Differentiate between social behavior and culture. Provide an example.
Social behavior is the specific manner an individual behaves in different situations or places. We are all taught as a child how we should act in public, in school, and even in our own homes. As an adult, we may have one personality in the workplace, and another at home, and possibly even another in the social side of life. Younger individuals or teenagers behave in a similar manner as their friends and peers. An example is the influences they have on each other may have an effect on the way they talk, their actions, and can shape overall behavior, whether in a good way or otherwise. Culture on the other hand can be defined as a realm of shared ideas, empowering an individual to interact with others who you have never met. By sharing the same culture, one has the ability to connect with many individuals and exist by what is shared together (Baumeister & Bushman, 2014, p. 33). Culture allows us ...view middle of the document...
Culture influences the way people communicate with each other; there are many, many different languages spoken throughout the world; in addition, culture plays a role in the books we read and the extreme differences in food that we eat (Baumeister & Bushman, 2014, p. 39)
How does nature influence human behavior?
Nature plays a role in human behavior as well. Baumeister (2014) defines nature as “The physical world around us, including its laws and processes.” Nature encompasses grass and trees; insects and animals; also weather, hunger, thirst, reproduction and death; atoms and molecules (Baumeister & Bushman, 2014, p. 28). We are influenced by nature because we are all born in a specific way; we are unique in our genes, our hormones and how our brain is designed. These aspects, along with other processes determine the manner an individual will act and the choices they will make in their life. This is totally different from the belief that we actually learn from our mothers and fathers and other family members; social order, and from life experiences as the culture influences indicates.
Are humans the only animals that have more than the rudiments of culture?
Human beings are most definitely different from all other animals. There are animals that live in groups; a pack of wolves, a den of lions, a troop of monkeys. They have the same needs and wants as human beings. They require nutrition and water regularly. They require oxygen, sleep and shelter, and warmth. They get can become ill or injured and must recuperate. They also desire to reproduce as humans do (Baumeister & Bushman, 2014, p. 32). However, I do not feel they have much more than the basic essentials of culture. There are some elements of culture animals possess, such as monkeys using stones to crack open nuts. Human beings experience culture in all aspects of life, and would be unimaginable without it. Culture in animals is considered an extra advantage or luxury. On the other hand, they could live practically as well without culture (Baumeister & Bushman, 2014, p. 32).
Baumeister, R. F., & Bushman, B. J. (2014). Social Psychology and Human Nature (3 rd ed.). Mason, Ohio, United States: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.