is only the replacement of one ruling group by another, a revolution also has the new governing elite making fundamental changes. Both the Chinese Revolution of 1949 and the Cuban Revolution of 1959 completely fit the definition of a full revolution. Of course, while revolutions often originally have the best interests of the people in mind, corruption and power madness quickly leave the hosts of the former rulers to infect the "people's" revolutionary. China had a Nationalist government. The government was a one party dictatorship. Opposed to the Nationalists was the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). This was because the CCP was given no say in the governing of the country. In addition, because the Nationalists' leader, Chiang Kai-Shek, had the CCP forced from membership in the ruling body. Before they were completely wiped out, the CCP took to the rural areas of the country where they rallied peasant support. The Nationalist party had severely limits to its power because of this opposition and Japanese aggression.Chiang was constantly trying to wipe out the communists, and because of this he often submitted to Japanese demands. This did not make the people happy, and so they turned to the communists. In 1934, Chiang forced the communists to leave their bases. During what became known as the Long March, Mao Zedong became leader of the CCP. The Japanese continued to take over parts of China, but Chiang ignored them and focused on the communists. Many students and intellectuals protested Chiang's cowardice. Dissatisfaction spread, and the army turned on Chiang. They kidnapped him and released him only when he promised to end the civil war to form a united front against the Japanese.War broke out with the Japanese, leading to World War II. While the Nationalists' backs were turned, the CCP had plenty of time to expand and begin social revolution in most rural areas. By the time the war ended, the Nationalists were weakened, and the CCP was quite powerful. Their now superior military turned the tide, and the CCP easily took over. On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed establishment of the People's Republic of China. Chiang turned tail and fled to Taiwan.The CCP promised many social reforms, and delivered on these promises. The Chinese people were happy, for a time. In the early 1960s, the economy became badly disorganized, and industrial production dropped by as much as 50 percent. As the Cold War ended, Soviet assistance also ceased. China deteriorated to the state it is in today.Personal freedom is taboo, and personal thought is unheard of. While the country may be unified under one government, the people have very little say in that government. Ideas are met with artillery, and...

Find Another Essay On Cuban and chinese revolution c

The role of Che Guevara in the cuban revolution. Description and analysis of Che Guevara (the legendary guerilla fighter) who helped Fidel Castro take over power in Cuba

917 words - 4 pages held various positions of influence. Guevara's impact on the success of the Cuban revolution was a result of his tactical genius, experience in guerrilla warfare, leadership and training of the guerrilla force and his socialist ideologies.Guevara's ideologies and tactical genius in the art of the guerrilla warfare played a vital role in the revolutions seizure of power in 1959. Since his meeting with Castro in Mexico, Guevara assumed a position

A report documenting early 20th century Chinese history using the movie "Farewell My Concubine" and Peking Opera as a reference point of how the arts were affected by the cultural revolution

958 words - 4 pages The movie "Farewell, My Concubine" is the story of two Chinese opera actors from the same theatre troupe whose lives are dramatically affected by the sweeping cultural changes that occurred in China during the early 20th century. The movie follows the lives of two actors, Duan Xiaolou and Cheng Dieyi, from the time they enter the troupe as child apprentices to the time of their reunion in 1977 and manages to tell the entire story of 20th century

What – and how great -- were the major environmental impacts of the industrial revolution on Australia in the 19th C (i.e. before about 1900 when

2584 words - 11 pages As observed by a contemporary W. Howitt, the diggers extensively felled down the trees near the gold mines, simply because they used the timber and bark to build huts or furniture that were needed. The impact on this was so severe that the editorial on 3rd October 1865 of the Age, said: If preservation of the woods be necessary in temperate regions, it is imperatively called for in a semi-tropical climate like our own, where the supply of

Historical and Contemporary Aspects of Food and Culture in America and the Influence of Cuban Cuisine

1392 words - 6 pages Cuisine Cubans is the third largest Hispanic community in the United States of America after the Mexicans and the Puerto Ricans. As early as 1870, Cubans migrated into America to escape Spanish rule. The Cuban revolution and the ascent of Fidel Castro to power led to an influx of Cuban immigrants to the United States. Cubans were given special status and granted automatic refugee status, and residency. Most immigrants settled in the southern

Sino-Cuban Fallouts and Make-Ups

1739 words - 7 pages toward Chinese ideology. Despite this resistance, Castro was able to relate to China due to their shared “Third World roots.” (Ratliff, 209) They were also unified by China’s “enthusiasm…for the revolutionary example” that Cubans had given Latin America in their ongoing struggle against United States imperialism. (Ratliff, 209) Despite this initial unity, many key differences emerged between the Chinese and Cuban road to revolution. The first

