Cuban Russian Relations Essay

1926 words - 8 pages

Cuba’s unpredictable shift toward socialism and its growing dependence on the Soviet Union divided both the leadership and the country at large. With a relationship dating back to before Fidel Castro’s installment into power, Russia and Cuba have both played major roles in the development and regression of each other’s economies and societies.
The first official diplomatic relationship between the Soviet Union and Cuba began developing during World War II, in 1943. With the establishment of the first Soviet embassy by Maxim Litvinov, stationed in Havana, Cuba; this was after Cuba gained its independence from the United States in 1902 and the Russian Revolution in 1917. Litvinov ...view middle of the document...

Nikita Khrushchev, the leader of the Soviet Union at the time who initiated the Cuban Missile Crisis and established a more form of open communism in the Union, was convinced by his dignitaries that Fidel Castro was up to no good; his advisors also deemed him as untrustworthy and a member of an unspecified American agency. After sending his deputy to investigate and look into Castro to find out his motivations¸ Anastas Mikoyan returned declaring that Castro’s administration be supported economically and politically. In requesting help from foreign powers, and later turning to the Soviet Union, Khrushchev approved a temporary purchase of Cuban sugar in exchange for fuel which sustained the Cuban economy for many years to come. This temporary trade would soon become a perpetual trade and a long-lasting relationship.
Upon hearing about the communist activity transpiring in Cuba, U.S. president Dwight Eisenhower’s administration instituted The Bay of Pigs , an attack originating within Cuba, entailing the upraising of trained FBI insurgents who were ordered to take down any promoters of communism within the country . As a result, this led to an invasion led by Castro’s new found form of government, killed many and captured 1,000 people. Tensions began to stir and problems began to arise between the United States and Cuba because of this invasion that would lead to the Cuban Missile Crisis and other major conflicts. Castro announced that Cuba would become a socialist republic; and working alongside the Cubans, Soviets were determined to ensure that America understood that an assault on Cuba would lead to dire consequences.
Cubans began to migrate out of Cuba to the United States, Spain, and other countries. Soviet economic and military support was crucial early in the years of Castro’s command, and action taken by the Soviet Union tended to stir up strong bitterness from the United States. Following the announcement of him joining the Soviet bloc, Fidel Castro radically turned Cuba into a completely communist country; making monumental differences by socializing industry, organizing agriculture, and seizing control of American-owned businesses and farms. The Soviets’ felt like their duty was to protect their allies or else Cuba would lose faith and trust in them . Throughout the preceding two years, Castro managed to isolate the United States and founded a stronger relationship with the Soviet Union. The Cuban Missile Crisis, also referred to as the October Crisis, in particular, was a serious incident. After the Soviet Union’s installation of nuclear missile bases in Cuba, the world stood still as Cuba and Russia were on the brink of sparking a war with the United States ; kindling the fear of another world war. The U.S. government instituted a naval blockade against Cuba and demanded that the missiles be removed with expedience. Failing to submit to the Americans, Cuba suffered through a lack of food, fuel and other key necessities. The...

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