This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Curriculum Integration Essay

1043 words - 5 pages

“The Integrated Curriculum Design or Subject Based Approach? You decide!” Educators are now at odds because of their views on which is the best practice approach to teaching young children. There are those that believe that teaching and learning should offer separate and distinct courses that are offered by the Subject Based Approach Curriculum. While others believe that teaching and learning, should involve the fusion of all the disciplines in the courses as offered by the Integrated Curriculum Design.
Historically the education system was mainly of the teachings and learning, that focuses is on content or discipline that was being taught. This type of teaching and learning is known as ...view middle of the document...

Curriculum integration has been described by various educational researchers who refer to it, has an interwoven, thematic, interdisciplinary correlated link (Cook, 2009). John Dewey was one of the main advocate for the integrated curriculum. He believed that the curriculum that was provided at schools were mainly focused on subject matter and students would have an inactive role in the curriculum. He thought that education and learning are social and interactive processes therefore the one way delivery style of authoritarian schooling was not fitting for students. Students strive in an environment where they are allowed to experience and interact with the curriculum and that all students should be able to take part in their own learning (Brewer, 2007). Dewey elaborated on his belief by stating that educators was overlooking the importance of subject matter and also that he wanted to create a curriculum that would balance the subject matter with students interest and needs (Ornstein, 1982).
Lev Vygotsky showed interest in the socio-cultural world on the child’s development and its implication for the role of the teacher. He had an interest in emergent curriculum which emphasizes cooperation between teacher and student (Hendrick & Weissman, 2007). According to Vygotsky, for the curriculum to be developmentally appropriate, the teacher must plan activities that encompass not only what children are capable of doing on their own, but what they can learn with the help of others (Karpov & Haywood, 1998, as cited in Noor, 2013). He also believed that since children learn through interaction, the curricula should be designed to emphasize interaction between students and the given task. Vygotsky also stated that, the two primary means of learning occur through social interaction and language. Language greatly enhances humans' ability to engage in social interactions and share their experiences (Feeney & Marovcik et-al, 2010).
The two approaches carry distinct differences that make them unique. According to (Orstein, 1982) subject based curriculum are the logical way to organize and interpret learning, it makes it easier for students to remember information for future use, teachers are trained as subject specialist and teaching materials such as textbooks are usually organized by subjects. This type of curriculum is seen to be fragmented and concepts are taught in isolation and also learn in...

Find Another Essay On Curriculum Integration

Analyse ways in which the delivery of the curriculum can vary according to the context in which it is provided

846 words - 4 pages approach enable to deliver curriculum in Social Work, Youth and Community Work and related professions for largely composed of students from 'non-traditional entry' backgrounds. The main emphasis here is on the integration of support for learning within the curriculum where it is central to the student experience. The pro-active and holistic nature of the strategy and the various ways in which it is integrated into the curriculum involves merging

Curriculum Plan Analysis

1222 words - 5 pages for professional development emphasizing technology tools and their integration into the curriculum. Teachers need opportunities and examples to see what the curriculum looks like within their own subject areas. Assessment within this curriculum does include standards-based measures (Posner, 2004, p. 103). Students will be expected to demonstrate specific levels of knowledge and skills as outlined by the technology applications TEKS (Texas

Curriculum Leadership

1949 words - 8 pages To define curriculum leadership, one should first have a working definition of curriculum. According to Marsh and Willis (2007), curriculum is usually regarded to mean a program of instruction at a school including both the planned and unplanned events in the classroom (pp.16, 375). Curriculum has three basic focal points: the nature of the individual, the nature society, and the nature of a subject (P. Brown, CIED 5053 lecture notes, August

Integrating the Arts into the Curriculum

644 words - 3 pages Arts integration is ensuring and allowing students an equitable education through all aspects of learning. Arts integration is combining any art form with any academic instruction. Not only are you just combining it but you are introducing to your students a different way of learning and studying a subject. There are three ways arts can be introduced into the curriculum; learning with the arts, learning through the arts, and learning about the

New Zealand Early Childhood Education Services

1078 words - 5 pages New Zealand Early Childhood Education services, since the year 1996, has used Te Whāriki as their curriculum basis due to the implementation and rule of the Ministry of Education. This implementation has brought about many benefits within this educational context. The curriculum is deepened and enriched through the integration of Te Whāriki throughout all aspects of it. This provides a solid bicultural framework for teachers and a higher quality

