Current Views Of Ageing: Unduly Pessimistic Or Unrealistically Optimistic

2186 words - 9 pages

Gerontology is a relatively unexplored field in relationship to the entire human civilization. Because we are in the demographic infancy of old age, we are said to be still in a societal and cultural exploration phase of old age. Therefore, what we witness today, as old age, has not yet settled into a stable culture or environment. Instead, in the years and decades to come, the facts and processes of old age are likely to undergo rapid changes to both cultural and behavioural representation. Although some individuals have reached old age before the twentieth century, today close to 50% of the population reach the age of 75. Like the rest of the developing world, Australia is experiencing a rapid increase in the proportion and absolute number of older persons. Taking the traditional retirement age of 65 as a reference point marking the beginning of the 'old age', about 12.1 percent of Australia's population or 1.85 million people fall into this category, with the group aged 80 and over growing most rapidly. (Baltes &Graf, 1996; Browning, Gething, Helmes, Luszcz, Turner, Ward & Wells, 2000)

Ageing is not merely a biological phenomenon experienced identically by all people, neither is it necessarily separate stages or states of being which just 'arrive' The ageing process needs to be represented as a social, physical, psychological and spiritual process in which individuals have created for themselves or have imposed upon them. Older people both experience and give meaning to their ageing within the constraints of specific material conditions (e.g. issues such as housing, income and access to relevant services) and social conditions (e.g. issues such as ageism and age discrimination; gender, race and empowerment; cultural and linguistic diversity). Experiences of past and future cohorts are likely to be very different from today's cohorts so care must be taken when communicating current data to future populations. Older people have many experiences in common with other age groups, and share many of their interests. For example, people can experience homelessness, poverty or are homeowners in various cohorts.

Current studies of ageing show that aged care and rehabilitation policies and practices reflect a pessimistic and negative view of old age - a form of ageism characterising older people as useless and dependant, allowing the younger generation to see older people as different from themselves, thus they subtly cease to identify with their elders as human beings. Ageism, like all prejudices, influences the self-view and behaviour of its victims. The elderly tend to adopt negative definitions of themselves and perpetuate the stereotypes directed against them, thereby reinforcing society's beliefs. Social expectations regarding old age and the elderly tend to be negative, and elders are particularly vulnerable to the expectations...

Find Another Essay On Current Views of Ageing: Unduly Pessimistic or Unrealistically Optimistic

Define and compare between the following interpretations of globalization (about 600 words). 1. Optimistic. 2. Pessimistic. 3. Traditionalist. 4. Transformationlist.

720 words - 3 pages Introduction:-There are no specific definition or explain about the globalization because almost every thing in our life can be consider as globalization, in general we can said, it is a small village that integrate language, religion, education and create new economic and culture zones within and across nations, and it doesn't only concern the material and technological sphere and social structures also it reaches deep into value systems,...

Mark Twain's Pessimistic Views Exposed in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

1391 words - 6 pages Mark Twain's Pessimistic Views Exposed in Huckleberry Finn      In Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain simply wrote about a boy and the river. In doings so Twain presents the reader with his personal view of mankind, whether he wants to or not:               Persons attempting to find a motive in this narrative                 will be prosecuted; persons attempting to find a moral in                 it will be banished;...

Current Views of Univerity Sport and its Athlete

1681 words - 7 pages Present views of university sport and its athlete's academic achievements are usually negative. The media constantly presents us with the stereotypical image of the "dumb jock"(Funk, 1991, p.14) , and society buys into it. Although society generally views university sport as having a negative effect on the academic performance of student athletes, studies done in Canada and the

Does the Current Conflict Between the West and Islam Confirm or Contradict Huntington's Clash of Civilization Thesis?

2604 words - 10 pages Samuel Huntington's thesis on "The clash of civilisations" of 1993 provoked a plethora of varied responses. A Professor at Harvard University, Huntington wrote in order to voice his predictions and warn the world of an upcoming clash of cultures, most notably between the West and Islam. The recent reaction in the Middle East to America's self-styled 'war on terrorism' provides a timely case study for this debate. While an affinity will...

