This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cutting Humanitarian Aid To Somalia Essay

1156 words - 5 pages


Cutting humanitarian aid by the United States significantly effected Somalia and aid organizations. This unfortunate but necessary decision had to be made because of fear aid was going into the wrong hands. Al Shabab, an Al Qaeda-linked terrorist organization, who wages global Jihad and vows to attack the United States (U.S.), played a key role in the halt of humanitarian aid to Somalia. This organization is a threat to the U.S., National Security, Somalia and its neighboring countries. In order for humanitarian aid to resume by the U.S. and its allies, al Shabab needs to be eliminated from the region.
Somalia has been torn by years of conflict since the collapse of its government in 1991. Today, the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) backed by the United Nations (UN) and allied forces has been appointed to run Somalia. This has been challenging due to opposition from al Shabab, an anti-Western Islamic militia, who feel they should be in control of Somalia. TFG mainly occupies Northern Somalia while al Shabab controls the South-Central regions. Fierce fighting amongst the government and militia continues as al Shabab attempts to gain control. “The group also has a well-trained and well-armed militia that includes hundreds of foreign fighters, including dozens from the U.S. and Europe. It has conducted sophisticated terror attacks, including twin car bombings, on its targets inside Somalia” (Harnisch, C. 2010). As the humanitarian aid crisis grew worse, the country’s worst drought in years settled in causing famine, while the U.S. cut humanitarian aid. Al Shabab took advantage of this opportunity to further establish them as a legitimate, well-structured organization capable of stepping in as a government. “Tragically, al Shabab has exploited the generosity of the United States and the broader international community by using foreign humanitarian aid to bolster its capacity and maintain its control of southern Somalia. The group has raised funds through “taxing” aid distributors or forcing them to pay fees at checkpoints in order to operate in a given area” (Harnisch, C. 2010). Al Shabab sells portions of the humanitarian aid food supply in order to buy weapons for its militia. It has created its own administration to regulate humanitarian aid flowing into the affected region. “This administrative function achieves two significant objectives for al Shabab. First, it allows the group to define itself as the sole governing authority in southern Somalia. Al Shabab presents the impression to the Somali people and the international community that it is the legitimate authority in the region by dictating regulations to international organizations, such as the U.N., and violently enforcing those regulations. Second, by regulating foreign humanitarian aid, al Shabab also defines itself as the protector of the Somali people and the United States as the enemy” (Harnisch, C. 2010). Al Shabab has contributed significantly to the...

Find Another Essay On Cutting Humanitarian Aid to Somalia

Somalia Struggle for Power Essay

1840 words - 8 pages in al-Shabaab possession. The struggle for power in Somalia, has affected Americans and U.S. policy in the past and may repeat itself if the same mistakes are made. So far, already operating under a large deficit, the U.S. have been the in the lead in providing support to Somalia. As the U.S. look to provide humanitarian aid and deny safe haven for al-Shabaab, it will require U.S. commitment. The U.S. faces challenges of lack of real time

Kenya’s Effort Against Al-Shabaab Essay

1154 words - 5 pages . The government of Somalia has repeatedly proved to be ineffective in protecting its own people and has exposed them to the cruelty of warlords and terror groups. Kenya states, however, that they remain committed to support of the people of Somalia. Many Somali’s seek refuge in Kenya, a nation that has become one of the main providers of humanitarian aid to Somalia. Historically, Kenya has accommodated the Somali government and to this day

Canadian Peacekeepers Create Change - History - Essay

1006 words - 5 pages attacks, soldiers needed to be psychologically prepared to go on peacekeeping missions. A peacekeeper must be loyal, have discipline purposive action, good fellowship in chaotic situations. (M.S.V.K. 4). Many soldiers come back changed with psychological scars and they required time and effort to get back to their normal lives. The December of 1992 Canada committed 900 troops that secured delivered and distributed humanitarian aid (Montague 133

Failed States and Civil Wars: Somalia

2395 words - 10 pages resulted in more violent measures to supress potential coup attempts. Barre's corrupt regime spent all the national treasury suppressing these attempts which led Somalia into an economic crisis. The Somali army disintegrated and all troops rejoined their respective clans. By this time, all foreign aid had been withdrawn due to the instability and humanitarian violations of Barre's regime, which collapsed in 1991. In an effort to assist the failed

20th Century Somalia

1717 words - 7 pages . US troops were sent by President George H.W. Bush to the Somalia area of Mogadishu to help aid in Operation Restore Hope. The US troops allowed international aid workers to restore food distribution and other humanitarian operations. As violence continued, the United Nations authorized the arrest of General Mohammed Farah Aidid, leader of one of the rebel clans. During an attempt to arrest him by US troops, rebels shot down two US Army