Integrating Technology at the Elementary Level

1582 words - 7 pages , it is still playing a leading role in integrated curriculum. In more recent research, integrating technology in the elementary classroom has shown to improve achievement of low socioeconomic status schools. A case study investigated integration of laptop computers and suggests challenges and benefits for at-risk students. One challenge is ensuring students are productive and actually learning. “Simply providing access to computers and internet

A brief comment on James Beane's The Middle School: The Natural Home of Integrated Curriculum

553 words - 2 pages James Beane (1991) makes an interesting analogy when he surmises that a discipline based curriculum is similar to giving a student a jigsaw puzzle without showing them the completed picture. Beane (1991) writes that this is how students may view the discipline based school curriculum; they are working on blind faith that what they are learning is somehow connected and of real value to them. The boundaries of this curriculum design limit the

Leadership Through Curricular Reform in Music Education

2549 words - 10 pages be aware of the issues that are being revised. Arts Integration Most music educators realize the need for integration of music into other areas of the school curriculum but do not understand the effort that goes into forming an integrated lesson plan. When incorporating music into another subject, students gain a richer experience in their education. Perhaps the most important reason for music integration is fulfillment of the eighth

Cross-Curricular Approach

1814 words - 7 pages , Culture & Society, 14 (2), 119-147. doi: 10.1080/14681360600738277 Brewer, M. T. (2002). Integrated Curriculum: What Benefit?. Arts Education Policy Review, 103 (4), 31-36. doi: 10.1080/10632910209600296 Brophy, J & Alleman, J. (1991). A Caveat: Curriculum Integration Isn't Always a Good Idea. Educational Leadership, 49 (2), 66. Retreived from http://www.ascd.org/ASCD/pdf/journals/ed_lead/el_199110_brophy.pdf Hadjikyriakou, S., Englezaki, A

Palliative Care Concepts Should be Integrated into the Nursing Curriculum

1061 words - 4 pages Nurse educators lay the groundwork when preparing to teach nursing classes. When considering curriculum development there are several things to keep in mind such as making the nursing classes as useful and interesting as possible, and also want ensuring that the information is inclusive of current standards of care, that is comprehendible for the learner. According to Billings and Halstead (2009) the design of curricula is to provide a

The Importance of Art in School

1125 words - 5 pages Learning Across The Curriculum." explains : Art integration--which brings to teaching and learning the benefits of artistic thinking, process, and creativity--could be a major player in this new paradigm. However, for art integration to be a compelling alternative to other pedagogies and/or to play a pivotal role in shaping a new edu cation model, general educators must understand its potential for deepening and transforming learning across

Similar Essays

Integrated Curriculum Design Or Subject Based Approach You Decide

1028 words - 5 pages fusing together knowledge, concepts and experiences from across the subject areas of the curriculum. Explations and justification The theory of the Integrated Curriculum Design came about through the contribution made by, John Dewey the Philosopher and Lev Vygotsky the Psychologist among others. Curriculum integration have been described by various educational researchers who refer to it has an interwoven, thematic, interdisciplinary

Dowden On Student Centered Learning Essay

658 words - 3 pages the effectiveness of the integrative and the multidisciplinary models of teaching. Dowden (2007) writes of the confusion teachers encounter with terminology in respect to curriculum integration and states that quite often teachers confuse multidisciplinary approaches with student-centred approaches. Student-centred approaches incorporate democratic input from students whereas multidisciplinary approaches, due to the reliance on long range planning

Integrating Curriculum, Ny Essay

1039 words - 4 pages Integrating Curriculum, NY Integrating curriculum is important in the teaching of subjects and the learning of material. The integrating of curriculum allows for many different disciplines to be applied at the same time yielding more topics to be learned at once. But how does it work? The point of this paper is to answer the question how and to shed some light on the ideas of integrated curriculum. In the integration of curriculum

Students With Special Needs In The Language Classroom

1175 words - 5 pages of integration can increase while the differences decrease. 2. On a second level we find curriculum adaptation in the classroom, which takes all of the adjustments and modifications in the educational proposal and gives them to a group of students to work with. The goal of this is to help the students with special needs complete their objectives in the most normal way and with the most integration possible into the classroom's general