with Special Reference to
Khedbrahma Taluka of Sabarkantha District, North Gujarat.
There are tribal societies all over the world. They live as nomadic tribes or settle down in the remote areas. Their main vocation is raising cattle, cultivating land and trading in forest produce. The Galas of the East Africa or Hausas of the West Africa appear to be a kin to the tribals of North Gujarat (Sabarkantha, Khedbrahma). These tribal live in various geographical regions of India. Their tribal society, elements, linguistic and cultural traits have variations. These tribals are the most important contributors towards the origin of the Indian society. The tribal society tends to be attacked by the movements such as westernization, modernization, acceptance of non-tribal cultures and “Munda” and “Ho” festivals are ancient tribal celebrations but now they are being replaced by “Easter” and “Christmas” celebration. The traditional “Yuva Gruh” (the youth hostels) are now going out of sight. There are visible changes in the family marriage institutions, tribal guilds, dresses, lifestyle, socialites etc.
This study is related to the cultural issues of the Dungari, Garasiya tribals living in the Khedbrahma Taluka, Sabarkantha district.
This article aims at studying the changes, their reasons and the present situation of the tribal culture with a special reference to Dungari Garasiya tribals. For this study 100 Adivasi families of the North Gujarat, Sabarkantha district were selected at random.
Fairs inspire joy and encouragement in the lives of the Dungari tribals. In modern times such festivals are celebrated by the elderly people. The youth are in an insignificant numbers in the celebrations. 65% of the people who answered to questionnaire have indicated that the burden of education on the children has bereaved the children of this joy. The Christian tribals celebrate Christian festivals.
The traditional ornaments of the Dungari tribal men and women are: Stud, earring bracelet, necklace (double), necklace (single) have been replaced by the attitude of wearing modern ornaments. There are noteworthy changes in the traditional dresses, food, lifestyle etc. also. The relationship in the social context and in the kinship relationship is also undergoing changes. We seldom find pictures of Gods and Goddesses or their vehicles on the walls of the hut. In short the tradition way of this life struggling for livelihood, hunting, arms etc are changing in the Dungari, Garasiya and their place is taken by education, cultural connections, urbanization and modern technology.
There are two opposite forces at work:...