Cuban Film Industry

1300 words - 5 pages Cuban Film Industry Bennito Mussolini constructed Cinecitta in 1938, the most significant film studio in Europe. Stalin had hi own Private projection. Juan Peron and Mao Zedong shared the fascination, they both married actresses. Francisco Franco was said to have a fantasy of being a movie writer. The leader of the Cuban Revolution follows their footsteps. In 1979 he created, ?The International Film Festival of Havana? and also inaugurates a

The Power of 'Soft Power' in Cuban Foreign Policy

2476 words - 10 pages scene, Cuba has triumphed through the promotion of their revolutionary triumphs, culture and way of life better known as Nye’s concept of soft power. They contribute to international relations and development through the labour of their people and the ideologies of the revolution. None of this would have been possible without the diligence, hard work and selfless approach of the hundreds of thousands of ambassadors of Cuban soft power; the doctors

Cuban Economics

4980 words - 20 pages only superpower that shared its political ideology, the Soviet Union. Indeed, Cuban trade with the Soviet Union reached a level of 69 percent in 1978, a level equivalent to the amount of trade conducted with the United States prior to the revolution (Packenham, pg. 139). As Cuba entered the 1980’s, it was plagued with the same problems that had plagued it since its inception: dependence on one agricultural produce and on one major

Analyse the contribution made to the different Cuban musical genres by the various ethnic groups which have populated Cuba

1615 words - 6 pages The Cuban population is a melting pot of ethnic mixes from every corner of the world. The multitudes of musical genres that make up Cuban music are part of Cubans' daily lives. The fusion of the different African and European cultures gave rise to a process of transculturation, producing a creolised culture that absorbed later migrants (French, Chinese, Jamaicans, Haitians and Mexicans). The Cuban culture would later receive a strong influence

Cuba - Cold War (briefly discussed) - Post Cold War (concentration)

1117 words - 4 pages Cuba if the US agreed to withdraw weapons from Turkey and pledge not to invade Cuba.During the mid 1960s the Cuban Government make plans to take the revolution abroad. To do this the government started guerilla warfare against capitalist states and support groups in Latin America. The movement halted in 1967 when Ché Guevara was killed in Bolivia. To make matters worse, in order to fulfill their goals, the revolutionaries literally ruined

José Martí

562 words - 2 pages independence and finding freedom for the people of Cuba. He educated many people of his party for over ten years. He alone toiled away to keep their interests focused during the long wait towards independence. He accumulated money weekly from the many Cuban members and persuaded people to join together harmoniously under the influence of the Cuban party. Planning each aspect of the Revolution, he compiled shipments of arms without the knowledge

Similar Essays

The Cuban Revolution And Animal Farm

1291 words - 6 pages It is said to be that German philosopher Karl Marx was the founding father of communism. He stated that the capitalist and the free market system were cases to inequality and exploitation. In this paper, it will be explained how the Cuban revolution was much like the revolution in Animal Farm. First there will be a quick explanation about the cuban revolution. It won’t stop there, key elements of the revolution, including historic figures such

The Cuban Revolution And Its Impact On Latin America

1410 words - 6 pages et al in 2002 published by Heinemann in Melbourne.Various Authors, Class notes on Fidel Castro and the Cuban Revolution, Received Term 2 2012.WORLD WIDE WEBBettmann, C. 2004. History of Latin America, Retrieved 10th July from, I. 2011. An Assessment of the Cuban Revolution, Retrieved 12th July from, T. 1999

The Cuban Revolution And The Triumph Of Women In Cuba

2994 words - 12 pages fit. In relation with Castro’s revolution in Cuba has been another revolution, that of the Cuban women. Castro himself described the changes in women’s public and private lives as "a revolution within a revolution". In a true system of equality, as in the one Castro holds as his ideal, equality reaches all people across all lines whether they are lines of race, class, or gender. Throughout Castro’s campaign, starting in 1953 with the failed

Detail The Factors That Brought About The Cuban Revolution Of 1958/59 And Evaluate The Successes And Failures Of The Subsequent Communist Government

1890 words - 8 pages Detail the factors that brought about the Cuban revolution of 1958/59 and evaluate the successes and failures of the subsequent communist government.The first part of this essay will explore and analyze the many factors that brought about the Cuban revolution of 1958/59.These factors stretch back to when Colon first landed in Cuba in 1942.Cuba's location in the Carribean has always been the key aspect which foreign powers have most wanted the