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Cultural Awareness The Country Of Italy

2496 words - 10 pages

Italy has a rich history at about 600 BC the Etruscans established thriving small cities in and around northern and central Italy; this would lay the foundation for what was to come much later. At around 260 BC, the first of what would be three major wars, called the Punic War took place between a ferocious sworn enemy the city-state of Carthage, which was located in what, is today parts of Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar, Italy, France, and Malta. Carthage was powerful from northern Africa to parts of southern Europe it dominated. Upon the eventual defeat of the Carthaginians at around 149 to 145 BC, lead to the annexation of all Carthaginian land and the growth of what was to become an empire. Around 45 BC, Julius Caesar becomes the first dictator of Rome defecting Pompey to take control of the empire. Later during his reign, his own people assassinate Caesar, which leads to a trio of charters that history would come to know as Marc Anthony, Octavian and Lepidus, Octavian would later defeat the other two and become known as Caesar Augustus. Rome would even conqueror Egypt and all this before the birth of Christ. Whose life was during Roman rule, around the year 305, during the reign of Constantine, Emperor Theodosius would declare Christianity the empires official religion in 380, making him the first Christian emperor. This opened the door for the Roman Catholic Rule. Attila the Hun invaded Italy in 485 this is a well-known fact that Pope Leo I dissuaded Attila from destroying Rome. From the dark ages to the French Revolution where shortly afterwards Napoleon declared himself emperor of Italy, this kind of ruling of Italy was the case for many centuries until Italy defeated the Ottoman Empire in 1911 to be independent. The nation of Italy even fought on the Allies side during World War I which was a major victory for the Allies, However in 1922 the Fascist named Benito Mussolini became Prime Minister of Italy. He ruled according to the Italian constitution for two years then started the process of legally turning the government into a dictatorship known as II Duce (The Leader). He also was a trailblazer in promoting fascism, which is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism, which tends to view political violence and war as a means to build a stronger nation and thus expanding by absorbing weaker countries. Mussolini sided with Hitler in early 1940, sealing his fate with that of Germany which history tells us started World War II by first invading Poland in 1939 and then attacking both France and England. Germany eventually lost the war and Mussolini was shot and killed on 27 April 1945 by communist partisans in a small village of Giulino di Mezzegra the shooters name was Walter Audisio. After death, Mussolini had to endure more for his wrongdoing by being spat upon shot, and kicked then hung from a meat hook from the roof of a gas station. Civilians and passerby’s then stoned the bodies. After Mussolini’s...

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