Cultural Criminology: A New Perspective To Understanding Crime And Deviance

2602 words - 10 pages

Cultural criminology is a relatively new perspective and approach to understanding crime and deviance. Cultural criminology first began to develop in the 1990s and rapidly progressed in to a new field of criminology that is both influential and informative. The core concept of cultural criminology is built upon by using traditional approaches from different disciplines such as sociological studies, cultural studies, symbolic interactionism and many other disciplines, theories and methods. (Oxford bibliography Keith Hayward) Although it would seem that cultural criminology is nothing more than an interdisciplinary field, using only the studies and theories of some of the disciplines mentioned above - it actually does offer a new line of thought and individuality that other fields of criminology in the past did not. This is because instead of viewing crime objectively, it instead looks at crime subjectively by analysing the idiosyncrasies of the modern sociocultural environment. It offers an explanation of crime and deviance as a constructed result from either political, social or cultural actors and groups who commit crime, because of a shared sense of meaning, emotions, symbols, styles and even fashion within different subcultures. (Oxford bibliography Keith Hayward) Cultural Criminologists hope to explain and examine how the meaning of certain aspects of a subculture can play an active role in society and the construction of crime, not only by explaining why crime is committed, but also how crime is controlled. This essay will explain what cultural criminology is by using The 1989 Hillsborough disaster as an example in illustrating some of the research findings by cultural criminologists. There have been many different topic areas which have been examined and explored throughout the years by criminologists in an attempt to subjectively understand why and how crime is committed, as well as how the agencies that control crime interact and view the different subcultures committing the crime. This essay will look at three of them areas. Firstly there will be an introduction explaining the key details of the Hillsborough disaster; secondly the essay will move to look at some of the discoveries found by criminologists in the following three topics; ‘cop culture’; ‘crimes of the powerful’ and the effect media has on the construction of crime and the creation of some subcultures as deviant.
The Hillsborough disaster.
On the 15th April 1989, 96 Liverpool fans lost their lives due to the overcrowding of a stand at a FA cup football game between Liverpool and Sheffield Wednesday, where they had attended. The families of the victims and the Liverpool fans that had been present that day had argued and insisted that the lack of police presence; the incompetence of the police in opening a large gate; known as gate C, and the failure of an appropriate emergency procedure from the ambulance service, had all resulted in the deaths of the victims. The police,...

Find Another Essay On Cultural Criminology: A New Perspective to Understanding Crime and Deviance

Crime and Deviance Essay

1491 words - 6 pages This paper explains the different sociological perspectives of deviance and in the essay I had compare each perspective to the movies that we watched in class dealing with crime.The movies that were mentioned in this essay were-"Menace II Society""News from a Personal War" documentary"The Secret History of Street Gangs" documentary"Good Fellas"and "City of God".There were also some references on the book "1984" by George Orwell.There are many

UK and Germany: A cultural perspective

1539 words - 6 pages such form of relationship the knowledge of cultural distinctive features and understanding the point of view of opposite party play very important role. Knowing the reason and explanation behind certain actions and forms of communications will also help avoiding misinterpretation which in business world can be very important and cost a contract or gainful partnership. Though conducting cultural analysis will only enable to get a general picture

The Mind and Crime: The Psychological Theories Behind Crime - Spelman College Introduction to Criminology - Research Paper

4126 words - 17 pages The Mind and Crime McKenzie1 The Mind and Crime: The Psychological Theories of Crime Candace Amara Elizabeth McKenzie Spelman College Thursday, November 9, 2017 Professor Jacquelyn H. Washington Introduction to Criminology Section I The Mind and Crime: The Psychological Theories of Crime Crime is something so familiar most people cannot imagine a modern or past society without it. Society is so accustomed to criminal activity that some of the

The Conflict Perspective of Deviance and Deviants

1009 words - 4 pages The Conflict Perspective of Deviance and Deviants Works Cited Not Included ·     When it comes to the conflict perspective and deviance, researchers have discovered one of the most influential lines of theory and research (Quinney, 1980; Chambliss and Seidman, 1982; Swaaningen, 1997; Arrigo, 1999). Marxist criminologists see deviance as a product of the exploitative nature of the ruling class. Deviance is a behavior that the rich and

Crime and Deviance - Left and Right Realism

1982 words - 8 pages Within this essay there will be a clear understanding of the contrast and comparison between left and right realism, supported by accurate evidence that will support and differentiate the two wings of realism. During the 1970’s to the early 1990’s there had emerged two new approaches to the study of crime and deviance. The discipline of criminology had expanded further introducing right and left realism, both believe in different areas and came

