Culture And Foreign Language: Teaching And Learning

2798 words - 11 pages

In this subsection, different approaches to teaching culture within the foreign language teaching practice and different views of the term “culture” are going to be presented as a mean to explore the close relationship between culture and language and determine what is understood as culture in this study.

As it was mentioned above, there are different definitions of culture. These views have relied on the different language acquisition theories and teaching approaches that have emerged in the history of foreign language teaching. (Hinkel, 1999) Until the mid-twentieth century, culture was seen as the transmission of factual information about the target language, which consisted of statistical information about history, literature, arts, and geography among others. This View of teaching culture was known as “big C” or “achievement culture” and it was criticized because it only provided information rather than understanding of attitudes and values of the target language, (Kramsch, 1993 ; Tomalin and Stempleski, 1993; Kumaravadivelu, 2008).From this point of view, the teaching of culture is limited to the teaching of encyclopedic information about another country without recognizing the variability of behavior within the community of the target culture, or the participation of the individual in the creation of culture, or the interaction of language and culture in the construction of meaning, (Moore, 1996).
Later in the 60s, the view of culture emphasized on peoples´ way of living, their customs, habits and folklore and it was known in the foreign language teaching as “little c” or “ behavior culture” (Kramsch, 1993 ; Tomalin and Stempleski, 1993). This approach had more impact on theory than on practice because the emergence of behaviorism and structuralism. These two approaches to language teaching focused more on the structure rather than on the sociocultural aspects of the language. Therefore this attempt to integrate culture into language teaching failed due to their lack of relevance for the language teaching approaches of that time. (Stern, 1983; Corbett, 2003)
During the 70s and 80s, research on anthropology and sociolinguistics caused a greater emphasis more on the relationship between culture and language. Hinkel (1999) considers the works done by Hymes (1964), Gumperz (1972) and Kaplan (1966) a great contribution to this relationship as they privileged the communication within the cultural context. He cites Hymes (1972) mainly to state that the nature of the situations when communicative acts occur differs from one culture to another. This indicates that culture is interconnected with the ability to communicate appropriately in different social situations. This approach to culture teaching, therefore, implied to train students on how to employ appropriately the social rules of the target language such as the use of behavioral conventions, the use of silence, turn taking and politeness among others. (Byram & Morgan,...

Find Another Essay On Culture and Foreign Language: Teaching and Learning

Language and the Culture: Language learning through the culture of the target language

1931 words - 8 pages Language and the Culture : Language learning through the culture of the target language Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Winter spring 2010 Language and the Culture : Language learning through the culture of the target language As language and culture are interrelated, so that language cannot be taught without culture (Maria, 2002). How many people learn a culture of the target

Teaching Conditional Sentence to Foreign Language Learners

2185 words - 9 pages hypothetical, counterfactual situations in a present or future time frame where the condition expressed is known to be false or is presented as unlikely. 5. Conclusion In recent years, grammar teaching has an increasing influence in foreign language studies. For the better understanding of discourse, texts and passages, the effectiveness of teaching approach should be more emphasized as well as frugally selected. If not, the situation might get

Methodological Eclecticism in Teaching English as a Foreign Language

4148 words - 17 pages foundation to one's knowledge, one cannot construct a methodology of anything--including of foreign language teaching. The aim of this paper is to examine rudimentarily such foundation, and to propose an eclectic approach to teaching English to speakers of other languages. Learning theories and TEFL      "It appears counterproductive to dissect language in the same way that biology students might dissect a frog" (Maurice 1987, p. 9). Learners do not

The Benefits of Teaching Foreign Language in Elementary School

1462 words - 6 pages be taught for four weeks, then Spanish for the next four weeks, then German after that. Only a small percentage of teaching time is spent on this program (Naserdeen 2001). There have been other developments in foreign language education. One of these is the Technology-Assisted Language Learning. This is where learners can use e-mail, Internet, and other multimedia software, to learn the language. This can be helpful if one is trying to learn

Methodology Portfolio 6 - Teaching English as Foreign Language

1198 words - 5 pages options and activities in class.The term Learning Style describes an individual's natural, habitual, and preferred way of absorbing, processing, and retaining new information and skills. Perceptually based learning styles:Visual learners need to see what they are learning.Aural learners need to hear what they are learning.Kinesthetic learners need to add a physical act.Sources:Brown, H.,D.: Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, 1993, pg. 112

