Cuestionario De Globalización Essay

1026 words - 4 pages

Cuestionario de GlobalizaciónGlobalización es la tendencia a negociar económicamente de una unidad nacional a unidades lejanas, adentrándose a un mercado mundial y enorme. Además se refiere al cambio de interdependencia de economía mundial. La globalización comprende severas facetas, esto incluye globalización del mercado y producción global.La globalización es sustentada y/o apoyada por teorías de comercio internacional. Estas se dirigen a derribar barreras que no permitan cruzar el borde para invertir a nivel global. No empecé a la distancia, diferencia de hora, idioma, regulación de gobierno, cultura o sistemas de negocio. ¿Porque?, el movimiento del mercado global va dirigido a realizar cambio drásticos en la economía global. Donde a medida que la tecnología avanza el mundo se hace pequeño ante la globalización. En adición a esto, la economía emerge a una independiente, integrando la globalización más accesible al mercado.Históricamente el mercado internacional ha ido evolucionando, de manera que se ha hecho uno enorme. Derribando barreras y haciendo más fácil el poder vender a nivel global o internacional. ¿Cómo ha ocurrido esto? Bueno, esto se ha hecho por medio de varias instituciones. Estas instituciones manejan, regulan y promueven las necesidades, vigilando el mercado global y sus negocios. Se crearon con miras a perfeccionar las funciones de lo antes expuesto. Entre estas instituciones se encuentra “General Agreetment on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), su sucesora “World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), su hermana “World Bank and the United Nations (UN). Todas estas instituciones se han creado libre y voluntariamente, creando acuerdos individuales entre las naciones envueltas, con el propósito de velar por los tratados internacionales.En el siglo XVI y XVII la teoría del mercantilismo debió alentar a los países a propugnar simultáneamente la importación y la exportación. El mercantilismo es una doctrina antigua y grande en sus términos. Actualmente la política moderna debate estos asuntos en muchos países. Adam Smith en el 1776 propulso su teoría explicando que el restringir el libre comercio no era beneficioso para los países. Se refería a que los gobiernos no influenciaran en las cuotas o derechos del ciudadano al momento de comprar o vender a países extranjeros. El argumentaba que la mecánica de mercado no se basara en las políticas de gobierno, que más bien determinaran que se importaba o se exportaba. (Hill, 2008)La teoría de ventajas comparativas, ayudo al economista ingles David Ricardo. Esa teoría intelectual de baso en los argumentos modernos de no restringir el libre...

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