Deviance, Crime, and Punishment - Sociology - Essay

437 words - 2 pages Sociology 100-007 Chapter six in “Starting Points A Sociological Journey” focuses on the cause of deviance and crime, how society categorizes it through a sociological perspective. Social paradigms were used to underline the issues. “The question enquired is “why do people break the rules of society or, to put it another way, deviate from our social expectations?” (177). Through a functionalist perspective, Durkheim highlighted that crime is

Assess Marxist Theories of Crime and Deviance

626 words - 3 pages , as they make healthy workers to earn them profit. Neo-marxism or critical criminology is a newer philosophy, having arisen from marxist theories and social action theories. A Fully Social Theory of Deviance was a book written by criminologists Taylor, Walton and Young that combines traditional marxism with Neo-marxism. Karl Marx claims that crime is inevitable in capitalists society, as capitalism is a criminogenic system. In a capitalist

The usefulness of functionalist theories to explain crime and deviance - sociology - essay

1327 words - 6 pages Evaluate the usefulness of Functionalist theories to our understanding of crime and deviance (40 marks) A functionalist analysis of crime and deviance begins with society as a whole. It looks for the source of deviance in the nature of society rather than in the individual. Durkheim argued that crime is an inevitable and normal aspect of social life. Crime is present in all types of society; indeed, the crime rate is higher in the more advanced

Money is the Root of All Evil- Monetary Issues Leads to Crime and Deviance

1003 words - 4 pages to each of their members, was $24,000.” These people seem to be satisfied with their income. Then you come to those that make less than this or those people who make much more. The individuals who make less always want more, as a result, in some cases their behavior leads to crime. If these people had more they could buy something a little nicer than they already have. Now those who have more money than the average person always seem to want

Understanding and Treating Suicidal Adolescents from a Counselor's Perspective

2029 words - 8 pages person is an individual and should be treated as such. (Ramsay, et al., 1994).There are six tasks that a counselor should use when dealing with suicide. The first task is to engage the client. It is beneficial that you look at the situation from the client's perspective, show understanding and concern for the client, and encourage open expression of personal concerns. Secondly, you need to identify if the person is thinking about suicide. This can be

A new Perspective

803 words - 4 pages the ecosystem. This is to say that humans are just as, if not even more, important to our society’s success and advancement. First and foremost, I believe it is necessary to dictate that the aggregate issue of the departure of nature is in need of salvation. Humans are so set in their ways that a majority of the time “[w]e believe … that we may not need something new, but need to reawaken something very old, to reawaken our understanding of

Similar Essays

Marx And Durkheim’s Views Contributed To Our Understanding Of Crime And Deviance?

981 words - 4 pages ” “We do not condemn it because it is a crime, it is a crime because we condemn it” Page 254, Tim Newburn, Criminology, second edition, 2013, Routledge Oxfordshire, Uk pages 395-396 Frank Pearce, Crimes of the powerful: Marxism, Crime and Deviance 1976 Pluto Press Limited London, England Page 76, David Downes and Paul Rock, Understanding Deviance: A guide to the sociology of crime and rule breaking 2011 Oxford University Press inc. New York, US

Labelling Theories' Contribution To The Sociological Understanding Of Crime And Deviance

1575 words - 6 pages Labelling Theories' Contribution to the Sociological Understanding of Crime and Deviance Becker is the main sociologist studying labelling theory on deviance, he argues that 'social groups create deviance by making the rules whose infraction constitutes deviance.' Meaning acts only become deviant when observers perceive it and define it as deviant. An example of this would be the act of nudity, it is accepted in the

Write A Sociological Essay With Regards To Crime And Deviance With A Functionalist Perspective Then Critique It With A Marxist View

1156 words - 5 pages different groups who come into power. Another internal critique is that from Neo-Marxists in the form of New Criminology. Radical criminology says that the only way to change the law creation and law enforcement is through violent revolution. Neo-Marxist's focus is on solving crime through changing society as well as punishing the individual ("Tough on crime, tough on the causes of crime"). They blame sociology for letting the individual off, i.e

Outline And Assess The Importance Of Victim Surveys For Sociological Understanding Of Crime And Deviance

604 words - 2 pages recorded. Therefore victim surveys are important to give a more realistic understanding of crime.The British Crime Survey (BCS) is now conducted on an annual basis, on approximatley 15,000 households. The sample is designed to be as representative as possible, selecting households from all over the country. The BCS in 1998 discovered that, only one in four crimes are reported to the police, car theft is the most likley to be reported (98%) whilst