Cultural Differences In Nonverbal Communication Essay

1623 words - 6 pages

When communicating, only a small percent of the exchange is verbal. The larger part of the message is made up of body language or movements, known as nonverbal communication. The reason for people using nonverbal communication is to enhance the message they are sending to the receiver. One way nonverbal communication differs is through cultural differences. Cultural differences have a significant impact on nonverbal communication as cultures differ greatly in their nonverbal interpretations and responses. Firstly, this essay will prove how kinesics can create barriers between people as types of nonverbal cues differ amongst cultures. It will then show that paralinguistics can be based on cultural expectations and this can create stereotyping in cross-cultural communication. Turning to haptics, it will then show that different perspectives on haptics can cause problems in a cross-cultural context. Finally, it will prove that because of different cultural norms, the use of proxemics can be misinterpreted, therefore proving that cultural differences have a significant impact on nonverbal communication.

Kinesics refers to the study of body movements; an understanding of kinesics across culture requires a close look at posture, movement, facial expression, eye contact, and gestures (Tyler, Kossen & Ryan 2005). Particular kinesics do not signify the same meaning for all cultures, the meaning of any kinesics depends on the culture of the expresser and the observer. Kinesics varies from culture to culture; these differences can cause barriers between people from different cultures, it can also create barriers between two countries. For example, Bill Richardson tells of a time when he went to Iraq to negotiate the release of two U.S. aircraft mechanics. While sitting across from Saddam Hussein, Saddam was insulted by Bill showing him the sole of his foot during the initial stages of their meeting (Richmond & McCroskey 2003). A gesture such as this could have resulted in dire consequences, fortunately, things were explained, the discussion was allowed to continue, and the two mechanics were released. Richmond acknowledges that Paul Ekman and associates have conducted research on kinesics for almost thirty years, and based on the research, only six of the many emotions are visually expressed in universal ways, Richmond and McCroskey (2003). So ultimately, not only are there different ways for one to verbally express themselves, there is also a large amount of kinesics being portrayed by them that carries different meanings in different cultures, which brings about barriers.

Paralinguistics or paralanguage is the sound element that refers to the non-verbal components of communication conducted to alter meaning and convey emotion. Paralinguistics may be expressed consciously or unconsciously, and it includes the pitch, timbre and accent (Tyler, Kossen & Ryan 2005). The pitch and timbre of the way things are said can mean one thing in one culture,...

Find Another Essay On Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Communication

Cultural Differences in Joint Ventures Essay

3260 words - 13 pages ESSAY TOPIC (1) :A joint venture is affected by the cultural distance between two partners. In what ways are joint ventures and types of international collaboration affected by cultural differences? INDEX INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………2 What is culture?…………………………………………………………………2-3 The Cultural Orientation Model……………………………………………….4 The cultural Gap…………………………………………………………………5-6 Understanding Cultural Differences………………………………………….6

Cultural Differences in Facial Expressiveness Essay

2170 words - 9 pages paper is in particular concerned with the cross-cultural similarities and differences of facial epressiveness, having the Asian and Western Culture in contemplation. Verbal communication without moving any body parts is easily done, whereas speaking without allowing the face to move is rather impossible. Therefore, one can assume that facial expressiveness, besides speech, is the most common and important way of revealing feelings and present

Gender Differences in Communication In The Workplace

1490 words - 6 pages department.Perhaps if he had addressed the problem in it’s infancy it would never had become unsolvable. We used nonverbal communication in the form of eye contact to encourage users to tell us more about the problem with the computer or what they were doing before error message that appeared on the monitor.We had to be careful however not to overstep of the cultural restrictions concerning eyecontact.In my culture openly looking at a person who is

Respecting Cultural Differences in the Classroom

1224 words - 5 pages Culture is the beliefs, knowledge, values, religion, symbols, beliefs, relationships, and attitude of a particular group of people that are passed down through generations of evolving. The people of the cultural group continue to perpetuate their social history by participating in the activities which are indicative of their society (Piland, 2000). The people in the subculture will share their knowledge with each other through communication to

