Analyze for Curbing Air Pollution Plan in China
Within the recent thirty years, China made a big progress in the economics. However, with the exponentially increasing economy, the pollution has emerged silently. With the surging pollution appearing these years, more and more reports indicates that the air pollution in China puts the health of the public in a dangerous position. Within all the pollution, the air pollution is the one that the public worry about the most. And in addition to that, several severe air pollution has been observed within recent years and increased the concern of the public. Therefore, the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China made a plan to curb the air pollution in China, trying to prevent the air quality from being deteriorated and to reduce the air pollution level which was in a high level, including the restriction on coal usage, the limitation of high emission vehicles and the relocation of the urban factories. This article is written to analyze the Curbing Air Pollution Plan and to describe, critique and improve the three solutions mentioned above specifically.
Restriction on Coal Usage
The first solution to solve the air pollution problem that suggested in the plan is that to set some limits on burning coal and also petrol. (Wong, 2013) Specifically, the plan is to let the province to set up their own goals and to proceed the individual plan for each province. Therefore, the plan is made to be alternative and does not contain many details but from the statement made in the plan, the Chinese government treats the plan seriously instead of putting it as a side issue.
The first solution is reasonable since as supported in the data, the coal contributes to 42% of the CO2 pollution in China (Kuby & Xie, 2004) and as another set of data (Le Quéré et al.) suggested, China contributes 28% of the emission of Carbon Dioxide in the world which is currently ranked the first. And moreover, it has been shown that (Le Quéré et al.), in the industrialization history of many western countries, the worst air pollution happened when the emission of the coals and petrol is in a relatively high level. Therefore, it is reasonable to put the limit on the usage of the coal for each factory, and to reduce the emission in this way.
However, not as good as it is thought to be, there are some critiques to this solutions in different aspects. Firstly, as indicated in the plan, the plan is plan to cut down about 20 percent of the coal usage of factories, which is a huge amount based on the previous amount. It suggested a campaign-like plan instead of a consistent one, which is, as indicated in the paper by Gao, Yin, Ai, and Huang (2009), always hard to proceed to every details and usually cannot finish the object, and it is capricious by following the previous plans. Therefore, it will make people hard to follow the plan to make the required changes that the plan oriented. Secondly, although the plan to put...