Current Issues Of Needles And Syringes Exchange Program

1148 words - 5 pages

Another issue might be arise due to needle and syringe exchange program is legal and law enforcement. The legal and the regulatory of government do not permit the distribution of clean needles and syringes which create the obstacles and difficulties to the successful operation of the program mainly for Intravenous Drug Users (IDU).
Most recent survey of The Centre of Public Policies (2000), one of non-profit organization, show that they operate in “illegal background” for 25% which means they drive in a state with a prescription law and do not have formal support of local officials. While another 22% of programs reported that they were “illegal tolerated” or they function in a state prescription law and received a formal vote of support of local elected body. As for 53 % of programs views them as “illegal” as they manage in a state that has no law required by a prescription in order to purchase syringes and needles.
The security in the government merely not tolerant as the program became the goals of routine ‘hunt’ harassment. This undermines of customer confident and eventually drives to the distributions clean needle underground, partially lead to the rising number in the reuse and sharing of needles. For instance, in Bangladesh, one of the famous ranking of HIV’s patients, the police frequently impede with N & SNP’s through “harassment, raids and pot evictions”. Recently, many countries in Asia have facing criminal laws which against the controlling and distributing drug paraphernalia which include clean syringes. Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, PDR Laos, Japan, Hong Kong, Bhutan and Bangladesh, all of the countries listed impeded the distribution of needles and syringes in their countries mainly to specific reasons. For example, for Thailand’s aggressive “war on drugs” and forbidding the provision of needles has largely forced the clean needles to distribute underground. This has become a major problem to the organizer to achieve their objectives of the program.

According to Hankins, Bruneau and Remis (1998), in order to maintain and distributing a sufficient supply of clean sterile needle and syringes, it requires high cost and demand of funding to support the program Hankins
Training staff, building enforcement agencies and community organizations, evaluating program models and settings, further syringe return rates, reaching undeserved population such as women and ill people and integrate the syringes exchange into existing health services requires a lot of funding and need more co-workers to participate in the programs.
The issues on time and location as the program could not be remain open 24 hours a day at sites make it inconvenient to all drug users and to all other participants would not willing to enrol and appear at different sites of location as reported in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (1997). In a case such as deregulation of needles in Connecticut,in United State which the sales in pharmacies...

Find Another Essay On Current Issues of Needles and Syringes Exchange Program

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and a few current issues surrounding the existence of NATO.

2204 words - 9 pages countries on all issues concerning security on a country. The North Atlantic Council/Defense Ministers (NAC/D) is the council that deals with primarily any defense issues. The Defense Planning Committee (DPC) is intended to address defense planning and the military structure. All countries but France attend the DPC meetings, who withdrew in 1966). The Nuclear Power Group attends to any nuclear matters. The Military Committee is composed of each

Discuss briefly the formation of the National Health Service and describe and analyse 2 current political issues.

1637 words - 7 pages The purpose of this essay is to introduce the history of the National Health Service (NHS) and how its formation derived from the early 1600s. It will analyse two current political issues that occur within the NHS, the postcode lottery and the reformation of the NHS, examining the positive and negative effects they have had. It will also discuss implications of regulations within professional practice and how they account for quality of care

Japan, a brief history, current information, and global issues.

2229 words - 9 pages is usually available anyways. As for the current situation with SARS, there are no reported cases in Japan as of April 24th.Japan has a very low crime rate which means it is very safe to carry any kind of currency that is convenient for you. Credit cards such as American Express, Visa, and MasterCard will be accepted at the majority of the places you go but if not you will need to exchange your money to get some Japanese currency. The currency is

Current Issues on Management: Innovation and Change Management

1481 words - 6 pages In the today’s business world, change and innovation have become indispensable aspects for every organization that wishes to survive long-term in the market. This is simply because the modern market is characterized by an extremely high level of competition. Subsequent to this fact, therefore, many organizations have invested a significant amount of their resources on innovation as well as in promoting change. These efforts are deemed to

A discussion of Margerat Atwood's use of shock in 'The Handmaid's Tale, and how it relates to current issues.

2649 words - 11 pages Atwood says Gilead is "a logical extension of current trends. There is nothing in the text that hasn't happened already." How does the novel work to shock readers into a recognition of the dangers of our contemporary world?2637 words with quotesShock in 'The Handmaid's Tale' is used to keep the reader from being complacent with the text, to avoid the comfort that reading a 'good story' allows, and is also used to heighten the message. There is

Comparison of Curricula Design: Associate Level Program and Baccalaureate Program

1988 words - 8 pages Comparison of Programs of Curricula Introduction Nursing education is fundamental to ensure that newly graduated nurses provide safe and efficient care within the current workforce. Developing an effective nursing program that meets the standards of the credentialing body will enable programs to prepare students for the future. The curriculum should provide the student with learning experiences that are essential for quality nursing practice

This piece of work is a market research into Mcdonalds and its current situation in terms of sales, problems and marketing issues.

