Cultural Practices Essay

765 words - 4 pages

The two practices chosen are toys meant for girls and boys, and activities meant for girls and boys. Toys in this context are defined as objects that the children handle for their enjoyment, such as dolls or trains. Activities in this context are defined as pursuits that the children enjoy, such as dancing or sports. The common theme between these two practices is sex-typing in gender socialisation. Sex-typing is defined as expecting people, their behaviour or appearance to conform to stereotypical or typical conventional views of their biological sex (Mischel, 1970). Gender socialisation refers to the process that children undergo to learn the appropriate behaviours, attitudes and values dictated by society to form their gender identity (Best, Griffiths & Hope, 2000). There are four theories of gender socialisation; social learning theory, cognitive-development theory, gender schema theory and psychoanalytic theory.
Social learning theory focuses on behaviour resulting from operant conditioning and modelling, whereby the gender-appropriate behaviours are learned through the environment and social agents such as parents, teachers or peers through reinforcement or imitation. When children participate in sex-typed behaviour or activities appropriate for their assigned sex, and are rewarded for it, they will continue participating in that certain activity and the behaviour is reinforced (Ryle, 2011). For example, when a young boy decides that he wants to play with fire engines, he will be encouraged by his parents, and thus he will continue playing with them. However, if the young boy decides that he wants to play with dolls, he will be criticised by his peers and thus he will stop playing with them (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2010). For imitation or modelling, children imitate same-sex peers or parents in their behaviour or activities and it is a form of latent learning. For example, a young girl copies how her mother dresses up without any form of reward as she identifies with her mother (Ryle, 2011). Through these kinds of interactions between the children and their agents of socialisation, mainly peers and parents, it will influence their behaviour and shape how are they socialised. From this theory, people will come to anticipate how a person of a particular gender should behave due to traditional expectations in their culture....

Find Another Essay On Cultural Practices

Cultural Practices between Men and Women in Nigeria

2931 words - 12 pages In Nigeria, men expect and demand respect, cultural practices show that the major roles of women is to submit to their men, raise the children and feed them. From the precolonial period to present time, women’s roles have advanced but the Nigeria has

Influence of culture on health care practices: How nurses can incorporate cultural sensitivity into their practice

1547 words - 6 pages growing multicultural world, and the long-standing disparities in the health status of people from culturally diverse backgrounds has challenged health care providers and organizations to consider cultural diversity as a priority. However, health care providers must realize that addressing cultural diversity goes beyond knowing the values, beliefs, practices and customs (Bacote, 2003). In addition to racial classification and national origin

Integration of cultural beliefs and practices in mine environmental management and remediation planning

1892 words - 8 pages (Veiga et al. 2001). This essay will demonstrate that the cultural beliefs and practices of local communities should be incorporated into adjacent mine operations environmental management and remediation programmes, especially their phytoremediation plans. This will be demonstrated by The Mine Woodlands Project of AngloGoldAshanti in the Witwatersrand basin of South Africa. Case study: The Mine Woodlands Project The Mine Woodlands Project is a

How effective are 'cultural' and 'ideological' perspective in helping us to understand the distinct features of national people management practices

2641 words - 11 pages political events in a country. The culture does not change as it is based on previous cultural traits that do not change all the time. However, these two examples enable to say that ideology and culture are not the only pe perspectives that influence the practices in management in a country. Factors such as technology, the globalisation have also an important impact.References and bibliographyBooksArmstrong M. (2000) Strategic Human Resource

The Overall Population of the Healthcare System

566 words - 3 pages design services and carry out practices that offer distinguishable values to the group (Mosely & Paterson, 2008). The first step toward cultural competence involves cultural awareness. Cultural awareness involves understanding of how an individual’s culture may give structure of their values, behavior, and beliefs. This entails awareness of our own cultural influences and individuals from other cultures interacted differently. Also, it is

We’re Not Asking You To Give Up Yoga Pants: Identifying Religious Symbolism in Daily Life

