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Cuban Relations Essay

4815 words - 19 pages

Cuban Relations

In the year 1959 a politician named Fidel Castro led a revolution against the Cuban government under Fulgencio Batista.

Castro used his influence to persuade the Cuban people to fight for him in the revolution against Batista’s government. With the people on his side, Castro successfully overthrew the Cuban government and was eventually elected President. These people believed in Castro, and that he would make Cuba a better place to live and work in. Once Fidel Castro had control, he named himself dictator for life and made Cuba a socialist nation who openly embraced communism. Cuba became the only communist nation in the Eastern Hemisphere. As a result of this new socialist regime many Cubans fled to the United States into south Florida, which is only a mere ninety miles from Cuba. Shortly after Castro took control of the government, relations with the United States declined. Capitalist leaders, like the United States wanted to make sure that socialist countries trying to establish a communist system, such as Cuba would fail because the goal of communists is to develop a system free from private ownership, which is not in the best interests of the countries who are wealthy due to private ownership i.e. the United States of America. Under The Kennedy administration, America attempted to dethrone Castro from power in Cuba many times, including the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961. While these attempts to get rid of Castro failed, in 1962 American President John F. Kennedy signed the Cuban Embargo to stop all imports, exports, and diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba. The signing of this embargo was basically the beginning of the end for diplomatic relations between the United States of America and Cuba. Although the ramifications of the embargo have changed numerous times throughout the years it is still in effect today, more than 40 years later.

Timeline of The Embargo on Cuba

1961 The Bay of Pigs Invasion

1962 The Missiles of October Crisis

1963 February 8. The Kennedy administration prohibits travel to Cuba and makes
financial and commercial transactions with Cuba illegal for U.S. Citizens.

1964 July 26. The Organization of American States (OAS) adopts mandatory sanctions
against Cuba, requiring all members to sever diplomatic and trade relations.
Only Mexico refuses to comply.

1975 July 28. The Organization of American States (OAS) votes to end political and
economic sanctions against Cuba. This opens the way for each member nation to
determine for itself if wants to have diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba,
which many had already begun to establish.

August 21. The U.S. announces that it will allow foreign subsidiaries of U.S. companies
to sell products in Cuba, and that it would no longer penalize other nations for
trade with Cuba.

1977 March 19. U.S. President Carter drops the ban on...

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