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Culture Drives Globalization Essay

1772 words - 7 pages

The term ‘globalization’ did not come about till the twentieth century however the processes of globalization had been around since the era of imperial domination. “The controversy surrounding the on-going debates about globalization is whether unfettered market forces will further diverge or converge income the world over. On the one hand, proponents of globalization say it has promoted information exchange, led to a greater understanding of other cultures, raised living standards, increased purchasing power (most especially in the west) and allowed democracy to triumph over communism.” Globalization usually takes different forms and will vary in meaning depending on the individual or group interested. Globalization has generally come about to meaning the interconnectedness of the world. “Cultures, economies and politics appear to merge across the globe through the rapid exchange of information, ideas and knowledge, and the investment strategies of global corporations” People nevertheless agree that culture and economy are consequences of globalization however; it is questionable as to what drives globalization. I believe it is an intertwined concept, however it is the economy that drives globalization more. “Technology has now created the possibility and even the likelihood of a global culture. The Internet, fax machines, satellites, and cable TV are sweeping away cultural boundaries. Global entertainment companies shape the perceptions and dreams of ordinary citizens, wherever they live. This spread of values, norms, and culture tends to promote Western ideals of capitalism.” Arguably, a global culture creates a global economy through the forces of technological advancement I nonetheless disagree with this and I believe global economy and economic competition promotes technological advancement, which undoubtedly aids global culture. Economic globalization is best thought of as the processes leading to the interconnectedness of economic activity around the world, and creating the awareness that the world is single (market) place. While cultural globalization can be defined as “a phenomenon by which the experience of everyday life, as influenced by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, reflects a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” I disagree that it is culture rather than the economy that drives globalization because it is through the economic connectedness of the world that has enabled the conceptualization of the different forms of globalization, examples being a “global culture” or a standardized accepted form of political institutions. I will explain this further by stating how the economy, since the outset of globalization has been the driving force rather than culture. I will also state supporting and opposing arguments for this.

Robertson and some other academics disagree with the importance of the economy in relation with what drives globalization. “We have rejected the undimensional economic approach to...

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