Exploring Cultural Differences in Career Related Variables

2388 words - 10 pages Exploring cultural differences in career-related variables is critical as an individual’s background is hypothesized to play a pivotal role in her or his career development. (Miller & Brown, 2005) Individual variable such as U.S. acculturation, resident status, capacity of english will all have an effect on the educational and career development chances and opportunities. (Davidson-Aviles and Montero 2004/2005 p. 97) Latinos have been found to

Effect of Cultural Differences in International Negotiation

1038 words - 4 pages negotiations are conducted, for example, management can state specific roles that must be in attendance during negotiations to ensure negotiations go as smooth as possible and to avoid disputes. On the other hand, management can also implicitly encourage its staffs to air their views in a respectful manner that aids successful negotiation and quick conflict resolution. Effect of cultural differences in international negotiation Culture is an important

Intercultural Communication in the Workplace - Cultural Diversity

1172 words - 5 pages here?" and check assumptions.6.Avoid jokes, words, or expressions that are hot buttons, such as those that are based on ethnicity, race, or gender.7.Use language that fosters trust and alliance.8.Respect differences; do not judge people because of the way they speak.9.Do not exclude others through language (¶ 1).Good communication can benefit in the understanding of cultural differences. When working with a coworker, one should always

Inter Cultural Communication in the Workplace

1268 words - 5 pages Inter cultural Communication in the WorkplaceThe United Nations Economic, Social, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO, 2002) described culture as follows: "... culture should be regarded as the set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of society or a social group, and that it encompasses, in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems, traditions and beliefs" (Wikipedia

An Evasive Identity: Racial, Cultural, and Ethnic Differences in America.

1736 words - 7 pages of a tendency towards differences than towards unity in America. Issues of racial, ethnic and cultural differences arise frequently and can only be seen to further the divide among Americans.In the American society, class differences are quite conspicuous, yet Americans are only too afraid to admit their existence. At least, openly admit to their use as a success determinant in life. Their nature to avoid doing this can be attributed to their

Cross-Cultural Differences Between Doing Business In France And China

1970 words - 8 pages As we revel in the wake of Globalization, models of organizations and styles of management are becoming increasingly similar. However, this conversion has a limit. Some cross-cultural differences will not disappear so easily and managers will have to understand and appreciate these cultural ‘oddities' if they wish to run a successful business. Let us take China and France as examples of two very different countries that may have cross

Communication Differences between Men and Women in the Workplace

2250 words - 9 pages the genders. Simma Lieberman addresses these differences in her article, “Better Communication Between Men and Women in the Workplace: Some Useful Tips”. Men tend to think that women take things too seriously, are slow in getting down to business, and try to be “one of the boys”. A complaint that women give about men is that they are being labeled names such as: “girls”, “honey”, and “darlin”. Other complaints are that men make women into objects

Similar Essays

Nonverbal Communication And Cultural Differences Essay

1655 words - 7 pages Nonverbal communication has always played an important role in the entire communication process. It may include gestures, kinesics, haptics and other means, which a person incorporates into the communication process. These acts make the communication process more effective and meaningful. However, nonverbal communication is highly influenced by cultural differences as the context of the culture defines how the message is interpreted. This

This Essay Is About The Cultural Communication Differences

848 words - 3 pages communication - Everything that occurs in communication involves the act of sharing information. Communication is not only oral it also involves body language. It is culture bound. The way an individual communicates comes from his or her culture. People with different cultural norms have the possibility of not being understood if the people they are communicating with have little knowledge, compassion or understanding of the variety of communication

Gender Differences In Communication. Essay

707 words - 3 pages Gray wrote about in his book Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus, which in essence points to differences in brain configuration, hormones, and socialization as the cause of such a massive gender gap in communication. But that was a few years ago, since then recent studies have shown that women use both sides of their brain when they listen, whereas men only use the left side. The left side of the brain is the side that is associated with

Differences In Communication Essay

521 words - 2 pages , especially to her boss, than would a supervisor talk to his or even her employees. CEOs talk differently to CFOs or other CEOs than they would to mid-level managers or security analysts. What is important to remember in discussing gender differences in communication styles is that women, until very recently, faced both a glass ceiling in business and a "second-sex" approach in social relationships. Consider the resistance many workers had to Affirmative