This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cultural And Gender Issues In Psychology Alevel Essay

804 words - 4 pages

Gender Issues in psychology relate to differential treatment and/or representation of males and females, based on stereotypes and not on real differences. In psychology this involves alpha and beta bias. Alpha bias refers to theories that exaggerate the differences between males and females. Whereas, beta bias refers to theories that ignore or minimise sex differences. These theories often assume that the findings from studies using males can apply equally to females.
These gender issues relate to both Sherif et al (1954/1961). The study aimed to find out what factors make two groups develop hostile relationships then to see how this hostility can be reduced. However, the sample consisted of 22 white, middle class and protestant 11-year-old boys. Therefore, it can be argued the results can only be generalised to males in relation to hostility and conflict due to the lack of girls in the sample leading to low population validity. Consequently, the study also has potential to hold beta bias. This is because researchers may assume that the findings from studies using males can apply equally to females which may not be the case. For example, girls may not replicate the studies three stages the boys went through. Although they may begin group formation and engage in competition, it may be harder to initiate the final stage of cooperation. Therefore, this limits the real-life applications of the study. For example, if these ideas were to be applied to situations like football games to reduce hostile relationships such as providing a common goal for teams such as raising money for charity, these methods may fail to have any effect on cooperation and eliminating hostility between female football fans.
These gender issues are less present in Rosenhan’s study (1973). Rosenhan tested the validity of diagnosis of mental disorders and see if health professionals could distinguish between those who were genuinely mentally ill and those who were not. The sample consisted of 8 pseudopatients (5 men and 3 women). Consequently, it can be said results are credible for both genders.
Culture Bias is the tendency to judge people in terms of one's own cultural assumptions.
While ethnocentrism means seeing the world only from one’s own cultural perspective and believing that this one perspective is both normal and correct. It is a lack of awareness that other ways of seeing things can be as valid as one’s own. For example, when definitions of abnormality vary from culture to culture. Cultural relativism insists that...

Find Another Essay On Cultural and Gender issues in psychology - alevel - essay

Class and Gender Issues in Medieval Europe

1644 words - 7 pages In the Middle Ages two things determined one's opportunities in life--gender and social class. Throughout history upper class men have had more chances to move up in life, while women of all classes (especially the poor) did not have many opportunities to change their status. Women's choices and opportunities were different according to social status--upper classes (nobility), middle classes (guildswomen, merchants wives) and the poorest classes

Issues of Race and Gender in Othello - Theatre 325- CSUN - Essay

1587 words - 7 pages Habib Sandra Theatre 325 Professor Leigh Kennicott December 10th , 2017 Issues of Race and Gender in Othello William Shakespeare have always been wildly known for exploring issue of gender differences and racial tensions. An example of such thing is shown in one of his play, Othello. Not only that but the play proposes controversial issues and ideas of racial conflict that were never discussed. Moreover, in this specific play, a number of


648 words - 3 pages from their environment based on the frequency in which they associate with others who have pro-criminal attitudes towards crime. If pro-criminal attitudes they are exposed to outweigh pro-social attitudes then Sutherland thought they had a greater risk of offending. It also suggests the possibility to mathematically predict the likelihood someone would commit a crime if we knew the frequency, intensity and duration of which a person is exposed to

Issues in Cultural Divide

1076 words - 5 pages Analysis of 4 short videos that present a viewpoint in relation to cultural issues in organizations, in particular that which is related to bridging or mediating the cultural divide in a globalized business environment showed the following Key Cultural Issues in my opinion - • Video 1 showed the clash of cultures, in particular the battle to mediate and negotiate a singular organizational culture in the case of corporate acquisitions. Joe

Issues in Psychological Psychology

900 words - 4 pages PSY 475 Psychological Tests and Measurements University of Phoenix MaterialIssues in Psychological Testing WorksheetUsing the text for this course, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources answer the following questions. Your response to each question should be at least 200 words in length.What are at least two ethical issues associated with psychological testing? What impact do these issues have on the field of