Communicative Competence as the Aim of Foreign Language Learning

1393 words - 6 pages to understand the culture of a language which can be realized through seeing films, watching TV programs, reading...2. Introducing pragmatic knowledge about the target language.In learning a language, linguistic knowledge is essential, but it is more significant to know when, where, and how to apply this knowledge to various situations, which leads to natural, casual and appropriate communication with native speakers.Example:A: Your pen can write

A brief how-to essay on learning a foreign language

865 words - 3 pages Learning to Speak and Read a Foreign LanguageHave you ever sat or stood near people speaking Spanish and get the sneaking suspicion that they were talking about you? No, you're not paranoid. In fact, you're probably right. There is only one defense that will allow you to defend yourself from being the victim of that feeling: learn the language.Learning a foreign language isn't as difficult as it's made out to be. Actually, English and Japanese

how culture of students affects in learning their language

1956 words - 8 pages culture is affecting learning second language. This study is aimed at finding out the interrelationship between culture & language on the context of Bangladesh. Though this research has been done with a small group of teachers, it revealed so many interesting and influential findings that reflect the overall dependence of language and culture.IntroductionEvery society has their own culture, where they follow some rules, norms, beliefs, values

The Need for Love when Teaching English as a Foreign Language

1248 words - 5 pages is not a reality in Kindergarten, sadly the chances of that developing in a higher grade are low. I too, like Sharon Shelton Colangelo respect the need for teacher to “devise more holistic and joyful activities that encourage learners to reconnect with their natural curiosity and ‘try on’ a culture and its language (Ogulnick, 2000, p. 107). My personal language learning experiences influence the instruction on my EL students by my ability to


3447 words - 14 pages PAGE PAGE 6 LECTURE 3. LEARNING AND TEACHING PROCESSES3.1 The teaching process3.2 Presentations and explanations3.3. Practice activities3.1 The teaching processThe process of teaching a foreign language is a complex one: as with many other subjects, it is broken down into components. There are three components: (1) presenting and explaining new material; (2) providing practice; and (3) testing.In principle, the teaching processes of presenting

Teaching and Learning

1925 words - 8 pages stratergies give children greater responsibility for their learning and that use of engagement stratergies benefit children tremendously” p. 5. In conclusion I would say that a teacher has one of the most important roles in a child’s everyday learning and that the way she observes , plans , assesses and evaluates each individual child , makes a difference in a child’s learning and helps the children to support /or enhance their interest or any other particular domains . To support the whole planning cycle in a child’s learning can only happen if the teacher is able to apply the teaching strategies adequately in the learning.

Similar Essays

Incorporating Culture In Foreign Language Teaching

1413 words - 6 pages impede the whole process of foreign language teaching.References:AbiSamra, N. (2001). "Teaching Culture: Strategies and Techniques." AmericanUniversity of Beirut. Education 328: Seminar in TEFL - Teaching Culture.Instructor Dr. Ghazi Ghaith. Spring 2001. Online at:, B. & Bada, E. (2005). "Culture in Language Learning and Teaching." TheReading Matrix. Vol. 5, No. 1, April 2005. Online

Aspects Of Culture To Teaching And Learning

739 words - 3 pages Relate aspects of culture to teaching and learning. Give examples of how to create a cohesive learning community. Culture is “The knowledge, values, attitudes and traditions that guide the behavior of a group of people and allow them to solve the problems of leaving in the environment” (Woolfolk, 2013, p. 206). Knowing what culture is, I will relate these aspects into teaching and learning the following way: In the U.S. classrooms, we face

Errors And Error Correction In Teaching Foreign Language

771 words - 3 pages Learning a foreign language can be compared to ice-skating: Everyone is afraid to fall. From the point of view of a learner/student, the possibility of making a mistake is more present here than in other subjects; second language is a completely new world, with different rules, structures, devices. Equally present is the fear of making a mistake, which often holds back the student. Feelings like "I'd rather be quiet than say something stupid

Learning And Teaching Vocabulary For A Second Language

923 words - 4 pages “Learning another language is not only learning different words for the same things, but learning another way to think about things.” (Flora Lewis, 2000) For as long as there are languages and for as there are languages, there are people studying and teaching it, but is there one way of teaching a language that is the right way? There are many aspects to learn a language, for the sake of the assignment I have been appointed only one aspect