Jasroop K. Dhillon
Word Count: 799
Proposed Species: Typhoid Fever Proposed action: Eradication
Cure the World: Eradicate Typhoid Fever
So, what is typhoid fever?
“Typhoid fever is an infection that causes diarrhea and a rash -- most commonly due to a type of bacteria called Salmonella typhi (S. typhi). This bacterium spreads through contaminated food, drink, or water. They travel into your intestines, and then into your bloodstream, where they get into your lymph nodes, gallbladder, liver, spleen, and other parts of your body”1.
Typhoid fever originated around 430-424 BC which was during the golden Age of Pericles. It is spread on the chances of it being this disease, but DNA sequences show similar bacterium responsible for typhoid fever2. Early symptoms to look out for are fever, general ill feeling, and abdominal pain. A high fever and severe diarrhea occur, as the disease gets worse. Some people with typhoid fever develop a rash called "rose spots," which are small red spots the cover the surface of the body1.
Why target this disease?
Typhoid fever is contagious.
In 1907, Mary Mallon became the first American carrier to be identified and traced with typhoid fever. “She was a cook in New York and became closely related to fifty-three cases and three deaths. Public Health authorities told Mary to give up working as a cook or have her gallbladder removed. Mary quit her job but returned later under a false name. She was detained and quarantined after another typhoid outbreak”2.
Some people who get this the disease are prone to becoming carriers of the bacteria. They can continue to release S. typhi in their urine and or stool for years, likewise spreading the disease. They might never even know they are causing such harm, but essentially this is one of the worst types of spreading.
Typhoid fever is too common and potentially deadly.
Although typhoid isn’t as common in the US as it is in many developing and 3rd world countries, these cases found in the US are typically derived from these 3rd world and developing countries. An outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2004-05 recorded more than 42,000 cases and 214 deaths2. Typhoid is still common with causes of deaths.
Can we ever eradicate Typhoid?
Typhoid fever can be eradicated for these reasons:
First of all, there are antibiotics for treatments towards this disease. The only problem is the many different kinds needed for certain regions of the world. This becomes based on geography and the...