This paper will investigate the culture of Ireland by taking a look at the five characteristics. Each characteristic will be allotted its own subsections. The first section will encompass the history to illuminate the connection of a country’s struggle and their learned culture. I will communicate the key aspects that connect an individual culture to the region of the world it inhabits in the second section. In the third section, the language and art of the land are discussed to draw lines to the symbols a culture is founded upon. The fourth section of the essay is dedicated to the characteristic of culture being made up of many components. This is illustrated by the ethnicity/racial, weather, terrain, and military breakdown of the island. The final section is commentary on the dynamic characteristic that interacting cultures learn, develop, and transform due to their shared contact and friction.
Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving. Culture is the systems of knowledge shared by a relatively large group of people…Culture in its broadest sense of cultivated behavior; a totality of a person’s learned, accumulated experience which is socially transmitted, or more briefly, behavior through social learning (http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/choudhury/culture.html).
Culture has five basic characteristics: It is learned, shared, based on symbols, integrated, and dynamic (http://home.eartlink.net/~youngturck/Chapter8.htm).
CULTURE IS LEARNED
What is meant by a cultured being learned? This characteristic alludes to the fact that we are not born with a culture. It is not in our DNA. The knowledge, customs and traditions are passed down to the subsequent generations through enculturation. A people’s culture is learned throughout the ages and is a direct reflection of its storied history.
Early Inhabitants. Around 8000 BC, land bridges connected Ireland to Great Britain and mainland Europe. Hunter-gatherers, following flora and fauna in an effort to survive, journeyed across these bridges to be the cultural foundation of the island. They lived a nomadic existence. They followed the fish and game; never inhabiting in one area for long.
Four thousand years later, farming began and the people began to settle. They constructed burial mounds and impressive monuments. One such monument is the famous prehistoric Newgrange. Older than the Egyptian pyramids, Newgrange is a stone tomb erected sometime before 3000 BC.
The Irish society developed into a collection of kingdoms. The early culture grew and prospered during this time. A culture perpetuated by an upper class and disseminated to the rural community.
Arrival of Christianity. For thousands of...