1311 words - 6 pages practices the particular tenants of that religion. What this means is no particular individual or groups can actually claim ownership over religious material as religion is global, it trespasses, regionalism, and cultural limitation, and practices differ based on its amalgamation with other aspects of people’s identity. Lets take the veiling by Muslim women for instance; there are so many variation from how a veil is worn, to types of veils, to


1243 words - 5 pages .4). For example, on Halloween people in America are expect to wear costumes and everyone, seems to eat an excessive amount of candy. No culture is the same; every culture has their own set of rules and regulations.Cross cultural psychology deals with the culture, we do not chose the culture that we are brought up in. People learn their practices of their culture from their ancestors and parents." Cross cultural psychology is the critical and

Cultural Sensitivity, Knowledge, and Skills from Nurses

870 words - 4 pages sensitivity means being aware that cultural differences and similarities exist and have an effect on values, learning, action, and behavior (Stanhope, et al., 2005). Beliefs and practices about health and illness are different with different cultures. With appropriate respect and interaction, nurses can win the patients’ trust. A culturally competent nurse must discard the assumption that all patients evaluate the quality of the care they receive the

What exactly is cultural relativism in metaethics? Is cultural relativism true? Can cultural relativists uphold the principle of cultural tolerance?

2125 words - 9 pages practices of a group of persons. For example, a moral judgment such as'female genital mutilation is morally wrong' can be true in the context of one society and considered false relative to another. Nevertheless, a moral statement can never simply be universally true or false. Societies have differing measures of right and wrong and there is no rational basis for resolving these disagreements. The ideas of Cultural Relativism conflict with those of

Institutional Racism

1038 words - 5 pages health beliefs, practices and cultural needs of diverse patients can help bring about positive health outcomes. In addition, as an health care facility Harrisburg hospital continues to use negotiation a tool to promote diversity regardless of cultural differences in the work and business environment. When it comes to interracial collaborates Pinnacle Health Systems reach out to outside resources as well as collaborate with other health systems

Cultural Relativism vs. Ethnocentism - which is more objective?

1023 words - 4 pages different cultures. A cultural relativist maintains the post-modernist view that there is no moral or cultural high-ground with which to judge one culture in relation to another, thus each culture must be understood from its own perspective, and within its own context. Some practices may appear bizarre when observed cross-culturally, however, in their own cultural context, they seem quite natural. A relativist approach has its limits, and these

Similar Essays

How My School Embraces Good Cultural Practices

1310 words - 5 pages deeply ingrained in the very core of the organization. A school’s culture has far more influence on life and learning in the schoolhouse than the state department of education, the superintendent, the school board or even the principal can ever have.” (Barth, 2002, p. 7). How does my school embrace good cultural practices? First, by adopting a mission statement that reflects its vision. The school mission statement states: We all come from

Cultural Practices In English Speaking Countries

2753 words - 12 pages Ethnic Minority Achievement Grant, taking measures to ensure the new curriculum is comprehensive and promotes diversity. The fund recommends keeping Citizenship as a subject at all levels, not just in secondary schools. Teacher training needs to be improved to make sure teachers are equipped to deal with a multi-cultural environment. Unconscious bias should be addressed in their training. Targets of recruiting minority teachers should be

Cultural Effects On Organisational Practices Level 6 Bsc Essay

253 words - 2 pages These organisational practices include but are not limited to the following; Decision making styles- E.g.; Team or autocratic. An effective expansion requires rapid decision making, this may conflict with the culture in Vietnam where it may take extra time to process which could lead to a failure in making decisions thus a failure in implementing decisions. Leadership Styles – E.g.; Consultative or dictatorial. American firms may be more on

The Legal Protection Of Religious And Cultural Practices

779 words - 4 pages In 1787, the United States Constitution was established and within this document is a list of different amendments. Ever since the 1790’s, the First Amendment of the Constitution has assured Americans the right to “free exercise of religion”. However, the promise of American Indian religious freedom has historically fallen short. The religious freedom for Native Americans has been actively suppressed because their practices and beliefs are often