Gender Issues in Schools

2951 words - 12 pages miss writing target at 7!” (2009: Guardian) In this essay I will present relevant statistics illustrating the current gender gap of boys underachievement. Further to this, I will also exemplify the social and political change in times in terms of how this has effected boys and girls educational attainment, identifying the contrast of attainment amid girls and boys in education. Finally, I will suggest how I would tackle such an issue, if I

Gender Issues in Advertisements

932 words - 4 pages Gender Issues in AdvertisementsWomen grapple with their perception of a ideal body because of society's imposed ideals. Goffman analyzes advertisements according to gender stereotypes of men and women. He addresses these issues in a slide show containing advertisements of women in which the body images are unattainable. The male ideal is imposed upon women through advertisements. Women traditionally take on the submissive role and exist solely

Gender and Age in Issues of Health and Illness

2180 words - 9 pages Why and how is gender or age significant when we consider issues of health and illness? How might an understanding of gender or age help doctors in planning health education? During this essay I am going to answer the question that is noted above, but I will be focusing on the topic of gender. The topics I am going to cover are defining gender, describing the health differences that are faced by people of different genders, and then I will

Media Influences And Other Selected Issues In Adolescent Psychology Texts

1952 words - 8 pages Over the years, a number of critical analyses have appeared regarding the content of textbooks in basic psychology (Gillen, 1973; Hofmann & Vyhonsky, 1975; Miller, 1978; Sommer & Sommer, 1983). Two of these analyses involved the issues of intelligence, socioeconomic background, and race (Miller, 1978; Sommer & Sommer, 1983). In these studies textbook research citations regarding the effects of environment and heredity on intellectual

Gender Issues in Children's Literature: Then and Now

3491 words - 14 pages Gender Issues in Children's Literature: Then and Now Charlotte's Web, Anne of Green Gables, Treasure Island, Cinderella and Grimm's Brothers fairy tales, have all been treasures of society's basic children's literature. They covered their share of beauties, villains, conflicts and happy-endings that many of us remember till this day. But were we as society's children aware of the impact these stories made on our views of men and women

Perspective in Psychology - Sex & Gender

1170 words - 5 pages Sex and Gender seem to have two connotative meanings in society today. Sex is a very scientific term that explains the physical attributes of a person and the sexual organs they possess, where as gender is defined as the overt expression of attitudes that indicate to others the degree of your maleness or femaleness; "your gender role is the public expression of your gender identity"Both Psychoanalysis and Behaviourism have view on how we develop

Similar Essays

How Does Shelley Represent Gender Roles In Frankenstein? English Alevel Essay

988 words - 4 pages Jessica Head 12WBL How does Shelley represent gender roles in the opening of Frankenstein? · Refer to Letters 1-4, and Chapters 1&2. · Masculinity and femininity. In Frankenstein Mary Shelley depicts the roles of men and women by giving them traditional gender roles that conform with the patriarchal society she lived and grew up in. The issues of gender identity are explored throughout the novel with the central characters being given idealized

Gender Bias In Processioning Happy And Sad Faces Psychology Essay

2271 words - 10 pages Running Head: Gender Bias in Emotion Processing 1 Gender Bias in Emotion Processing 4 Gender Bias in the Processing of Happy and Angry Facial Expressions Hafsa Ahmed , Hana Hussein , Elmira Bilgin , Luke Newton . Mohamed Omar Jan 13, 2017 Birkbeck University of London Abstract The recognition of emotion, from facial

Ethical And Cultural Issues In Bcp

1241 words - 5 pages higher probability of risks relating to customer satisfaction (Myers, n.d.).Kudler must also consider their suppliers. Having some of their products shipped in, gas may be found as a limiting resource to the company. Ethical and cultural issues must be considered with such a resource, as gas is highly dependant on Kudler receiving their imported products. Ethical issues relevant to Kudler’s business continuity may include the risks due to

Outline And Evaluate The Evolutionary Explanation In The Role Of Gender Psychology Essay

895 words - 4 pages Outline and evaluate the evolutionary explanation in the role of gender [8+16marks] According to the evolutionary approach, gender differences are neither deliberate nor conscious; they exist today because they helped men and women perform particular types of roles successfully in the past i.e. gender role division appeared as an adaptation to the challenges faced by ancestral humans in the environment of evolutionary adaptation (EEA). This is