Is Australian Television Racist Task: Analyse a newspaper article or a TV current affairs program (by using an internet transcript) that deals with an issues of multiculturalism and assimilation

2082 words - 8 pages A key feature of modern Australian society today is its multicultural background. Our society's multiculturalists like to pretend that we are colour blind and post racial (Moran 2011); and in doing so they pull a veil over the issue of racism. In the news article 'Is Australian Television Racist?' (Burt 2012), we are asked to look at the 'Aryan appetite' of our popular television programs, whereby minority. This essay will look at the way in...

Differing Views on Whether or Not English Should be the Primary Language of Africa

815 words - 3 pages English language is seen as an official language in several continents such as America and Europe. However, Africa is stand still with the idea of whether English should be accepted in this country. This essay will critically respond to the debate between Tok DiReck, “English is Africa’s Future” (2007), and Lynn Qua Frank, “Keeping Our Linguistic Culture” (2007). In the article of Tok DiReck, he mentions the economy situation of Africa is...

Silicon or Saline This essay debates the current event issue of which breast implant is safer, Silicon or Saline, and if the FDA should lift the ban off of silicon implants completely..

1179 words - 5 pages Recently, the Food and Drug Administration has recommended that silicone breast implants should be allowed back on the market. A ban was put on the implantation of silicon breasts about eleven years ago because of the initial health problems that were resulting from them. This issue has become one that is very controversial because many women are not sure if they should...

This isn't really a true essay but rather many helpful terms acquired from my world religion class. These terms apply to many religions around the world wether they be current or of the past.

1140 words - 5 pages Torah -(Hebrew, "law" or "doctrine"), in Judaism, the Pentateuch, especially when in the form of a parchment scroll for reading in the synagogue. The Torah is the cornerstone of Jewish religion and law.Mishnah, first part of the Talmud, a codification of the oral law of the Old Testament and of the political and civil laws of the Jews. It was compiled and edited (orally) in the last quarter of the 2nd century ad or the first quarter of...

Critical Thinking

1048 words - 4 pages Every day, living creatures are making decisions. Whether the decisions are big or small, they have to be made. As the decisions are performed, there is a process that one goes through. Different types of thinking styles and thought processes are available. The way one feels, believes, attitudes, and relating ideas can play a big part in their thinking styles. Various methods of thinking and thinking styles are used. In this paper the subject is...

Explanatory Style and Depression

574 words - 2 pages In studying the research on explanatory style and depression, I found some ideas that could help schools develop programs to reduce the "pessimistic explanatory style" in children. Scientists who have studied the effects of thoughts and feelings have discovered that these hopeless and pessimistic thoughts bring on anxiety and depression. Anxiety and...

Religion And Politics In Early Civilization

1087 words - 4 pages The differences between ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Greek civilizations can be seen through their religion and politics. As citied in the first section, we will look at religion and then politics in the second section."When the gods created man they allotted to him death, but life they retained in their own keeping. As for you, Gilgamesh, fill your belly with good things; day and night, night and day, dace and be merry, feast and...

Similar Essays

Optimistic Or Pessimistic Utopia? Essay

962 words - 4 pages The edges and borders of optimistic and pessimistic worlds clash and cross time and time again in George Orwell's 1984 and Aldous Huxley's Brave New World....

King Lear: Pessimistic Or Optimistic? Essay

1052 words - 4 pages King Lear - With a play as complex and multi - leveled as King Lear, it is very difficult to assess whether Shakespeare's view of life is either pessimistic or optimistic.  Without a doubt, there are many good arguments supporting both sides.  Because there are such an array of forces at work on the character in Lear, as well as so many separate and interrelated themes, one can not help but wonder whether it was even Shakespeare's...

1984/Brave New World Optimistic Or Pessimistic Uto

960 words - 4 pages The edges and borders of optimistic and pessimistic worlds clash and cross time and time again in George Orwell's 1984 and Aldous Huxley's Brave New World....

To Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee Is It An Optimistic Or Pessimistic Novel?

856 words - 3 pages When searching for optimism or pessimism in a novel, one of the first things taken into account is the title. "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee, is one of those books where the title gives nothing away, and is not understood until you have read the story. This book, first published in 1960, is in fact neither an optimistic, nor...