3039 words - 12 pages currency translation on reported results, except for hyperinflationary economies, whose functional currency is the U.S. Dollar. Constant currency results are calculated by translating the current year results at prior year average exchange rates.*** Excludes Partner Brands (McDonald's USA 03/26/2003 Press Releases)6.2Marketing mix6.2.1Product appealJim Cantalupo, Chairman and CEO of McDonald's Corporation, has directed all McDonald's markets that offer

Current and Non-Current Assets, The Order of Liquidity

770 words - 3 pages PAGE PAGE 5 Current and Non-Current Assets Current and Non-Current AssetsLaura GabbardUniversity of PhoenixACC 400 Accounting for Decision MakingPeter IovenoApril 13, 2008Current and Non-Current AssetsCurrent assets are items on a balance sheet. According to Investorwords, current assets equal "…the sum of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, inventory, marketable securities, prepaid expenses, and other assets that could be

An examination of the current management practices adopted in the park, considering the issues and how they impact on Noosa National Park, impacts on econimcal, environmental, social.

855 words - 3 pages practices adopted in the park, consider the issues and how they impact on Noosa National Park. Issues need to be addressed and to determine how to best sustain the park for further future use. Using environmental, economic and social implications to determine an appropriate cause of action and choosing a management plan that would best manage this resource.1.0 IntroductionNoosa National Park is a beautiful protected nature strip that is

The management development methods: Issues, and discussion around how make an effective management development program

2473 words - 10 pages IntroductionI.The management development methodsA.The formal methodsB.The informal methodsII.Are formal methods appropriate to an effective management development program?A.The issues of methods usedB.An effective management development programConclusionReferences and bibliography-------------------------------------------------------Introduction'Given the varied nature of managerial work and the wide range of individual strengths and weaknesses

Siemens Group: Analysis of Technology Management Using Relevant Theories/Models & Identification of Current Issues

8917 words - 36 pages identification and assessment process166.Non-linear innovation process (Kline model)187.Current and prospective innovation rate198.3i Program (Funnel model for idea generation)209.Customer connection (Chasm theory)2210.New combinations (Schumpeter model)2311.Tolerance for doubt and failure24IV.CURRENT ISSUES AND RECOMMENDATIONS251.Innovator's dilemma (mobile phone business case)252.Possible negative impacts from M&A on technological synergy263

Similar Essays

Is Australian Television Racist Task: Analyse A Newspaper Article Or A Tv Current Affairs Program (By Using An Internet Transcript) That Deals With An Issues Of Multiculturalism And Assimilation

2082 words - 8 pages which Australia has developed a 'new racism' of exclusionary tactics and how the diversity of our multicultural society is often overlooked (Cole 1997). For the purpose of this short essay I will use the program Home and Away as an illustration of the lack of cultural diversity in prime-time televising. Specifically we will look at the media's prime-time portrayal of our multicultural society and how it is very much and based on the idea that

Current Issues Of Accessibility Essay

950 words - 4 pages the use of mobile or portable devices and digital textbooks to provide student access to learning materials and connectivity. These can be incorporated into current technologies in use in South Africa, i.e., podcasts and vodcasts, and mobile devices, and advanced Web 2.0 technology/ software such as face book, real-time simulated software, speech and text transmission tools, and chat features, many require little or no additional cost to implement

Human Resource Challenges: Current And Future Issues

1446 words - 6 pages Human Resources Challenges: Current and Future Issues According to the author, Human Resource is the “practices and policies needed to perform the personnel aspects of a managerial job” (Dessler, 2011, p. 2). Generally, HR focuses on state and federal laws as well as company responsibilities such as staff benefits and payroll and the hiring or termination of employees. In addition to concentrating on the workforce of a company, the HR

Current Political Issues Of The Older Adult

1536 words - 6 pages variably, sight tear glands decline, slower muscles, cloudy lenses, and hearing loss.Disease prevention and health promotion programs provide other ways to control illness in an aging society. Researchers describe three types of disease or disability prevention: primary, secondary, and tertiary. Some studies of health promotion programs show promising outcomes. Wheeler (2003) describes a program for older women with cardiac disease titled, Women Take