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Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

1512 words - 7 pages

Before doing research on the Cuban Missile Crisis, all I really knew was that the United States almost went into a nuclear war with Cuba, and that the crisis lasted 13 days. I did not know much about the extent of the situation. After a lot of reading I learned a lot of interesting facts. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day confrontation in 1962, between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side and the United States on the other side. What previous events led to the Cuban Missile Crisis and what were the roles for the people involved?
One event that led to the Cuban Missile Crisis was the Cold War. The Cold War involved the United States and Soviet Union. The Soldiers of the Soviet Union and the United States did not actually battle during the Cold War (jfklibrary). The United States and the Soviet Union had actually fought together during World War II. Their alliance ended when the war ended (jfklibrary). The Cold War is the name given to the relationship that developed between the United States and the USSR (historylearningsite). There are several reasons as to why the Cold War started. Both parties involved feared attack upon each other. The Soviet Union did not like capitalism, and the United States did not like the Soviet Union was spreading communism. American officials encouraged the development of atomic weapons which began a deadly race for weapons. These events led to the Cold War between the United States, and the Soviet Union.
Another event that led to the Cuban Missile Crisis was the Bay of Pigs invasion. The Bay of Pigs invasion involved Cuba and the United States. The Bay of Pigs was a failed invasion by

the United States. The United States attempted to invade Cuba to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro (library. thinkquest). Even though the Bay of Pigs invasion was unsuccessful, Fidel Castro feared that the United States would try to attack his nation again, and Castro needed a way to defend Cuba in case of another attack.
In 1962 Premier Nikita Khrushchev conceived the idea of placing nuclear missiles in Cuba. Khrushchev’s purpose of the placement of nuclear missiles in Cuba was to let the Cuban people maintain independence (digital commons/Krushchev). Nikita Khrushchev disliked that the United States had some nuclear missiles stationed near the USSR, in Turkey. Putting missiles in Cuba was his way of stopping any future invasion. During a meeting between Khrushchev and Castro in July of 1962, an agreement was made to place the missiles in Cuba, and the construction of the missiles sites began. (history.state.gov/milestones).
The Cuban Missile Crisis began for the United States on October 15, 1962. The United States intelligence community collected and analyzed crucial information through human, photographic, and classified signal intelligence, aiding in the early detection that sparked the stand-off of the Cuban Missile Crisis (history.state.gov/milestones). A U-2 spy plane captured photographs revealing Soviet...

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