Irregular Warfare Mindset Needed for Our Modern World

728 words - 3 pages attempted to fill the vacuum as they vied for control of the country. Coupled with one of the worst droughts in Africa’s history, the ensuing civil war left 300,000 people dead. The U.S. responded with a Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) to bring food and aid to Somalia. Delivering food and other aid to countries has been one of the U.S.’s primary activities in conducting irregular warfare. Backed by the international community, including the UN

The Threat Al-Shabaab Poses to United States Interest in the Horn of Africa

1539 words - 6 pages Somalia, Kenya, and Ethiopia. The threat of violent extremism posed by al-Shabaab to Somalia and its neighbors has been a concern for almost a decade. The Council on Foreign Affairs (2011) describes their tactics as “classic guerrilla tactics--suicide bombings, shootings, and targeted assassinations--to oppose the Somali government and what it perceives as its allies, from aid groups to the Ethiopian military to African Union peacekeepers

Somalia's Growing Disease Crisis

1163 words - 5 pages internal conflicts, and lack of proper government, hostilities towards humanitarian workers have increased making it nearly impossible for aid to be delivered to the long-suffering people of Somalia. Without food, water, proper sanitation facilities, and necessary pharmaceuticals, malnutrition rates will continue to rise making survival nearly impossible. Works Cited Butler, Rhett A. "http://www.mongabay.com." http://www.mongabay.com

Somalia: A Country in Need

1734 words - 7 pages Many countries around the world know about the numerous issues Africa has been dealing with for years. However, only a few countries know what specific problems the African people of Somalia live through every day. The problems that occur in Somalia not only affect how the citizens live, but their mental and physical appearances. Somalia is a country located on the east coast of Africa, opening them up to major issues with piracy. Piracy causes

Peacekeeping in Canada

931 words - 4 pages to the country. Thus, Boutros Boutros-Ghali asked the United States, in late 1992, to lead a military task force to Somalia that would secure humanitarian relief operations and, at the same time, prepare the ground for a second and much larger UN mission. However, the events that took place during this mission cannot be described as a peacekeeping mission or one of humanitarian aid. “From the "clean snows" of the Petawawa military base in

Piracy in Somalia

1324 words - 5 pages Attacks by pirates operating out of the waters off the coast of Somalia, a region in the Horn of Africa (HOA), have motivated changes in international maritime security, altered the global economy, and endangered mariners from across the globe. These attacks have involved several nations, to include the United States, and hindered several globally-supported humanitarian aid transports which deliver to some of the world's most at risk populations

Similar Essays

Military Ethics – Humanitarian Aid In Somalia

2910 words - 12 pages In August of 1992, President George Bush Sr. sent US soldiers into Somalia to provide humanitarian relief to those Somalis suffering from starvation. The major problems in Somalia started when President Mohammed Siad Barre was overthrown by a coalition of opposing clans. Although there were several opposing groups, the prominent one was led by Mohammed Farah Aidid. Following the overthrow of Barre, a massive power struggle ensued. These small

Discuss Whether It Is Possible To Maintain The Neutrality Of Humanitarian Aid

2785 words - 11 pages interventions to alleviate suffering of affected populations they assess to be most in need. In this essay, the nature of neutrality and its purpose and this principled application in humanitarian aid will be discussed. Furthermore, it will aim to demonstrate that while it may be desirable to seek neutrality of humanitarian aid, in reality on the ground and in constantly and rapidly changing circumstances, this is increasing difficult to achieve and

Weapons Trafficking In Somalia Essay

2506 words - 11 pages radicalization (Masters, 2013). Following its radicalization, Al-Shabaab adopted a jihadist approach cutting Somalia from outside interest and attacking targets that encroached on their objectives as it contradicts their goal of enforcing the strictest forms of Islamic law. Al-Shabaab targets of choice includes African Security Forces (AMISOM), SNSF, humanitarian agencies working to improve stability, foreigners, and in some cases women and

Somalia: Bedrock Of Violence Essay

2022 words - 9 pages Societies all over the world are changing for the future. For all countries, change can come slowly as it is instituted throughout the daily lives of the people. Somalia, in particular, can attest to the conflicts brought about by those changes. The level of poverty, failing government, and lack of humanitarian aid, are caused by boundaries from within Somalia. Al-Shabaab, the terrorist organization operating in Somalia, is hindering