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Culture And Social Changes Of Taiwan

3064 words - 13 pages

Of the southeastern coast of the pacific super nation China, rest a humble and sovereign nation, Taiwan. Through many years of conflict, Taiwan has become a shimmer of light for developing pacific nations. Its culture streams from Chinese ancestry and century’s old religious beliefs have met the iron walls of today’s society. Social changes in Taiwan have opened the eyes to many of its citizens as they take on a rambunctious world. Through a thriving economy and never ending disputes with its tyrant neighbor, Taiwan is an exploration of many opportunities.
During the 15th and 16th century, Dutch and Spanish settlers came to Taiwan in search of gold. An early rumor circulated the world in 1636 that gold dust is in today’s Pingtung in southern Taiwan led to the arrival of Dutch and Spanish in 1624 (Mack, 2013). When Dutch and Spanish settlers arrived, no gold was present. However, sulfur was. Sulfurs significance in the world at that time ensured that miners would unearth the main ingredient in gunpowder. This was a huge discovery and kept the Dutch and Spanish around until the late 16th century. When word of the sulfur discovery reached mainland China, Chinese miners quickly invaded Taiwan in 1662 and removed the European settlers. China was experiencing a significant shortage on sulfur due to a large fire that destroyed its supply. China did not move into Taiwan with a swift invasion like the Dutch and Spanish. Through years of conflict with the Taiwanese ruling party, China successfully beat the Taiwanese empire and claimed the land. Many of the early Chinese miner’s genetics still trickle through the region today.
China’s rule over Taiwan was short lived. During the 18th century, the Asian pacific region was dominated by another super power, the Japanese. Taiwan found itself in the center of another war over its territory. The Japanese had had their eye on Taiwan since the late 16th century, succeeded in gaining control of the island after China was defeated in the First Sino-Japanese War 1894-1895 (Mack, 2013). The Japanese had control over a strategic island that provided an advantage of any attack on another Asian territory with a southern staging point. The defeat of the Chinese in 1895 changed the Taiwan island control once again. During World War II after the United Stated of America successfully defeated the Japanese, Japan relinquished control of the Taiwan and gave it to the Republic of China.
Taiwan’s early inhabitance by many countries led to an influx of its population. During the early inhabitance by the Dutch and Spanish settlers Taiwan had a population of over 500,000 people. By the late 18th century, Taiwan’s population reached over 2 million people. The population more than tripled during this time. The influx was clearly from the mining lead by early European settlers in the search of the mineral sulfur. With the influx of western bloodlines brought many new genetic melting pot s to Taiwan. ...

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